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July Quiz Revision

●Seemai Karuvelam tree(Prosopis Juliflora);-
-> it reduce the biodiversity in the area
->wood used to make charcoal 
●Crew Interactive Mobile Companion(CIMON);-
->is an English-speaking droid(AI-powered companion in space)
●Thoothukudi -> Tamil Nadu
Cox’s Bazaar -> Bangladesh
Sri Ganganagar -> Rajasthan

●Rim of the Pacific Exercise (RIMPAC);-
-> Is the world’s largest international maritime exercise, hosted by the U.S. biennially 
●Agni-V;-
->India’s longest-range ballistic missile
-> with a range of over 5,000 km and can reach most parts of China.
●Liberalised Remittance Scheme;-
->allow Remittances up to USD 250,000 per financial year 
->is available to all resident individuals including minors
●2011 census;-
->India has around 70 million PwDs
•Accessible Elections’ as the theme for the National Voters Day.
●PAROS treaty;-
->aims to preserve space for peaceful uses by prohibiting the use of space weapons.(1967 Outer Space Treaty)

●Goldilocks zone;-
-> is the region around a star where liquid water can exist at a planet’s surface.
●Krishi Kalyan Abhiyaan;-
->To improve farming techniques in 25 village (in Aspirational Districts)
●International Criminal Police Organization(INTERPOL)
•HQ->Lyon, France
◆ Central Bureau of Investigation is designated as the "National Central Bureau of India".
●survey "Wings 2018: World of India’s Girls"-> by "Save the Children"
-> travelling in public transport
° 47% girl(urban)->unsafe☹
°40% girl(rural)->unsafe
●Asia Pacific Trade Agreement (APTA);-
->initiative under United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UN ESCAP)

●Jalalabad,Afghanistan;-
->Akbar started the modern town in 1560
●The only poet who Tagore translated into English (apart from himself) is Kabir
●Bru community->Tripura &Mizoram(predominantly reside)
●cVigil-App;-
->launched by ECI(election...)
->to complaint against malpractices in election

●Biofuels;-
•First Generation(1G)->produced directly from food crops(wheat, sugar etc.)
•2G->produced from non-food crops(wood, organic waste etc.)
•3G->Specially engineered energy crops such as algae
•4G->created using petroleum-like hydroprocessing, advanced bio-chemistry
●Lake Titicaca;-
-> is the largest freshwater lake in South America
->sandwich b/w Peru and Bolivia
●WIPO Copyright Treaty{ under the Berne Convention};-
->protection of works and the rights in the digital environment
●Maharaja Bir Bikram Manikya Kishore(renamed Agartala Airport);-
->last ruling maharaja of Tripura

●Pad Abort’ test (PAT);-
-> ambition of sending Indians to space.
●India does not have diplomatic relations with Taiwan.
->Taiwan is the largest exporters of Integrated Circuits(IC).
●Island Development Agency is chaired by ->Union Home Minister
->Port Blair -> Smart City
●AMCDRR (biennial conference) ;-
->jointly organised by different Asian countries and the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR)
-> India has hosted in 2007, 2016
●Making Cities Resilient’ campaign;-
->launched in 2010 by UNISDR
->aim to support sustainable urban development

●There are three definition of production cost ;-
1) •A2-> covers all paid-out expenses, including cash and in kind.(like Irrigation, seeds,fertilisers and fuel etc.)
2)•A2+FL-> cover actual paid cost(A2) and also unpaid family labour(FL). 
3)• C2 ->cost includes all actual expenses in cash and kind incurred in production +(plus)rent &interest paid for leased land
●India annual bilateral trade;-
• China->84.4 billions $
•US-> 74.3 billions $
•UAE->49.74 $
●India’s foreign exchange reserves;-
->facilitate external trade and payment and promote orderly development and maintenance of foreign exchange market in India.
●SO2hotspots->Eastern India(odisha, JH,..)
●Friends of Yemen Group;-
->to help bolster international political support for Yemen
->India is a member
●city of Murshidabad;-
-> was the capital of Bengal
-> when 1757 British(Robert Clive)defeated Siraj–ud–Daula in the Battle of Plassey

●Institutions of Eminence (IoE)scheme;-
->Each institution(public sector) get up to ₹ 1,000 Cr in 5yr
->aim to bring IoEs in top 500 of world ranking in the next 10 years
●CIPET(Central Institute of Plastics Engineering & Technology);-
->offers Diploma of plastics engineering and technology
-> comes under Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilisers
●Authority for Advance Rulings;-
->objective of an advance ruling is to make a taxpayer aware
●derivatives instruments;-(currency, bonds, stocks etc.);-
-> regulated by various regulators, like RBI, SEBI etc.
●National Testing Agency;-
->initially conduct those entrance examinations which are currently being conducted by the CBSE.
->establish a network of test practice centres for rural area
->set up under the Indian Societies Registration Act, 1860

●Maghar(tourist destination),UP;-
-> Hindus have built a temple in memory of Kabir(attain Samadhi there)
●Suhaili(Indian built boat-1968);-
->to participate in the prestigious Golden Globe Race (Non-stop circumnavigation of the globe)
●Cape of Good Hope – South Africa
Cape Horn – Southern Chile
Cape Leeuwin – Australia
●Blue-Revolution;- 
->Under this, the traditional fishermen and their societies can avail financial assistance
●Fish production;-
•68% -> from inland fisheries 
•32%-> from marine sector
●GST Council;-
->it is functioning as to arouse confidence amongst all States(cooperative-federalism decision-making authority)
• 122nd Amendment Bill of the Constitution of India, officially known as The Constitution (101st Amendment) Act, 2016
->All legislations enabling the GST were passed unanimously

●"Behdienkhlam" cultural festival ↪Jaintia tribe,Meghalaya
●MOVE Summit;-{by NITI Aayog}
↪to showcase innovation and build a platform for future of mobility
●DNA Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill,2018;-
↪for expanding the application of DNA-based forensic technologies(to solve
criminal cases)
●games that originated in India;-
↪Badminton, Carrom, Polo, Chess, Kabaddi, Snakes and Ladders (Gyan Chaupar) 
●Workshop on Greenhouse Gas Inventories in Asia (WGIA);-
↪an initiative of Govt. of Japan to improve quality of Greenhouse Gas Inventories of Asian countries

●Telecom Commission ↪was set up by the Government of India vide a resolution
●Telecom Regulatory Authority of India(TRAI);-
↪was established by an Act of Parliament
↪to regulate telecom services
●Nilgiri Tahr;-
•State animal ↪ TN
•IUCN status↪Endangered(< 2500)
●Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve ↪ TN
●India-Iran bilateral trade;
• US $12.89 billion(imported $10.5 billion)
•exported $ 2.4 billion(commodities rice, tea, iron and steel, organic chemicals, metals, electrical machinery, drugs/pharmaceuticals)
●Anchor investors;-
↪ are institutional investors(Initial Public Offerings)

●Artist Gilbert Baker(gay man);-
↪designed the first rainbow flag in 1978. 
he adopted eight colors each with its own meaning
•hot pink -> sex
•red -> life
•orange ->healing
• yellow ->sunlight
• green -> nature
•turquoise ->art
• indigo -> harmony
• violet -> spirit
●Medipix;-
↪ works like a camera detecting and counting individual sub-atomic particles
↪New Zealand scientists have performed the first-ever 3-D, colour X-ray on a human
●TPOXX (tecovirimat);-
↪Is a small-molecule antiviral treatment for "smallpox"
●SA-21 Growler;-
↪designed to detect and destroy an array of targets( upto1,000 KM away)strategic bombers,aircraft like F-16& F-22

●Kabaw Valley (in Myanmar);-
↪Have border with Moreh, Manipur
●Colombo ↪coastal city in western Sri Lanka.
•Trincomalee is a coastal city N-E Sri lanka
•Mattala ↪ town located near coastal town of Hambantota.
●International Amateur Athletic Federation
(IAAF)World Under-20 Championships took place in↪Finland

●Mission Birubala & Project Prahari;-
↪campaigning against witch-hunting 
●Expanding universe hypothesis;-
•Edwin Hubble, in 1920↪provided evidence that universe is expanding(As time passes, galaxies move further and further apart)
●Vikas engine;-
↪Is aimed at improving the playload capability of PSLV,GSLV &GSLV MK -III launch vehicles
●India’s spending on R&D;-(0.7% of GDP)
•Public sector↪0.4%(from 0.5% in 2009)
•Private sector↪ 0.3%(from 0.2% in 2009)
●Pradhan Mantri Jan Vikas Karyakram (PMJVK) ;-
↪Programme aims to address development deficits in the identified minority concentration areas
↪Now the population criteria has been lowered to 25% for 'Cluster of Villages'


●Samagra Shiksha’ scheme 
For all-round development of school children(primary to 12th)will subsumes 
•Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
•Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan
•Teacher Education
●joint military exercise with India ;-
•Magnolia – Ex Nomadic Elephant
•Bangladesh– Table Top Ex
•Israel – Ex Blue Flag
•Oman – Ex Eastern Bridge
●Execution and coordination of the ‘National Monsoon Mission’ come under 
Indian Instituted of Tropical Meteorology(IITM), Ministry of Earth Sciences
●Meghalayan Age;-
↪marked by a mega-drought that crushed a number of civilisations worldwide.
●Wood Wide Web;-
↪Trees secretly talk to and share resources with each other(Trees do this using a network of fungi that grow around inside their roots)


●Bosphorus strait;-
↪unites Black Sea & Sea of Marmara
●J&K handicrafts accorded GI tags;-
↪Pashmina
↪Sozani craft
↪Walnut wood carving
↪Hand-knotted carpet
●"Coordination and determination of standards in institutions for higher education"↪Union List(66th)
●The tail of a feathered dinosaur & two wings from birds that lived alongside dinosaurs↪recently found in "Myanmar"
●Ellen MacArthur Foundation;-
↪aims to redefine products and services to design waste out beyond the current “take, make and dispose” extractive industrial model(Accelerate the transition to a circular economy)


●The Maluti village Temple(Jharkhand);-
↪sixty-odd surviving temples are exquisite examples of "Bengal-style terracotta art"
●space weather;-
↪generally refers to conditions on the Sun and in the solar wind, magnetosphere, ionosphere, and thermosphere
●Artillery gun;-
↪Is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry's small arms.like--
•Dhanush
•K9 Vajra T
•M777 Howitzer
●operational/ navigableNational Waterways (NWs) in India ;-
•NW ↪1,2,3,4 & NW ↪ 9,10, 27,68,85, 
&NW↪ 97,100,111
●Adoption & Succession↪ concurrent list
•Public health,Public order &Land ↪states list


↪India-Africa trade has shown a slump in recent years.
↪India's investment level in Africa has come down while china's has burgeoned
●Inter-Creditor Agreement (ICA);-
↪to speed up the resolution of stressed assets of Rs 50 crore and above
↪was framed under the aegis of the "Indian Banks’ Association"
↪if 2/3rd(66%)of the lenders in terms of aggregate exposure approve, then the resolution plan is binding on all the lenders.
↪NBFC also expected to sign the agreement.
●Article -19(FRs);-
•The right to demonstration or picketing but not right to strike.(j)
•Right to telecast(e)
•Right against bundh called by political party or organization(f)
•Right against tapping of telephonic conversation(d) etc.
●Privilege Motion;-
↪It is concerned with the breach of parliamentary privileges by a minister
↪privilege motion can move against any member of parliament
●Public Affairs Index;-{by Public Affairs Centre,NGO}
↪ranks the states of India from the lens of governance


●The quadrennial tiger census survey;-
↪designed by the "Wildlife Institute of India"
↪to count the elusive national animal by "camera traps"
●South Korea’s new policy;-
↪aim to better connect South Korea to ASEAN(& seeks to curb its reliance on traditional trading partners like China &US)
●Girinka programme(one cow per poor family);-
↪PM modi presented 200 cows to poor villagers in Rwanda 
↪for their nutritional and financial security
●'Sashakt' plan;-
↪ approved by the government to address the problem of resolving bad loans
•inter-creditor agreement;-(under sashakt plan}
↪ is aimed at the resolution of loan accounts with a size of ₹50 crore and above
●Shyama Prasad Mukherjee was the founder-President of↪ Bharatiya Jana Sangh
●Dr Ambedkar was founder of ↪Republican Party of India(RPI), Scheduled Castes Federation(SCF) & Independent Labour Party


●Cost of transportation of freight;-{RITES Report -2014}
•highways(2.50 ₹/Tkm) > railways(1.36) > inland water transport(1.06) 
•Tonne-kilometre(Tkm)↪ is a unit of measure of freight transport 
●Montague-Chelmsford Reforms{act-1919};-
↪to introduce self-governing institutions gradually to India
↪separated central and provincial subject(transferred and 'reserved-alone governor')known as ‘dyarchy->double rule'
↪also introduced bicameralism
•Association of Indians with the executive councils of viceroy and governors was first introduced in act-1909{in act-1919 numbers increased to 3}
●Gravitational redshift or Einstein shift;-
↪Is the process by which electromagnetic radiation originating from a source that is in a gravitational field is reduced in frequency
●Central Information Commission;-
↪consists of a Chief & not more than 10 -Information Commissioners
•appointed by the President{committee consisting PM as Chairperson,Leader of Opposition in LS and a Union Cabinet Minister nominated by PM
●Streptomyces;-
↪Is the largest genus of Actinobacteria and the type genus of the family Streptomycetaceae
●petrichor;-
↪ it refers to the warm, earthy fragrance we experience when rain hits dry ground 
(after a long period) is produced by bacteria. 

● The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam;-
↪it will be Africa’s largest hydropower dam on " Blue-Nile" river
●Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment (ATREE);-
↪Is a global non-profit organization
↪to generate rigorous interdisciplinary knowledge for achieving 'environmental conservation' & sustainable development for next generation
•HQ↪Bangalore
●Platanista gangetica minor;-(Indus river dolphin)
↪Is one of two subspecies of freshwater dolphins found in the Indian subcontinent
Other one is "Gangetic dolphin"{in Beas Conservation Reserve}
●Earth Overshoot Day;-
↪marks the date when we (all of humanity) have used more from nature than our planet can renew in the entire year
↪has been accelerating steadily,the best sums up cause for this “acceleration"is Consumerism(acquisition of consumer goods)
●Wilderness” areas;-
↪ are regions minimally impacted by human activities such as fishing, pollution and shipping
↪Most of these areas fell within
• Arctic region
•Antarctic region
• around Pacific Island Nations


● books "The Arctic Home of the Vedas’ and ‘Gita Rahasya"
↪authored by Bal Gangadhar Tilak
●National Family Health Survey-4(2015-16);-
•38.4% India’s children( below 5 yr)↪are stunted
•35.7%↪ are underweight.
•Article- 47 states that↪“the State shall regard raising the level of nutrition in public health among its primary duties”.
●Detection;-
↪Is the process of demonstrating that climate has changed(without providing a reason for that change)
•Attribution;-
↪Is the effort to scientifically ascertain mechanisms responsible for recent climate changes on Earth
●Sonam Wangchuk,;-
↪was responsible for revolutionising education in Ladakh through his Students’ Education and Cultural Movement of Ladakh (SECMOL)
↪Sonam Wangchuk’s ice stupas are inspired by Chewang Norphel’s (the “Iceman of India”) artificial glaciers in Ladakh
↪Phunsukh Wangdu🔧(role played by Aamir Khan in 3 Idiots) — said to be inspired by Sonam Wangchuk
↪Two Indians have joined the list of this year’s Ramon Magsaysay award winners – Sonam Wangchuk and Dr. Bharat Vatwani
●Ethiopia,South Sudan↪landlocked countries
•Sudan,Eritrea,Kenya ↪Coastal countries


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