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June 'Quick Revision' 2018

*DDU-GKY(MoRD):-focus on youth(15-35)from poor families.
Himayat - J&K{rural, urban}
Roshani - Across 9 states{rural}
* UN Security Council
Total members~>15
Permanent members ->5(US,UK,Russia,France &China 😙)
"Indonesia won against Maldives(2018)"
*G7 
->for Discuss burning issues in globe
(US,UK,France, Germany, Italy,Japan,Canada)
* Deocha-Pachamicoal block-->Birbhum(West Bengal)
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* Bankim chandra chattopadhyay;- Wrote
-> National song 'vande mataram'(originally in sanskrit)
->Ananda Math(1882)
->Durgeshandini(1865)1st bengali fiction
* Vigilance Commissioner;-
Appointment-> By President on recommendations of committee{PM,Union home minster& leader of opposition in LS}
Term-> 4 years or 65 years
* Lateral entry into Civil Services;-
->10 posts for Joint Secretary level officer
Eligibility->1) Individuals working in private sectors or NGO etc. with 15 years experience.
2)Minimum age ->40 years
{20% shortfalls of IAS cadre officer alone in 24 states😁}
* Seva Bhoj Yojana ( Union Mo Culture);-
To lessen the financial burden of Charitable religious institutions(CRI)
->CRI (which serve free food to at least 5000 people/month for 5 years

* 'EPIC' planet(K2-236b);-
ISRO spotted distant planet six times bigger than Earth& revolving around sun like star
PARAS-> Echelle(Ladder)Spectrograph ; Is a ground-based planet search device
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*PM Matru Vandana Yojana(PMMVY);-{MoW&CD}->Centrally Sponsored Scheme
60:40->Central:States&UT
90:10->Central:NE states
~>Conditional cash transfer scheme;-for pregnant &lactating women 19years or above and for first live birth in the family
*Credit Surety fund;-
Improve bankability of MSMEs & NGO etc
*Business Correspondents;-
Retail agents engaged by Banks for providing banking services other than ATM/Bank branch
*KATRIN Experiment;-(German acronym)
For an undertaking to measure the mass of electron antineutrino 
*Rail MADAD;-(Mobile application)
Complaint Online for immediate action and issues unique ID instantly 
*River Bhavani; (2nd largest in TN)
Tributary of the rever Cauvery 
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*Swachh Iconic places;-
To achieve higher level of sanitation/cleanliness in and around iconic places in the country
Phase-1
Vaishno Devi, J&K
Taj Mahal, UP
Tirupati Temple, Andhra Pradesh
Golden Temple, Punjab
Meenakshi Temple, Tamil Nadu etc.
Phase-2
Gangotri
Yamunotri
Mahakaleshwar Temple, Ujjain
Char Minar, Hyderabad
Gaya Tirth in Bihar
Somnath temple in Gujarat etc.
Phase-3
Pangong Lake (Leh-Ladakh, J&K) etc.
*Khadi & village industies Commission(KVIC);-it work on
plan, promote, facilitate, organise and assist in the establishment and development of khadi and village industries in the rural areas in coordination with other agencies engaged in rural development .
*Project Kashmir Super 50:-
Joint initiative of indian army,CSLR&PLL.
to provide free coaching for IIT-JEE,JKCET etc. to students from economically weaker section in kasmir region👌
*Maitri irrigation project:
The project was launched in January last year to boost growth to the Himalayan nation’s agricultural sector through enhanced facilities.
It was extended to 'Nepal-Bharat Maitri Irrigation Project'
*Atal Thinkering Laps(ATLs);-it's aim is
to foster curiosity, creativity and imagination in young minds
*FAME india scheme;-
With an aim to promote eco-friendly vehicles(electronic vehicles)
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* Sanchi Stupa;-(MP)
Built by->Ashok of Maurya Dynasty
~>Sanchi stupa's motif is on ₹200 note
UNESCO World Heritage Site-1989
*Nalanda University(Bihar);-Is a PG,research intensive, International University supported by East asia summit. (Most ancient University of the indian subcontinent.)
*North Eastern Council;-Is the nodal agency for the economic & social development of the N-E region{8 states including Sikkim}
Chairman->Union Home Minister
*Nikkei asia Prize(presented by Japan) ;-Is an award for people & organization that improved lives of people in asia.("F PM Manmohan singh& Narayan Murti " Indian won this prize)

*Lymphatic Filariasis(Elephantiasis);-Most debilitating neglected disease,Spread by Mosquitoes,
It is usually contracted in childhood below age 5 years
(Pic of LF attached)🤔 View — 
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●Ayushman Bharat Scheme;-
Ayushman Bharat is National Health Protection Scheme, which will cover over 10 crore poor and vulnerable families (approximately 50 crore beneficiaries) providing coverage upto 5 lakh rupees per family per year for secondary and tertiary care hospitalization. It will subsume the on-going centrally sponsored schemes - Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) and the Senior Citizen Health Insurance Scheme (SCHIS).
●Parental leave ;-
Parental leave or family leave is an employee benefit available in almost all countries.The term "parental leave" generally includes maternity, paternity, and adoption leave. A distinction between "maternity leave" and "parental leave" is sometimes made- maternity leave as the mother's leave time directly before and after childbirth and parental leave being the time given to care for newborns(also paid leave for father){india gov. planning to give 90 days parental leave}
●Swajal Scheme;-
It is a community owned drinking water programme for sustained drinking water supply .
Project cost-> 90% - Government &10%- community
•National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) ->started in 2009
Major emphasis on ensuring sustainability of water availability. Central sponsored scheme,50:50 fund sharing b/w Centre &State.
Water-> state subject
Rural water supply -> 11th Schedule(PRI)
●"Water productivity mapping of major indian crops"->
Is a BOOK published by NABARD(based on study of 10 important crops like -wheat, rice,pulses etc
●Mt Deotibba;-
2nd highest peak (6001m)in Pir-Panjal range in Himachal pradesh
●Apache helicoptes;-(India buying 6 AH-64E Apache helicopter from US)It is equipped with all-weather and night-fighting features
● Pinaka Rocket;-
It is a multiple rocket launcher produced in India and developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)
●The Atacama Large;-Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA);- It is an astronomical interferometer of radio telescopes in the Atacama Desert of northern Chile.
(It has uncovered convincing evidence for three young planets orbiting within a protoplanetary disk – or planet-forming disk – around an infant star. The star is called HD 163296. It’s 330 light-years from Earth)
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●Composite water management index(CWMI);-
CWMI's report is a step in a direction that aims to create awareness among people and governments about the realities of water crisis in the country.
•Best states-> Gujarat,MP, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra.
•Worst states->Jharkhand, Haryana, UP and Bihar.
N-E region->Tripura(rank 1)
● Artificial leaf;-(developed by IISc scholars)
Like living leaves, the device can turn the energy of sunlight directly into a chemical fuel that can be stored and used later as an energy source.
●Par-Tapi-Narmada inter-state river link project:-
This proposes to transfer water from the water surplus regions of Western Ghats to the water deficit regions of Saurashtra and Kutch
●Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (DRI);-It is an Indian intelligence agency & also India's chief anti-smuggling intelligence, investigations and operations agency.
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NITI Aayog;-Is a policy think tank of the Government of India, established with the aim to achieve SDGs and to enhance cooperative federalism by fostering the involvement of State Governments of India 
°Composition;- 
•Chairman->PM
•Governing Council;-CM of all states &Delhi,Puducherri).And Lt Governers of UTs(presently,A&N island)
•Regional Council;-These will be formed for specific issue & a specified tenure.{PM(chairman),CM of all states &Lt.Gov.of UTs,}
●Assumption Island;- is a small island in the Outer Islands of Seychelles north of Madagascar
●SAARC Development Fund;-
This was established by the heads of the eight SAARC Member States in April 2010. SDF have three Windows. They are Social, Economic and Infrastructure Windows.
•South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC);-8 members
{India, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, 
Nepal, Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka}
● Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG);-
is a group of nuclear supplier countries that seeks to contribute to the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons 
• Total members->48
India(trying since 2008)😱
●GLONASS( is a global satellite navigation system like GPS)->Russia
GPS -> USA
Galileo-> European Union.
IRNSS or NAVIC ->India.
Quasi-Zenith Satellite System (QZSS) ->Japan.
●Desertification;- Is the process by which natural or human causes reduce the biological productivity of drylands (arid and semiarid lands)
•United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) ;- to promote public awareness of international efforts to combat desertification
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●Banks Board Bureau (BBB);- 
Is an autonomous body of the Government of India having an aim to improve the governance of Public Sector Banks
●India BPO Promotion scheme (IBPS);-
To creation of employment opportunities for the youth, by Promotion of investment in IT/ITES Sector 
●National Data Centre(setup by NIC under MeitY);-{Bhopal will be the biggest centre}
The goal was to develop a comprehensive web-based central source for claim data & secured Internet web site. 
●International Classification of Diseases(ICD);-
The ICD is maintained by the World Health Organization (WHO), ICD is originally designed as a health care classification system
ICD-11;- identifies health trends and statistics worldwide
●Closed relatives(new definition by RBI);-
funds under the ‘ close relative’ sent only to parents, spouses, children and their spouses.
●Cop Connect;-
It is a mobile application developed by Telangana police for their internal communication purpose.
●Year of Disabled Soldiers: To honour soldiers who have been disabled in line of duty, Indian Army is observing the year 2018 as the ‘Year of Disabled Soldiers in Line of Duty’
to provide a onetime financial assistance to disabled soldiers

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●Failure of constitutional machinery in the State:
•President's rule-> art 356(except J&K)
•Governor's rule->art 370 & (92 section Constitution of J&K)
->If it is not possible to revoke Governor's rule within six months of imposition, the President's Rule under Article 356 of the Indian Constitution is imposed
●Offshore wind power -> is the use of wind farms constructed in bodies of water(ocean) high height(for higher wind speeds) •Target 5 GW -> 2022.
30 GW -> 2030
●National Digital Library of India (MoHRD);- ->developed by IIT Kharagpur(Under NMEICT)
->Objective of NDL is to make digital educational resources available to all citizens of the country to empower, inspire and encourage learning.
●The Centre for United Nations Peace Keeping (CUNPK);- Explores doctrines and techniques for creating conditions for sustainable peace in conflict-prone regions
Setup->New Delhi
●International Decade for Action on Water for Sustainable Development(2018-2028);-
->In order to accelerate efforts towards meeting water-related challenges,
~> Jointly organizing by Tajikistan and United Nations
●Social media communication hub (Facebook, Twitter, Instagram etc.);-
->To track down the influence-making social media users,
-> track real time receives news by people through(Social Media) on government’s schemes and announcements and also political events.
●World’s tallest girder railway bridge;-
-> Is being built in the North East(Jiribam-Tupul-Imphal railway line.){111km long}
●Chrysilla volupes;-
-> It is a spider belonging to the family of jumping spiders (Salticidae)
•found in -> Kerala(W Ghats)

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●Women Wizards Rule Tech’ programme;-
->It is a programme for women techies unveiled by NASSCOM.
•National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM) ->is a trade association of Indian Information Technology (IT) and Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) industry
●National Testing Agency(NTA);-
It will conduct all exams previously held by CBSE, AICTE and UGC(IIT,NEET -2019)
•Director-General of NTA->Vineet Joshi
●National Health Resource Repository (NHRR);-
->project aims to strengthen evidence-based decision making and develop a platform for citizens
●Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI);-
is an independent international institute dedicated to research into conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament
●United Nations Human Rights Council(UNHRC);- was established in 2006 ,with the aim of promoting and protecting human rights around the globe, as well as investigating alleged human rights violations
Total members->47
●Cross-border insolvency ;-
It regulates the treatment of financially distressed debtors where such debtors have assets or creditors in more than one country
●100th smart city->Shillong
●4th International Yoga Day(21 june 2018);-
Theme->Yoga for peace
●Gujarat gets world’s1st centre for humanitarian forensics;-
inaugurated at the Gujarat Forensic Sciences University (GFSU)

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● 2+2 Dialogue;-
With an aim at enhancing peace and stability across the Indo-Pacific region
•The India-U.S. “2 + 2 dialogue" would replace the existing India-U.S. Strategic and Commercial Dialogue for trade and commercial issues
●Greece crisis;
Eurozone nations have agreed on the final elements of a plan to get Greece out of its eight-year bailout program(unable to pay loan)
•Eurozone(19 nations of 27 EU);-Landlocked->Austria,Luxembourg,Slovakia)
Coastal->Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovenia & Spain.
● COMCASA;- Is necessitated by the US to ensure that the security of the communication equipment it provides is not compromised
● Pariwartan scheme ;- Is being considered to protect value of stressed power projects
->proposed plan also aims to stem the rise in bad loans in the power sector
●Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA);-
This law is aimed at effective prevention of unlawful activities associations in India.
->Its main objective is to make powers available for dealing with activities directed against the integrity and sovereignty of India

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●Ambubachi Mela(Mahakumbh of the East);-
->Is an annual Hindu mela held at Kamakhya Temple in Guwahati, Assam.
->celebrated during the monsoon season.
●Chabahar port(Iran);-
Iran’s Chabahar port is located on the Gulf of Oman and is the only oceanic port of the country.
->India can bypass Pakistan in transporting goods to Afghanistan.
●SDGs;-
1->No Poverty. 
2-> Zero Hunger
3->Good Health and Well-Being for People
4->Quality Education
5->Gender Equality
6->Clean Water and Sanitation
11->Sustainable Cities and Communities
13->Climate Action
14->Life Below Water
●Campaign to promote energy efficiency in the area of air-conditioning;-
to increase awareness and encourage consumers to adopt the guidelines
•normal human body temperature ->(36-37℃)
●UNISPACE (50 years) - to engage States and international organizations to further their cooperation in the peaceful uses of outer space.
•Space2030’ agenda;-
->will map out how spaceflight and space-related activities can help achieve SDGs
●Skoch Award;-
-> It celebrate human excellence and agents of change in Indian society. 
-> it is the highest independently instituted civilian honours in India
●Bharat 22 Exchange Traded Fund (ETF);-
->Is an open-ended mutual fund scheme with an objective to track and reflect the performance of its underlying index

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●Coordinated Patrol (CORPAT);- Is a major step towards the enhanced operational interaction between two Navies.
-> India has CORPATs with Indonesia, Myanmar ,Thailand & Bangladesh (agreed)
●Suryashakti Kisan Yojana (SKY) scheme;-
To promote solar energy( Gujarat )
●Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB);- Is a multilateral development bank with a mission to improve social and economic outcomes in Asia and beyond.
•HQ->Beijing.
•India is the second largest shareholder in AIIB after China
●Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC);-
Is a group of oil-producing nations that was first established in Baghdad(Iraq) in 1961
•Tight oil ->Is a type of oil found in impermeable shale and limestone rock deposits.
●RemoveDebris;- Is an European Union research project to develop and fly a low cost in-orbit demonstrator mission that aims to de-risk and verify technologies needed for future ADR (Active Debris Removal) missions
●Chilika Lake;- Is a brackish water lagoon, spread over the Puri, Odisha
•It is the largest coastal lagoon in India and the second largest lagoon in the world

●Chipko movement in delhi -> for tree protection in Delhi.(by locals and social organisations)
●Dornogovi province;- View — uploads.disquscdn.com 
Is one of the 21 provinces of Mongolia.
->It is located in the southeast of the country
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●Van Dhan Vikas Kendras;-
This initiative aims to promote(Minor Forest Produce )MFPs-centric livelihood development of tribal gatherers and artisans
->Van Dhan Scheme is an initiative of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs and TRIFED.
●'Women in Prisons’ report;-
->Published by MoWCD
●Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojna (Urban);-
Is launched by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (MoHUPA),
-> with an aim to Housing for All by 2022
In three phases ->100 cities,200 cities & leftover cities
●Common Application Software (ICDS-CAS);-
->POSHAN Abhiyaan empowers the frontline functionaries(Anganwadi Workers) by providing them with Smartphones.
•POSHAN Abhiyaan(National Nutrition Mission);-was launched by the Hon’ble Prime Minister(N Modi 🙂) on 8thMarch, 2018 in Jhunjhunu, Rajasthan.
●UN MSME Day-> 27th JUNE
•Micro-enterprise->below 10 employees
•Small enterprise-> below 50 employees
•Medium-sized enterprise->below 250 employees
●World Solar Bank;-
-> ISA plans to approach multilateral development banks (MDBs) such as Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) to create a special purpose vehicle (SPV) to specifically finance solar projects.
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●World Poverty Clock study(by Brookings Institute);-
->study defines poverty as living on less than $1.9 a day
•Nigeria ->87 million people(growing 6 people/minute )
•India->73 million people(decreasing 44 people/minute)
•Africa -> about two-thirds of the world’s extreme poor
●Enforcement Directorate;-(officers from IAS,IPS,IRS );-
->It is a law enforcement agency and economic intelligence agency responsible for enforcing economic laws and fighting economic crime in India.
●Dam Safety Bill, 2018;-
->Bill provides for constitution of a National Committee on Dam Safety to
•safe functioning & safety policies
•National Dam Safety Authority->examine the cause of any major dam failure etc.
●China–Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC);-Is a collection of infrastructure projects that are currently under construction throughout Pakistan(Gwadar )to China(Xinjiang)
●Board of Management(BoM) for cooperative banks;-
->RBI has come out with BoM for urban cooperative banks (UCBs)
->with the aim of strengthening the governance in these banks
●Solar panel recycling plant;-
Most parts of a solar module can be recycled including up to 95% of certain semiconductor materials or the glass as well as large amounts of ferrous and non-ferrous metals
•Photovoltaic(PV) solar panels absorb sunlight as a source of energy to generate electricity
●Mycorrhizal fungi;-
Is hosted by the trees in their roots to receive nutrients from the soil.
These fungi provide essential nutrients like NPK.
●Aldabra Tortoise;-
->Seychelles has gifted a pair of giant Aldabra tortoise to India.
->The pair will be kept at Hyderabad Zoo.
•IUCN conservation status -> Vulnerable
●World Food Prize;-
-> Is considered one of the most prominent global awards for individuals whose breakthrough achievements alleviate hunger and promote global food security.
•World Food Day -> October 16
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●Women Entrepreneurship Platform;-( NITI Aayog)
->This initiative is aimed at building an ecosystem for women across India to realize their entrepreneurial aspirations
●Export Credit Guarantee Corporation;-
-> It provides export credit insurance support to Indian exporters 
-> is controlled by Mo Commerce
•HQ-> Mumbai
●Higher Education Commission of India(MoHRD);-(Repeal of UGC act-1956)
->Focus of the Commission will be on improving academic standards and quality of higher education
●Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) Programme;-
-> Is an emergency fuel store of total 5 MMT (million metric tons)
•Now additional 6.5 'MMT' (SPR) facilities at two locations,
1)Chandikhol in Odisha 
2) Padur in Karnataka
●Ethanol{C2H5OH}Blended Petrol (EBP) Programme;-
->It was launched in January, 2003. The programme sought to promote the use of alternative and environment friendly fuels
●The Global Environment Facility (GEF);-
->was established on the eve of the 1992 Rio Earth Summit to help tackle our planet’s most pressing environmental problems
•total members->183 countries
●Solar Charkha Mission ;-
It will generate employment in rural areas and contribute to the green economy
●Sagarmala;-(Union Ministry of Shipping )
->this project seeks to develop a string of ports around India’s coast
●Udyam Sangam-2018(Ministry of MSME);
->It is an important effort in developing effective eco-systems for MSME sector.
●Sampark portal;-
->It is a digital platform to connect five lakh job seekers with recruiters(youth)
●National Export Insurance Account Trust:
-> Is to support project exports from the country that are of strategic and national importance.
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●Transformation of Aspirational Districts;- ->Scheme aims to quickly and effectively transform some of the most underdeveloped districts of the country.
•Delta ranking(by NITI Aayog);- 
->incremental progress for the Aspirational Districts on Basic Infrastructure,education,health, etc.
●Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan (MoHFW);-
->to provide free health check-ups to pregnant women at government health centres and hospitals.
• IPledgeFor9’ Achievers Awards ;-
->To identify and recognize excellence in performance in PMSMA
●ReUnite;-
->It is a mobile app launched by Indian Railways 
-> to track and trace missing and abandoned children in India
•Bachpan Bachao Andolan (BBA);-
->It is India’s largest movement for the protection of children 
●The International Organization for Migration (IOM);-
-> Is an intergovernmental organization that provides services and advice concerning migration to governments and migrants
HQ->Geneva, Switzerland
●Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW);-
->prohibits the use of chemical weapons and requires their destruction
->it granted new powers to assign blame for attacks
●Treasury bills;-
-> are instrument of short-term borrowing by the Government of India(issues by RBI)
●Statistics Day (29 June)
-> coin of ₹125 has been released
->The day marks 125th Birth Anniversary of Professor P. C. Mahalanobis
●Mission Shaurya;-
-> initiative of the Adivasi Vikas Vibhag of the Maharashtra State Government.
-> To Scaling Mount Everest(10 tribal students)

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