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UPSC IAS Prelims_12

 ●Gylphosate;-
↪It is an herbicide(chemical substances used to control unwanted plants)
↪It is applied to the leaves of plants to kill both broadleaf plants and grasses.
•Its use is restricted to tea plantations & non-crop in india [It prevents the plants from making certain proteins that are needed for plant growth]
●Sifting Cultivation;-{or jhum’ cultivation}
↪farmers clear a piece of land by slashing or cutting down trees & bushes.and then burnt which releases nutrients into soil
•NITI Aayog report has recommended a “mission on jhum cultivation” to ensure inter-ministerial convergence
↪Land under shifting cultivation dropped by 70% b/w 2000-2010
●Ethics Committee of Lok Sabha;-
↪examines every complaint relating to unethical conduct of a member referred to it
↪In 2015 it was given permanent Standing Committee status
↪K Advani has been renominated as Chairman
•Rajya Sabha was the first among the two houses to form an ethics committee
●MPATGM;-{developed by DRDO)
↪Is a third-generation anti-tank guided missile (ATGM)
↪Is reportedly boasts a top attack capability & has a maximum engagement range of about 2.5 KM
●India’s first ‘smart fence’ pilot project;-{launched along India-Pakistan International Border in Ploura,J&K}
↪Is expected to be a massive boon for 'monitoring security situations' in border areas
↪It'll make impossible for terrorists to infiltrate into Indian side of border
●Transhumance;-
↪Is the process of migration from plain areas to pastures on mountains during summers and again from mountain pastures to plain areas during winters
●CPCB report on river pollution;-
↪Number of polluted stretches(distance covers) of country’s rivers has increased to 351 from 302 two years ago
↪Maharashtra(49), Assam(28) & Gujarat↪ three States account for 117 of 351 polluted river stretches
•Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB);- ↪statutory organisation(constituted in 1974)
↪to promote cleanliness of streams & wells in different areas of the States
●First Backward Classes Commission;-
↪Was setup by a Presidential order adhering to article 340, [in 1953 under the chairmanship of 'Kaka Kalelkar']
●India's female workforce participation is among the lowest in the world (24%)
↪Share of women in india's workforce has fallen dramatically from 35% to 25% since 2004
●Scheme for Implementation of Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act,2016;-(SIPDA)
↪Provide comprehensive services to PwD
●Karachi Session,1931;-
↪Indian National Congress issued a declaration on FRs of citizens in India⤵
1)all citizens are "Equal before the law"
2)Universal adult suffrage
3)Woman shall have the right to vote etc.
●Commodification;-
↪Is the transformation of goods, services, idea & people in commodities or object of trade
●Changthangi or Pashmina goat;-
↪Inhabits the plateaus in Tibet & Ladakh in J&K
•Chiru↪is an antelope (native in Tibet)[Is reared for getting shatoosh wool]
●Uttarakhand Workforce Development Project(UKWDP);-
↪to improve the quality & relevance of training at priority Industrial Training Institutes(ITIs)
↪to increase the number of labour-market relevant workers through short term training in UK
●Mosses & Lichens;-
↪Are two rainforest residents grow on the surface of larger hosts,shrubs & even rocks
↪they are found in both rainforest & tundra type climates
●James Prinsep;-
↪Was founding editor of journal of "Asiatic Society of Bengal"
↪He is remembered for deciphering "Kharosthi & Brahmi Scripts of ancient india
●Mahavamsa;-
↪Is an epic poem written in pali language
↪Is related to history of "Sri Lanka"
●"Paramountcy" ;-{policy by Lord Hasting 1813-23}
↪Now East India Company claimed that its authority was Supreme
●Igloos;-
↪also known as a snow house or snow hut, ↪is a type of shelter built of snow, typically built when the snow can be easily compacted
●Mahalwari Settlement-System;-
↪By early Nineteenth century, Charge collecting of revenue & paying it to the company was given to village headman ,rather than Zamindar
●Susu;-{also called 'Blind Dolphin'}
↪found in fresh water of river Ganga & Brahmaputra
↪Is good an indicator of healthy river
●"The Future We Want" document;-
↪for promotion of sustainable future
↪was result of confrence of "Earth Summit 2012 at Rio"
●Special Drawing Rights(SDR);-
↪Is an international reserve asset created by IMF in 1969
↪SDR can be exchange for freely usable currencies
↪its value  determine on daily basis
●Sevagram;-{a small village}
↪In 1936, Gandhi ji set up his ashram in this village and lived there from 1936 to his death in 1948
●"Doctrine of Lapse"{ by Lord Dalhousie,1948}
↪If an indian rular died without a male heir then ' that Kingdom would become part of the company
●Asia Pacific Policy Group (APPG);-
↪examines cases of all countries on the grey & black lists and reports to FATF
↪Pakistan was placed in grey list for failing to curb terror funding
•Financial Action Task Force(FATF);-
↪Is an intergovernmental organization founded in 1989 on the initiative of G7 to develop policies to combat money laundering.(also included terrorism financing in 2001)
●Enhance Oil Recovery(EOR) technique;-
↪offer prospects for reducing more of the reservoir's original oil in place
↪Thermal recovery method involves increasing the reserve to pressurize it to eject out of the mine bed
●Soil tillage;-
↪To maintain infiltration capacity & soil aeration
↪It reduce the runoff & thereby control soil erosion
●UN body FAO with GoI has launched an agriculture project with $33.5 million grant from GEF
↪project aims to transform agricultural production to generate global environmental benefits [to be implemented in MP, Mizoram,Odisha,RJ & UK]
●Book " Poverty & Unbritish Rule in India"
↪Written by "Dadabhai Naorji"
●S.A.M.O.A pathway;-{came about 2004}
↪recognizes the adverse impact of climate change & sea - level rise efforts to achieve sustainable development
●Rowlatt Act,1919;-
↪allow British govt. to imprison person without due trail
●Financial Stability Board(FSB);-
↪Is an international body that monitor & makes recommendations about global financial system
↪was established by G-20 members
●Global Environment Monitoring System(GEMS);-
↪Is a global operation that collects information to better understand & protect the Earth' environment
●cyclotron↪is a type of particle accelerator
•Cyclone-30;-
↪country’s biggest cyclotron facility that will produce radioisotopes vital for diagnosis & treatment of cancer became operational
●Botnets;-
↪Is a network of private computers infected with malicious software & controlled as a group without the owner's knowledge
●Rhododendrons;-
↪Is a flowering plants
↪It is a state symbol of Sikkim & Uttarakhand
↪can be found in Eastern & Western Himalaya
●National Mineral Exploration Trust(MET);-
↪It is a non-profit body by central govt. for the purpose of regional & detailed exploration of minerals using funds by Central govt.
●Katchatheeva Island;-
↪It is an uninhabited island administered by Sri lanka & was a disputed territory claimed by India until 1976
↪Still disputes relating to Foraying of Indian fishermen
●Anti-Retroviral Therapy(ART);-
↪Is a treatment for HIV/AIDS
●Jojoba;-
↪Is endemic to Northern America
↪American  extracted oil form Jojoba seeds to treat sores & wounds
↪Biodiesel derived form jojoba can serve as substitute for petroleum diesel
↪Oil derived from jojoba show higher resistance than true vegetable oil🙏




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