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11 September 2018

●El Nino Southern Oscillation(ENSO);-
↪It is an irregular periodic variation of wind & sea surface temperature that occurs over the tropical eastern Pacific Ocean
•El Nino↪warming phase of ENSO
•La Nina↪cooling phase of ENSO
°UN sees 70% chance of El Nino event this year(El Nino is more frequent than La Nina)
●Rajiv Gandhi assassination case;-
↪Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated in1991 at Sriperumbudur in Chennai by a woman suicide bomber at an election rally
•Now Tamil Nadu govt. tried to invoke its remission powers under Section 432 of CrPC to release 7 convicts
•Article 161↪deals with Power of Governor to grant pardons,& to suspend, remit or commute sentences in certain cases
●Animal Welfare Board of India(AWBI);-
↪Is a statutory advisory body advising to GoI on animal welfare laws, & promotes animal welfare in the country of India
↪Board consists of 28 Members,who serve for a period of 3 years
•Accusing it of being lax in enforcement of rules that specify how wild animals can be depicted in films & TV programmes
●Historians oppose Monuments Bill;-
↪Act proposes to allow construction of Centre-approved public infrastructure within a 100 metre radius of ASI -protected monuments
•Prohibited Area↪an area of 100 meters around a protected monument
●Kartarpur Sahib pilgrim corridor;-
↪gurdwara in Kartarpur stands on the bank of Ravi, about 120 km northeast of Lahore.(here Guru Nanak assembled a Sikh community & lived for 18 years until death in 1539)
•Sikh jathas from India travel to Pakistan on four occasions every year⤵
_Baisakhi, martyrdom day of Guru Arjan Dev,death anniversary of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, birthday of Guru Nanak Dev
●Nomadic Elephant;-
↪annual bilateral exercise b/w 'Indian' Army & 'Mongolian' Armed Forces
•Mongolia↪world’s 2nd-largest landlocked country after 'Kazakhstan'

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