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September 'Quick Revision' 2018

●Uniform Civil Code (UCC);-
↪Is a proposal to have a generic set of governing laws for every citizen without taking into consideration the religion
•Article 44 of the Constitution says that there should be a Uniform Civil Code
•Reform family law;-{by Law Commission}
↪took a stand in favour of “equality ‘within communities’ b/w men & women” (personal law reform), “rather than ‘equality between’ communities” (UCC).
●Department of Official Language;-{set up in1975 under MoHA}
↪With a view to ensuring compliance of constitutional & legal provisions regarding official language & to promote the use of Hindi for official purposes of Union.
↪Part 17(Articles 343 to 351)dealing with official language 
•Hindi written in Devanagari script is the Official Language of the Union(English will continue to be used for all official purposes of the Union)
•Kanthasth(computer software)↪for translating all kinds of official files from English to Hindi & vice versa.
• Pravah (E-learning platform)↪Anybody can learn Hindi through his mother tongue with the help of this E-learning platform.(16 Indian languages including English)
●4th BIMSTEC summit;-{held in Nepal}
↪member states have signed a MoU for establishment of a Bimstec Gird Interconnection to enhance energy cooperation
•Theme↪Towards a peaceful, prosperous & sustainable Bay of Bengal region’
◆BIMSTEC" has 7 Countries {Bh-BIMST-Nepal}
•Bh↪Bhutan ,B↪Bangladesh,I↪India, M↪Myanmar, S↪Sri lanka, T↪Thailand,
●India Post Payments Bank;-
↪Is a public sector company with a 100% equity of GoI, & governed by RBI
↪It will focus on providing banking & financial services to people in rural areas, by leveraging reach of 1.55 lakh post office branches.
•Payments banks will mainly deal in remittance services & accept deposits of up to ₹1 lakh.
•It issue ATM/debit cards but not credit cards
●Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI);-
↪Is a statutory authority in charge of the waterways in India.• HQ↪ Noida, UP
•Jal Marg Vikas Project;-{expected to be completed in 2023}
↪seeks to facilitate plying of vessels with capacity of 1,500-2,000 tonnes in the Haldia- Varanasi stretch of the River Ganga
•NW 1↪Ganga-Bhagirathi-Hooghly river system from Allahabad to Haldia
●Pakal Dul hydropower project;-
↪1,000 megawatt hydroelectric power project on Marusadar River, a tributary of Chenab River, in J&K
●Lower Kalnai hydropower project;-
↪it involves construction of a 48MW hydroelectric power plant (dam, tunnel, powerhouse etc.)in J&K
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●Krishna Kutir;-{at Vrindavan in Mathura,UP}
↪Is a special home for 1000 widows set under Swadhar Greh scheme
•Swadhar Greh Scheme;-{launched by MoW&CD}
↪for rehabilitation of women in difficult circumstances.(provides shelter, food, clothing & care to the marginalized women/girls}
↪Agency should be well known for experience or working in the field for at least 3 years
●Indus Water Treaty,1960;-
↪Signed by then PM Jawaharlal Nehru & Pakistan President Ayub Khan(involving a third party "World Bank")
↪treaty allocates 80% of water from the six-river Indus water system to Pakistan
•India got control over rivers Beas, Ravi & Sutlej (whereas Pakistan got control over Indus, Chenab & Jhelum)
●6th East Asia Summit;-{held in Singapore}
↪Is a forum held annually by leaders of, initially, 16 countries(ASEAN+6).now US & Russia also
↪for strategic dialogue & cooperation on political, security & economic issues of common regional concern & plays an important role in regional architecture
●Association of Southeast Asian Nations( ASEAN);-
↪Is a political & economic organization aimed primarily at promoting economic growth & regional stability among its members
•currently have 10 member ↪From Myanmar to Indonesia(all Southeast Asian nations)
•If ASEAN were a country, it would be the seventh-largest economy in the world{India is Sixth largest economy}
●Public Credit Registry(PCR);-↪Is an information repository that collates all loan information of individuals & corporate borrowers
↪It can also address bad loan problem staring at banks
•RBI had formed a high-level task force on public credit registry (PCR) for India.
●Conservation of Western Ghats;-
•Gadgil Committee;-
↪Environment Ministry set up "Western Ghats Ecology Expert Panel" under Gadgil. ↪to make an assessment of the ecology & biodiversity of the Western Ghats & suggest measures to conserve
•Kasturirangan committee;-
↪to examine the Gadgil Committee report in a “holistic & multidisciplinary fashion in the light of responses received''

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●China-Maldives Friendship Bridge;-
↪is an iconic project of the Maldives & China in co-building the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road.
↪2-km bridge connects capital Male & neighboring Hulhule island 
●Exercise KAKADU;-{started in 1993}
↪is the premier multilateral regional maritime engagement exercise hosted(biennially)by the "Royal Australian Navy"
↪It will see participation from over 25 different countries including India & China.
●Ramon Magsaysay Award;-
↪It is awarded annually to individuals or organizations from Asia region for their altruistic & philanthropic service
↪Two Indians Bharat Vatwani & Sonam Wangchuk are among six declared winners of 2018
●Raxaul-Kathmandu railway line;-
↪India & Nepal have signed a MoU on preliminary engineering-cum-traffic survey

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●Draft rules for E- Pharmacies;-{Mo health
& family welfare}
↪to enable registration of e pharmacies & monitoring of their functioning
↪Apart from registration, e- pharmacies have to obtain a license from State govt. to sell the medicines online
↪medicines like cough syrup & sleeping pills, schedule x drugs will not be sold online ..etc.
●WHO Regional Committee for South-East Asia;-{established in 1948}
↪It meets in September every year to review progress & formulate resolutions in health development in the Region
•Countries↪°all BIMSTEC members{Bh-BIMST-Nepal} & Republic of Korea, Indonesia, Maldives & Timor-Leste
●Catalonia Crisis;-↪Catalonia is a semi-autonomous region in north-east Spain,which accounts 20.07% of Spanish GDP
•controversy↪Catalan nationalists have long complained that their region sends too much money to poorer parts of Spain, as taxes are controlled by Madrid.
●RBI's Banking Ombudsman Scheme;-
↪Banking Ombudsman is a quasi judicial authority 
↪It covers all kinds of banks like public sector,Private,Rural banks as well as co-operative banks.
↪with objective to strengthen grievance redressal mechanism for customers
↪asked all commercial banks having 10 or more banking outlets to have an independent internal ombudsman(IO) to review customer complaints that are either partly or fully rejected by the banks
•Ombudsman↪Is a senior official,who has been appointed by RBI to address grievances & complaints from customers
●Hope Mars Mission;-↪Is a space exploration probe mission to Mars, set to be launched by UAE in 2020. ↪it will become the first mission to Mars by any Arab or Muslim country
↪project will answer scientific questions about the Red Planet
●Drug-resistant superbug spreading;-
↪scientists warned that Staphylococcus epidermidis,a superbug resistant to all known antibiotics that can cause "severe" infections or even death
•Staphylococcus epidermidis↪is a bacteria related to the better-known & more deadly MRSA superbug.
•Superbug↪also called multiresistant,is a bacterium that carries several resistance genes
●Maralal Camel Derby↪Is Kenya’s best known & most prestigious camel race
●France bans smartphone use in schools
●4th International Ayurveda Congress (IAvC);-{held in Netherlands}
↪focused on promotion & propagation of Ayurveda in Netherlands & its neighboring countries of Europe
↪It's jointly organized with Indian Embassy in Netherlands
●Mauritius remains top source of FDI to India followed by Singapore
●Exercise 'logoRapid Trident'↪is an annual, multinational exercise that serves as the validation for Ukraine’s Ministry of Defence unit

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●International Women Entrepreneurs Summit-2018;-{held in Nepal}
↪to bring together achievers, women business leaders & other stakeholders with a focus on innovative economic transformation through discussions & collaborations.
↪organised by "South Asian Women Development Forum"
•Theme↪ “Equality begins with Economic Empowerment”
•South Asian Women Development Forum (SAWDF)↪is an autonomous,nonprofit organization based in Kathmandu,Nepal
●Poshan Maah(National Nutrition Month);-
↪It seeks to synergise all efforts by leveraging technology & intends to take nutrition awareness at grass root level by Jan Andolan 
↪being celebrated during the month of September across the Country{by MoWCD}
•POSHAN Abhiyaan↪aims to ensure service delivery & interventions by use of technology
●Draft charter of Patients’ Rights;-{by NHRC}
↪guidance document for govt. to formulate concrete mechanisms so that Patients’ Rights are given adequate protection & operational mechanisms 
↪draft charter includes 17 rights inspired by international charters with objective of consolidating these into a single document [like right to receive treatment without any discrimination]
●International Aviation Summit{held in New Delhi};-
↪jointly organised by Airports Authority of India, & IATA
↪India is expected to overtake Germany, Japan,Spain & UK within next 10 years to become world’s 3rd largest air passenger market
•International Air Transport Association (IATA);-
↪Is a trade association for the world’s airlines, supports airline activity & helps formulate industry policy & standards.
HQ↪Canada 
●Coffee Connect App;-
↪Will provides solution by harnessing power of mobility comprising latest technology in easing whole process of field(Coffee)
●Coffee KrishiTharanga services;-
↪aimed at providing customized information & services to increase productivity, profitability & environmental sustainability
◆Indian coffee, grown mostly in southern states[Karnataka(54%),Kerala (19%)& Tamil Nadu (8%)]
•Arabica & Robusta↪species of coffee

●Japan to test mini ‘space elevator;-
↪Mini-elevator will travel along cable from a container in one of the satellites(H-2B rocket) 
•Space elevator is a proposed type of planet-to-space transportation system
●'Inventory & Revival of Springs in the Himalayas for Water Security'Report;-{by NITI Aayog}
↪Nearly 30% of springs crucial to water security of people are drying & 50% have reported reduced discharge
•'Himalaya Calling'↪An awareness to action campaign as people's movement
●Indian Ocean Wave Exercise 2018 (IOWave18);-
↪to increase tsunami preparedness, evaluate response capabilities in each nation
↪India along with 23 other nations is participating in this major Indian ocean-wide tsunami mock drill organised by IOC of UNESCO
•Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission(IOC);-
↪aims to improve the governance, management processes of its Member States
●KAZ-IND 2018;-
↪It is a joint military exercise b/w India & Kazakhstan. to build & promote bilateral Army to Army relations

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●National Legal Services Authority’s (NALSA) compensation scheme;-
↪aims to ensure that opportunities for securing justice are not denied to any citizen by reasons of economic or other disabilities
•scheme provides compensation⤵
1) ₹ 5 to ₹ 10 lakh for “loss of life” & to gang rape survivors
2)₹4 to ₹7 lakh for 'rape & unnatural sexual assault'
3)₹2 to ₹3 lakh for 'loss of foetus'
4)₹7 to ₹8 lakh for victim of acid attacks..
●Swadesh Darshan Scheme;-{Mo Tourism}
↪with an objective to develop theme-based tourist circuits in the country
↪scheme is 100% centrally funded
•“Malanad Malabar Cruise Tourism Project’(Under Rural Circuit)in Kerala 
↪focuses on development of water based thematic cruise experiences in & around Valapattanam & Kuppam Rivers of Kannur District
●3rd Asia-Europe Meeting(ASEM);-{held in Seoul,S Korea}
↪Conference will reaffirm the universal value of human rights of older persons
•ASEM↪is an informal process of dialogue & cooperation bringing together European countries,Asian countries & ASEAN Secretariat
●National Mission on GeM;-
↪Is an online marketplace to facilitate procurement of goods & services by various Ministries 
↪It is aimed at creating awareness about GeM & train the buyers & sellers
↪It also aims to promote inclusiveness by empowering MSMEs, start-ups,SHGs etc.
●Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats;-
↪It would foster wildlife conservation in general with specific inputs for tiger in Project Tiger area & elephant in Project Elephant area
↪schemes would address the human wildlife conflict effectively & generate employment opportunities..
●New Ganga clean-up law;-
↪With an aim to clean the river Ganga
↪draft bill lays down provision for a National Ganga Council & a National Ganga Rejuvenation Authority to enforce law & protect the river which flows over 2500 km.
↪offenders(who pollute the river) may face a prison term of up to 3yrs Or a fine of up to ₹5 lakh

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●Battle of Haifa-1918;- 
↪fought by Imperial Services consisting mainly of Lancer Regiments of Indian Princely States against Ottoman Turks
°Haifa↪northern Israeli coastal city
•Haifa Day(23 Sept);-{by Indian Army}
↪to pay its respects to three Indian Cavalry Regiments – Mysore, Hyderabad & Jodhpur Lancers, that helped liberate Haifa
●Mobilise Your City (MYC)Programme;-
↪Is a global climate initiative for integrated urban mobility planning,which is supported by French & German Govt.
↪India & France have signed MYC(aims at supporting three pilot cities 'Nagpur,Kochi & Ahmedabad in their efforts to reduce their GHG emissions)
●Section 377 (of IPC);-
↪which came into force in 1862 – defines unnatural offences(consensual gay sex)
& Punished upto imprisonment for life
↪Court said gay sex among consenting adults is not an offence(based on Article 14,15,19,21)
•Law prohibits adoption of a child by a gay couple & Marriages b/w same-sex partners
●Atal Pension Yojana;- View — uploads.disquscdn.com 
↪minimum age of joining APY is 18 years & maximum age is 40 years
↪Central Government would also co-contribute 50% of total contribution or ₹1000 per annum
●Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA);-
↪Is an international assessment that measures 15-year-old students’ on reading, mathematics & science literacy in every 3 years.
↪India had taken part in PISA in 2009 & bagged 72nd rank among 74 participating countries.(then UPA government had boycotted PISA)
↪MoHRD officially decided to participate in PISA-2021(Is likely to be administered in schools in Chandigarh)
●COMCASA(Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement);-
↪Is one of the four foundational agreements that U.S. signs with allies & close partners to facilitate interoperability b/w militaries & sale of high end technology
↪this agreement would allow interoperability of India & US equipments (Is valid for a period 10 years)
●PM Jan Dhan Yojana;-
↪primary aim is to provide poor people access to bank accounts.(both urban & rural)
•Accident insurance↪upto ₹1Lakh for entire family{NOW ₹2 lakh}
•Life Insurance↪Only one person per family will get ₹30,000
•upper age limit hiked to 65yr from 60yr
●Kendriya Hindi Samiti;-{constituted in 1967}
↪It's a apex policy making body which lays guidelines for propagation & progressive use of Hindi as official language of union
●SLINEX-2018;-{'SL-IN-EX' started in 2005}
↪India,Sri Lanka joint naval exercise, previously held once in two years(now Annually)

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●Bharat ke Veer;-{govt. granted status of trust}
↪It aims to enable willing donors to contribute towards the family of a braveheart who sacrificed his/her life in line of duty(Indian Armed Forces)
↪Max ₹15 Lakh/family(exempted from Income Tax)
•Akshay Kumar & Gopichand(badminton)
have been included as trustees
●Chabahar Port;-
↪Is located on the Gulf of Oman & is the only oceanic port of Iran
↪India can bypass Pakistan in transporting goods to Afghanistan
•Iran will handover strategic Chabahar port to an Indian company within a month
●MOVE:(1st Global Mobility Summit);-
↪aims to bring together stakeholders from across the sectors of mobility & transportation to co-create a public interest framework to revolutionize transport
•Mobility↪Is what keeps the engine of life running, it is a key to unlock the potential of India’s economy & people
●Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty(CTBT);-
↪Is the Treaty banning all nuclear explosions – everywhere, by everyone to ensure a world free of atomic weapons
↪Treaty can only enter into force after it is ratified by 8 Countries with nuclear capacity (US,China,India,Iran,Israel, North Korea, Pakistan)
↪Although 180+ countries have signed CTBT
●NASA’s Cassini spacecraft;-
↪scientists spotted a warming,high-altitude jet stream with a hexagonal shape at "Saturn’s northern pole"
•Cassini Mission;-{launched in 1997)
↪Is a cooperation b/w NASA, European Space Agency & Italian Space Agency
•Cassini–Huygens is an unmanned spacecraft sent to the planet Saturn
●Kepler Mission;-{launched in 2009}
↪designed to survey our region of the Milky Way galaxy to discover hundreds of Earth-sized & smaller planets in or near the habitable zone
•Kepler space telescope;-{by NASA}
↪has led to the discovery of over 2,300 planets so far
●Eight Avian Species Declared “Extinct”;-
↪Four out of eight species declared extinct belong to Brazil
↪Spix’s macaw, poo-uli,glaucous macaw etc.⬆
•By"BirdLife International"↪Is a global partnership of conservation organisations that strives to conserve birds,their habitats
•Important Bird & Biodiversity Area(IBA)↪Is an area identified using an internationally agreed set of criteria as being globally important for conservation of bird populations
●Bonnethead shark;-
↪It's first known omnivorous shark species identified by scientists recently
↪Is a very abundant, small hammerhead that is found in American continents only

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●HIV/AIDS Act, 2017;-
↪provide safeguards rights of people living with HIV & affected by HIV such as⤵
•Govt. are obliged to provide for anti-retroviral therapy(ART) 
•Provisions for any discrimination practised against a person with HIV/AIDS
•It also provides for an ombudsman to inquire into complaints
•Patients receiving anti-retroviral therapy (ART) treatment currently stands at 25.82% against global 41%
•21 lakh persons estimated to be living with HIV in India
●e-VidyaBharati (tele-education) and e-AarogyaBharati (tele-medicine)[e-VBAB];-
↪Project is hailed as a digital bridge of knowledge and health b/w India & Africa.
• e-VBAB Network Project will be completely funded by GoI for its entire duration & will be open for all our partner countries in Africa
●Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana;-{launched in 2015}
↪scheme’s objective is to refinance collateral-free loans given by lenders to small borrowers (There are three types of loans under PMMY⤵
•Shishu (up to ₹50,000)
•Kishore (from ₹50,001 to ₹5 lakh)
•Tarun (from ₹500,001 to ₹10,00,000)
°Next crisis in banking sector could come from small loans given to unorganized sector
●Apsara Nuclear reactor;-
↪Is the oldest of India’s research reactors. ↪reactor was designed by the Bhabha Atomic Research Center (BARC) & built with assistance from United Kingdom
•Apsara is now operational as ‘Apsara-U’ (upgraded version) on Trombay campus of Maharashtra
•Apsara reactor is utilized for various experiments like radiation damage studies, forensic research etc.
●Model International Center for Transformative AI (ICTAI);-{Based in Bengaluru}
↪aims to conduct advanced research to incubate AI-led solutions in three important areas – healthcare, agriculture & smart mobility (to develop AI foundational frameworks, tools & assets, including curated datasets & unique AI algorithms)
●Hindustan Shipyard Limited (HSL);-
↪Is a shipyard located in Visakhapatnam
↪now gearing up to undertake sea trials of India’s first missile tracking ship to strengthen country’s strategic weapons programme
●Yudh Abhyas 2018;-{held Chaubattia in Uttarakhand}
↪Is a joint military training Exercise b/w India & US
●Rail Sahyog;-{ web portal}
↪It will provide opportunity for industry, companies, associations to collaborate with Indian Railways.&(creation of amenities which will be beneficial for passengers)

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●Block Chain Technology;-
↪Is a decentralized, distributed & public digital ledger that is used to record transactions across many computers
•Cabinet has approved MoU on Collaborative Research on Distributed Ledger & Block Chain Technology
@1 Bitcoin = ₹4,65,212
●Ethanol Blended Petrol Programme;-
↪to promote the use of alternative & environmental friendly fuels
•Ethanol blending↪Is a process of blending (mixing) ethanol with petrol
●Khirki Mosque;-
↪lies on Khirki village in South Delhi 
•ASI(delhi circle) discovered a hoard of 254 Copper Coins in premises of Khirki Mosque
•Mosque was built by "Khan-i-Jahan Junan Shah"{PM of Firoz Shah Tughluq (1351-88)}
●e-cigarettes;-
↪Tamil Nadu also prohibited manufacture, import,sale & distribution of e-cigarettes {After Punjab, Karnataka, Kerala, Mizoram, J&K, UP & Bihar}

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●District Disability Rehabilitation Centre 
(DDRCs);-
↪Provide comprehensive services to persons with disabilities
•National Conference of District Disability Rehabilitation Centres’↪is organized for taking the message of DDRCs further
•310 districts have been identified & 263 DDRCs have been set up.
●Section 498A of IPC;-
↪Was enacted to protect women from cruelty in matrimonial homes, its misuse to harass the other side too is causing social unrest
•S Court↪accused can now seek anticipatory bail
●Exporting Corruption Report;-{released by "Anti-corruption organisation Transparency International"}
↪Rating countries based on their enforcement against foreign bribery under OECD Anti-Bribery Convention
↪China, Hong Kong, India & Singapore (2%+or more of world exports), but not parties to the OECD (Anti-Bribery) Convention 
↪are classified for the first time & all fall into the lowest level (little or no enforcement)
●Nuclear Suppliers Group(NSGs);-
↪Is a multinational body concerned with reducing nuclear proliferation by controlling export & re-transfer of materials (nuclear weapons) 
•India sought membership of NSG since 2008 But(😔 China has stuck to its stand that new members should sign Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT)
•NSG member state gets⤵
↪information on nuclear matters.
↪become part of a very transparent process
↪Can act as an instrument of harmonization & coordination etc.
●Dairy Processing & Infrastructure Development Fund ;-
↪to bring more dairy farmers into organised milk marketing through cooperatives
↪borrowers will get the loan @ 6.5% per annum(for 10 years)
↪scheme will generate direct(40k) and indirect(1 lakh) employment opportunities
●NASA’s Orion spacecraft;-
↪Is built to carry a crew of four astronauts to the Moon & beyond
•It is built together with ESA
●National Water Awards;-{by Mo Water Resources}
↪With objective to encourage all stakeholders including NGOs, Gram Panchayats, Individuals etc. for adopting innovative practices of recycling & reuse of water

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●Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY)
↪Is a conditional cash transfer scheme for pregnant & lactating women of 19 years of age or above for 'first live birth'😉
•Matru Vandana Saptah↪marked the anniversary of PMMVY
●Swayangsiddha Initiative;-{by WB govt.}
↪Swayangsiddha(which means self-reliance)Scheme to combat human trafficking
•As per NCRB data West Bengal has highest recorded case of trafficking among States
●HIV Estimations Report 2017;-{released by "(NACO)";-
↪India had around 21.40 lakh people living with HIV [They were 21.17 lakh in 2015]
•National AIDS Control Organisation(NACO);-
↪It provides leadership to HIV/AIDS control programme in India
●Government moves to stabilise rupee;-😐
↪plan to check “non-essential imports” & boost exports 
•Restrictions on "Masala bonds"↪are bonds issued outside India but denominated in Indian Rupees
●India’s first indigenous anti-nuclear medical kit;-{developed by Institute of Nuclear Medicine & Allied Sciences (INMAS)}
↪that may ensure protection from serious injuries & faster healing of wounds resulting from nuclear warfare or radioactive leakage
●Chiller Star Labelling Program;-
↪Is an ambitious program to encourage deployment of Energy Efficient chiller systems in the country
↪will promote advancement technology for central HVAC (Heating, ventilation, & air conditioning) systems 
●ICESat- 2 mission;-{by NASA}
↪will measure the average annual elevation change of land ice covering Greenland & Antarctica
●Hindi Diwas;-{14 Sept}
•WHY↪Constituent assembly of India adopted Hindi as official language of the country on September 14, 1949 (under Article 343)
●EyeROV TUNA ;-
↪ India’s first underwater robotic drone 
•It is designed to perform visual inspection & surveys of submerged structures up to depth of 100 metres
●Nahargarh Biological Park;-
↪located on Delhi-Jaipur National Highway in Aravalli foothills,[nearly 12Km from Jaipur]
↪Lions in this park were brought from Junagarh

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●Govt. to merge Dena Bank, Vijaya Bank & Bank of Baroda to create India’s third largest bank(after SBI & HDFC Bank)
↪with an aim to facilitate consolidation among Nationalised Banks to create strong & competitive banks(at national & international level)
●Sifting Cultivation;-{or jhum’ cultivation}
↪farmers clear a piece of land by slashing or cutting down trees & bushes.and then burnt which releases nutrients into soil
↪now crops are grown for few years
•NITI Aayog report has recommended a “mission on jhum cultivation” to ensure inter-ministerial convergence
●Asia Pacific Policy Group (APPG);-
↪examines cases of all countries on the grey & black lists and reports to FATF
↪Pakistan was placed in grey list for failing to curb terror funding
•Financial Action Task Force(FATF);-
↪Is an intergovernmental organization founded in 1989 on the initiative of G7 to develop policies to combat money laundering.(also included terrorism financing in 2001)
●India Cooling Action Plan (ICAP);-
↪to provide sustainable cooling & thermal comfort for all while securing environmental & socio-economic benefits for the society
↪India is the first country in world to develop such a document (ICAP)
•Goals⤵
↪Reduction of cooling demand(by 20% to 25 %)& Reduction of refrigerant demand(by 25% to 30%)by year 2037-38.etc.
●India’s first ‘smart fence’ pilot project;-{launched along India-Pakistan International Border in Ploura,J&K}
↪Is expected to be a massive boon for 'monitoring security situations' in border areas
↪It'll make impossible for terrorists to infiltrate into Indian side of border
●World’s first hydrogen train;-{by Germany}
↪Hydrogen trains are equipped with fuel cells that produce electricity through a combination of hydrogen & oxygen
●Maharashtra to set up cyber varsity;-
↪dedicated to mitigating cyber threats
•New Cyber University will train 3,000 professionals to fight online space cyber attacks,Internet crimes etc.

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●Defence Acquisition Council (DAC);-
↪to counter corruption & speed up decision- making in military procurement
•DAC has approved procurement of⤵
1)Akash Missile Systems
2)Individual Under Water Breathing Apparatus (IUWBA)↪for Development
of T 90 Tanks
●zonal councils;-{statutory bodies}
↪they are only deliberative & advisory bodies.(to promote interstate cooperation and coordination)
•Union Home Minister(Chairman)
●‘e-Sahaj’ portal;-{under Mo Home Affair}
↪portal will facilitate an applicant to submit application online & also to view the status of his application
●International Telecommunication Union (ITU);-{founded in 1865}
↪Is an agency of United Nations (UN) to coordinate telecommunication operations & services throughout the world
•Members↪193 including all UN member states(except Republic of Palau)+Vatican City
●Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojna (PMFBY);-
↪Providing financial support to farmers suffering crop loss/damage arising out of unforeseen events
•Modified guidelines⤵
°Include perennial horticultural crops 
°add on coverage for crop loss due to attack of wild animals
°Aadhaar number will be mandatorily etc.
●Pluto a planet again!
↪Pluto was discovered in 1930,(as 9th planet)
•In 2006, International Astronomical Union (IAU) laid down three conditions that must be fulfilled for a celestial body to be termed as a planet⤵
1)It must be round 🙋
2) it must orbit the sun
3) it must have “cleared neighbourhood” of its orbit.
And Pluto was rejected as a planet[Pluto shares its orbit with frozen gases & objects in Kuiper belt]
↪Scientists are arguing that denying Pluto planetary status is invalid & erroneous [planet doesn't have any support in research literature on which basis Pluto was rejected]
•Pluto has 5 known moons,('Charon' is the largest)

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●Triple talaq Ordinance;-(New amendments⤵)
1)↪allow magistrate to grant bail ‘after hearing the wife’(offence remains non-bailable)
2)↪police would lodge FIR only if approached by the victim (wife),her blood relations or relatives by virtue of her marriage
3)↪Now, a magistrate can use his powers to settle the dispute b/w a husband & his wife
•law doesn’t affect J&K
•India and 22 other countries(including Pak,Bangladesh) have banned triple talaq
●Atomic Energy Commission;-{setup in 1948}
↪Is a governing body of Department of Atomic Energy(DAE is under the direct charge of PM)
↪to organise research in atomic scientists in country & promote nuclear research
●Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM);-
↪Is a poverty alleviation scheme implemented by Union Mo Rural Development to promote self-employment & organization of rural poor
•Scheme is implementing across the country in all States & UTs (except Delhi & Chandigarh)
◆Cabinet approved extension of timeline (1year) for implementation Special Package(without linking it with poverty ratio) under DAY-NRLM for J&K
●Dam Rehabilitation & Improvement Project (DRIP);-
↪Would be a six-year project with assistance from World Bank
↪Project will improve the safety & operational performance of selected existing dams
●Global Environment Facility (GEF);-{was established in 1992 Rio Earth Summit}
↪It is an international partnership of 183 countries,to addresses global environmental issues
•'World Bank' serves as the GEF Trustee
◆UN body FAO has launched an agriculture project with $33.5 million grant from GEF
↪project aims to transform agricultural production to generate global environmental benefits [to be implemented in MP, Mizoram,Odisha,RJ & UK]
●Cyclone-30;-
↪country’s biggest cyclotron facility that will produce radioisotopes vital for diagnosis & treatment of cancer became operational
•cyclotron↪is a type of particle accelerator
●Exercise Aviaindra-18;-
↪Is an Air Force level exercise[bi-annual]
b/w India & Russian Federation
↪aim of the exercise is focused towards anti-terrorist operations
●India-Bangladesh Friendship Product Pipeline Project;-
↪Pipeline through which refined diesel will be supplied to Bangladesh from India
↪Project involves construction of 130Km pipeline that will connect Siliguri in 'West Bengal' & Parbatipur in 'Bangladesh'

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●Decriminalisation of politics;-
Court↪disqualify candidates,(who are facing serious criminal cases against them)
•Section 8 RPA,1951 ↪disqualifies a person convicted with a sentence of two years or more from contesting elections
◆Possible ways for Decriminalisation of politics(by Supreme court)
1)Political parties refuse tickets😀
2)RP Act should be amended🤐
3)fast-track courts should decide the cases of tainted legislators quickly👀
•187(34.4%)MPs in Lok Sabha face criminal charges[113 face serious criminal charges]
●Motivated propaganda;-{should be paid news}
↪repeated publication of propaganda lauding the achievements of a candidate in an election. [candidates with a strong network of connections will exploit their sphere of influence in society]
●Severe acute malnutrition;-
↪Is defined by a very low weight for height
(Is a major cause of death in children under 5)
•About 2/3rd of these children live in Asia and almost 1/3rd live in Africa
●Prison reforms;-
↪to look & tackle into the problems in jails
•NHRC report on prisoners;-
°prisoners cut off from family had 50% more chance of committing suicide than those outside
°Average suicide rate in prisons (16.9/1lakh) is over 50% more than in normal conditions
°33% vacancy of prison officials still lies vacant
●National e-Vidhan App;-
↪It makes information available on digital platform about day to day functioning of Legislative Houses
•e-Vidhan Project;-{under Digital India Programme}
↪Is a project to digitize & make functioning of State Legislatures paperless
●Prithvi Defence Vehicle (PDV) Mission;-{by DRDO}
↪Is a mission for engaging the targets in exo-atmosphere region at an altitude above 50 km of the earth’s atmosphere
•India successfully conducted an interceptor missile test from Abdul Kalam Island,(earlier known as Wheeler Island)at odisha coast
●Tx2’ programme;-{by World Wildlife Foundation}
↪aims to double world tiger population by 2022,(which is the year of tiger in Chinese calendar)
•Nepal is set to become first country in world to double its tiger population [235 wild tigers from around 121 in 2009]
•13 tiger range countries are⤵
[Indo-China,Russia,Thailand & Vietnam etc.]

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●Ease of Living index-2018;-{released by Mo Housing & Urban Development }
↪Index rank 116 cities(with 1M+ population or Smart/capital cities)
•On four parameters⤵
1)Institutional (governance)↪25 Points
2)Social (health, security etc.)↪25 points
3)Economic (employment etc.)↪5 points
4)Physical factors(pollution etc.)↪45 points
•Andhra Pradesh topped followed by Odisha & MP 
●Zonal councils;-{statutory bodies}
↪they are only deliberative & advisory bodies.(to promote interstate cooperation and coordination)
•Union Home Minister(Chairman)
•Central Zonal Council↪[Chhattisgarh, Uttarakhand,UP & MP]
●Indian Culinary Institute;-{Culinary↪arts of cooking}
[inaugurated at Tirupati,Andhra Pradesh]
↪to preserve,promote & disseminate Indian Cuisine(style of cooking)
●Swadesh Darshan Scheme;-{Mo Tourism}
↪with an objective to develop theme-based tourist circuits in the country(high tourist value)
↪scheme is 100% centrally funded
•First Tribal Circuit Project under SDS will be inaugurated in Chhattisgarh(this is 2nd project under SDS being inaugurated in country)
●Study on Spending on education & health care;-{by Institute for Health Metrics & Evaluation (IHME) at request of World Bank}
↪based on analysis of data from sources, including government agencies, schools, & health care systems)
•India ranks 158th among 195 countries
↪Better than PAK(164), Bangladesh(161), Afghanistan(188)
●SDG Media Compact;-
↪Is an initiative marking a new drive to advance awareness of SDGs (by embrace media companies)
●Financial Inclusion Index;-{released by Department of Financial Services,Mo Finance }
↪to measure of access & usage of formal financial products & services (like remittances,insurance etc.)
•On three measurement dimensions⤵
1)Access to financial services.
2)Usage of financial services.
3)Quality
Psbloansin59minutes.com ! 
{launched by Mo Finance & Corporate Affairs}
↪This web portal will approval "Psb-loans-in 59minutes" for MSME upto ₹ 1Crore
↪reduces the turnaround time from 20-25 days to 59 minutes

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●Centre of Excellence for Data Analytics (CEDA);-
{Setup jointly by National Informatics Centre (NIC) & NIC Services Incorporated (NICSI)}
↪Aims to support Govt. departments to unlock hidden potential of data that they are generating & use it to improve the overall governance
●Aadhar verdict;-
↪SC has upheld Aadhaar scheme as constitutionally valid as it served “larger public interest” especially poor.
•Where Aadhaar is not needed⤵
°for school admissions.(& entrance examinations like IIT,NEET etc.)
°linking with mobile no.
°for opening a bank account 
•Where Aadhaar is mandatory⤵
°Linking of PAN with Aadhaar.
° for filing of IT returns 
°government schemes(subsidies)
●SC declared Section 497 of IPC as unconstitutional;-
•Sec-497 of IPC↪If a man has sexual intercourse with another wife without husband's consent,he will be guilty of 'offence of adultery'
↪As per Sec-497, a woman whose husband has had sexual intercourse with another woman cannot file a complaint
•Therefore, it should be struck down for violation of Articles 14, 21
●Agmark online system;-
↪an online platform for processing applications related to quality certification mark ‘Agmark’ for agricultural products
•Agmark↪is certification mark that assures conformity to set of standards approved by Govt.
●WAYU (Wind Augmentation Purifying Unit);-{remember as Hawa(air or wayu)}
↪Is an Air pollution control device
↪device has the capacity to purify air in an area of 500 meter square
↪device consumes only half a unit of electricity for 10 hours of running
•developed by CSIR-NEERI,Do Science & Technology
●Umbrella scheme of Border Infrastructure & Management (BIM);-
↪projects are being implemented in 17 states having the international borders
↪Centre has approved ₹8,606 crore to meet special development needs of people living in those areas
●International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons;-{26 September}
↪provide an occasion(opportunity) for world community to educate public & their leaders about real benefits of eliminating such weapons

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●Sabarimala temple opens to women of all ages;-
↪Women b/w age of 10 to 50 could not traditionally enter Sabarimala temple as they were considered 'impure' by virtue of being of reproducting age & hence mensurating
•Sabarimala↪is a Hindu pilgrimage centre located at Periyar Tiger Reserve in Kerala.
●Model Code of Conduct(MCC);-
↪These are the guidelines issued by Election Commission of India for conduct of political parties & candidates during elections [To ensure free & fair elections]
•Election Commission has announced that MCC comes into force immediately in states where legislative assemblies have been dissolved prematurely
●Lokpal;-↪Is an anti-corruption authority or ombudsman who represents the public interest
•Lokpal will have the power of superintendence & direction over any investigation agency including CBI for cases referred to them by ombudsman
•Govt. has constituted eight-member search committee headed by former 'Supreme Court judge', to recommend names for posts of Lokpal chairperson & members
●#LooReview Campaign;-{by Mo Housing & Urban Affairs, under SBM}
↪It is aimed to encourage all local guides in India to rate and review public toilets on "Google" Maps
●UN Sustainable Development Framework (UNSDF);-
•NITI Aayog & United Nations in India have signed Sustainable Development Framework for 2018-2022
↪to support of achievement of India’s key national development priorities & Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
●Fighting fake drugs through blockchain;-
↪NITI Aayog has signed an agreement with cloud services provider Oracle & others to curb the distribution of fake drugs using new technologies like blockchain & IoT software
●Sustainable Alternative Towards Affordable Transportation (SATAT) Initiative;-
↪to set up Compressed Bio-Gas (CBG) production plants & make available CBG in the market for use in automotive fuels
•Compressed Bio-Gas(CBG);-
↪Is exactly similar to commercially available natural gas in its composition & energy potential[It has potential to replace CNG in automotive, industrial & commercial uses in the coming years]
↪It can be produced from various bio-mass/waste sources, including agricultural residue, cattle dung etc.
●Parakram Parv;-
↪To showcase courage,valour & sacrifice of Armed Forces during Surgical Strikes conducted in 2016
•Is being observed from 28-30 September 2018

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