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UPSC IAS Prelims_23

●Critical Wildlife Habitat;-
↪Means such areas of National parks and sanctuaries specifically & clearly intended for wildlife conservation as notified by GoI
•Community forest resource;-
↪means customary common forest land within the traditional or customary boundaries of village (including reserved forest, protected areas, national parks etc.)
●In indian tradition, a year is divided into SIX(two-monthly) Seasons;-
•Hemanta↪Margashirsha-Pausa(Months according to Indian calendar= Nov-Dec)
•Shishira↪Magha-Phalguna(months according to indian calendar=Jan-Feb)
●Kimberley Process;-
↪is an international certification scheme that regulates trade in rough diamonds(in reducing the flow of conflict diamonds)
↪rough diamonds used to finance wars against governments’ – around the world.
•KP members account for approximately 99.8% of the global production of rough diamonds
•India is a founding member
●Soyuz rocket;-{Is a Russian spacecraft}
↪Soyuz transports crews to the International Space Station and returns them to Earth after their missions
◆Soyuz is the only means of reaching the ISS since the U.S. retired the space shuttle in 2011
●World Food Summit(WFS);-
↪Is convened by Food and Agriculture Organization(FAO) of UN
●Wular Lake;-
↪Is the largest fresh water lake in J&K(India)
↪was formed as a result of "tectonic activity"
●Praja Mandals;-
↪a series of "praja mandal" were established to promote the nationalist creed in the princely states by Gandhi ji
●Nationalist Socialist Council of Nagaland/Nagalism(NSCN);-
↪Is an extermist ,naga nationalist insurgent group operating mainly in Northeast india
●The Actual Ground Position Line(AGPL);-
↪Is the line that divides current position of "India-Pakistan troop in the Siachen Glacier region"
●Ultra Mega Power Projects(UMPPs);-{launched by GoI}
↪are coal-based projects ,each with a capacity of 4,000 MW
●Pulses;-
↪are rich in bioactive compound such as anti-oxidants
↪pulse production leaves much lower carbon footprint than animal protein
●Menaka Gandhi case(1978);-
↪Is famously known for wider interpretation of the Article-21
●The major tribes in A&N island [Sentinelese,Jarawas ,Shompens] have zero or nearly zero literacy rates
●Western Ghats is the main water divide in peninsular india which runs from north to South closed to the Western coast
●Kurumba tribes;-
↪are well known for Mallu Kurumba Nirtya(a well known tribal heritage)
↪belongs to Kerala and Tamilnadu
●August offer of 1940;-
↪accepted important demands of Indian national congress leadership⤵
"Constituent assembly of india elected on the basis of Adult franchise etc.
●Credit rating agency like S & P and Moody's essentially measure ↪"Credibility of Sovereign bonds"
●Real Effective Exchange Rate(REER)-Index;-
↪Is the weighted average of a country's currency relative to an index or basket of other major currencies
●Arakan Hills;-{lie along the coast of Myanmar}
↪it deflects a big portion of the Bay of Bengal branch of Monsoon towards the indian subcontinent
●Cartosat-2 series satellites;-
↪will provide remote sensing services, images sent by it will be useful for coastal land use and regulation, road network monitoring etc.
●Global Wage Report 2018-19;-{by ILO}
•Gender wage gap highest in India[On average, women are paid 34% less than men]
◆gender wage gap has remained unchanged at 20% from 2016 to 2017
●Private Members’ Bill to facilitate the construction of a Ram temple at Ayodhya;-
↪admissibility is decided by the Rajya Sabha Chairman.[by Speaker In Lok Sabha]
•private member’s Bills can be introduced and discussed only on "Fridays"
●Saubhagya Scheme;-
↪Its objective is to provide access to electricity connections to all the remaining households in the country
•Ministry of Power would be the implementing authority[Power connection will be provided in both rural & urban areas
●Climate Vulnerable Forum;-{held in Marshall Islands}↪is an international cooperation group of developing countries tackling global climate change
◆Afghanistan, Nepal and Bhutan are its members,[ whereas 'India' is one of the 'observer states']
●Trans-fatty acids (TFAs);-
↪are the most harmful type of fats [are largely produced artificially but a small amount also occurs naturally]
↪Trans-fats consumption increases the risk of developing heart disease & stroke
•Heart Attack Rewind;-{media campaign }
↪a 30-second public service announcement, will be broadcast in 17 languages for a period of four weeks on YouTube, Facebook, Hotstar, and Voot

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