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UPSC IAS Prelims_16

●Wage compensation scheme for pregnant women in tea gardens;-{launched by Assam govt.}
↪scheme is aimed at providing better health & nutrition supplements to the pregnant women [amount of ₹12,000 will be given to the pregnant women in 4 instalments]
●Dubashes;-
↪they were Indian who could speak two languages_ the local language & English
↪they were intermediaries b/w Indian Society & British [in colonial city of Madras]
●Age of Consent Bill;-
↪bill would have raised the marriage age of girl from 10 years to 12 years
•B G Tilak opposed the bill stating "Govt.(British) shouldn't dictate our social customs or way of living in India"
●Curzon-Kitchener Controversy,1905;-
↪led to resignation of Lord Curzon as Viceroy
●Indian Depository Receipts(IDRs);-
↪Is an instrument denominated in Indian rupees in the for of depository receipt
↪Foreign company can access indian securities market for raising fund through issue of IDRs
●Sannyasi Rebellion;-{in late 18th century}
↪took place around Murshidabad(W. Bengal) against East India Company
↪Historians refer to it as early war for india's independence form British rule
●Chikungunya Fever;-
↪Is a mosquito-borne virus disease
↪currently,there is no commercial Chikungunya vaccine
•US developed first vaccine for Chikungunya fever which is made from an "Insect-specific Eilat Virus"
●Trade Union Act,1926
↪laid down condition for registration and regulations of trade union activities
•Trade Disputes Act,1929
↪forbade trade union activities of coercive or purely political in nature
●International Court of Justice(ICJ);-
↪Is the principal judicial body of the UN. Established in 1946
↪It has two primary functions
1)to settle legal disputes submitted by States
2) to act as an advisory board on issues submitted to it by authorized international organizations
•HQ↪Hague,Netherlands
◆ICJ has ordered US to lift sanctions on Iran that affect imports of humanitarian goods, products & services linked to the safety of civil aviation
●Hunter Commission;-
↪was setup under the tenure of Lord Ripon[Governor-General of India(1880-1884)]
↪to reform in "Education"
●100k Genome Asia Project;-
↪Is a non-profit consortium with an ambitious plan to sequence 100,000 Asian individuals(including 50k Indians) in hopes of accelerating precision medicine applications for Asian populations.
↪enhance our understanding of several rare and inherited diseases, as well as chronic diseases such as cancer, diabetes & cardiovascular disease
●Antipode;-
↪Is spot points on Earth surface
↪If a straight line connects two Antipode, It would pass through Earth's Centre
●C Rajagopalachari's formula;-
↪to solve the political deadlock b/w All India Muslim League and Indian National Congress on Independence from British rule
●National Council for Vocational Education and Training (NCVET);-
↪Will help to achieve twin objectives of enhancing aspirational value of vocational education and of increasing skilled manpower
↪also expected to facilitate ease of doing business
◆Union Cabinet merged 'National Council for Vocational Training (NCVT)' and 'National Skill Development Agency (NSDA)' into ↪'NCVET'
●Wing Loong II;-
↪Is a 'drone'(drone drone drone....Not Aircraft ] that can carry bombs and air-to- surface weapons
↪It is designed for both reconnaissance and strike missions
•China has agreed to sell 48 Wing Loong II high-end armed drones to Pakistan
●Rampa Rebellion,1879
↪It was against British govt. & Zamindars in the hill tracts of Visakhapatnam
↪Ban of toddy tapping was an important factor behind that
●World Bank’s Human Capital Index;-
↪It claims to seek to measure the amount of human capital that a child born today can expect to attain by age 18
•HCI has three components⤵
1.Survival1.Survival, as measured by under-5 mortality rates.
2.Information on the quantity & quality of education.
3.Health environment[ adult survival rates & the rate of stunting for children U-5
•HCI vs HDI
↪HCI excludes per capita income whereas HDI uses it
↪And Introduction of quality adjustment in learning makes HCI far less representative of HDI than Index claims it to be
•HCI in India for females is marginally better than that for males
•HCI for India has been estimated at 0.44 [means child born in India today will be only 44% as productive]
●Global Hunger Index-2018;-{released annually by 'Welthungerhilfe & Concern Worldwide'}
↪GHI scores are based on 4 main indicators⤵
1.UNDERNOURISHMENT↪ reflecting insufficient caloric intake
2.CHILD WASTING↪low weight-for-height U-5
3.CHILD STUNTING↪low height-for-age(U-5)
4.CHIL MORTALITY↪deaths per 1000 live birth(U-5)
•India ranked at 103 out of 119 countries
●Younghusban's Mission to Tibet;-(1904)
↪to temporary invasion by British Indian forces under the auspices of the Tibet Frontier Commission
●Dorand Commission(1893);-
↪was setup to "define the 'Durand Line' b/w India & Afghanistan [Now Pakistan & Afghanistan]
●Red Shirts Movement;-{1929}
↪was launched by "Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan" to oppose the British in india's North-west Frontier Province
●International Court of Arbitration;-{seat is located in Paris}
↪for resolving international commercial and business disputes worldwide.
•Arbitration(resolving disputes b/w organisation & its employees)↪an independent third party analyses & make recommendations which are binding on the parties concerned.
•Conciliation↪arrive at a decision by agreement b/w them
●Wind Energy;-
↪India has the fourth largest installed wind power capacity in the world [behind China, USA,Germany]
↪"Tamil Nadu" has the largest capacity installed of wind energy followed by Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan
●International Finance Corporation(IFC);-
↪With an aims to advance economic development by investing in strictly for profit and commercial project that purport to reduce poverty & promote development
↪It's owned & governed by its member countries

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