25 January 2019

●Report on Neglected diseases;-{as per annual G-Finder survey}
↪Neglected diseases are Viral, parasitic and bacterial diseases (like trachoma, buruli ulcer ,HIV etc.) that mainly affect the world's poorest people 
◆Indian government is the fourth largest funder for research and development into neglected tropical diseases
•Way ahead↪unified programme on neglected diseases encompassing research and elimination measures is likely to have a greater impact towards disease elimination
●SC/ST act Amendment Bill(2018) inserted three new clauses;-
1↪No preliminary enquiry for FIR
2↪Arrest of accused person not require any approval
3↪Sec-438 of CrPC(deals anticipatory bail)will not apply to a case under this Act
◆Supreme Court has refused to stay amendments to SC/ST Act [several petitions were filed challenging the amendments]
●Nitrogen pollution;-
↪Is a form of water pollution, refers to contamination by excessive inputs of nutrients.( It is a primary cause of eutrophication of surface waters, in which excess nutrients, usually nitrogen or phosphorus, stimulate algal growth)
•A major international research programme is being carried out to tackle the challenge that nitrogen pollution poses for environment
•Nitrogen is an inert gas that’s necessary for life. But we’re changing it into forms that are harmful
●Jaipur Literature Festival;-
↪is an annual literary festival which takes place in the Indian city of Jaipur each January
●INS Kohassa ↪has been commissioned at Diglipur on North Andaman [Indian Navy will have full command over the new airbase, which will play an important role in Indian Ocean]
•INS Kohassa is just 90 km from Indonesia, 45 km from Myanmar & 550 km from Thailand [close to the opening of the Straits of Malacca]
●Bandipur Tiger Reserve;-{Located in Karnataka}
↪it is part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve making it the largest protected area in southern India and largest habitat of wild elephants in south Asia
●Bio-Jet fuel for Military Aircraft;-
↪bio-jet fuel has been produced from seeds of Jatropha plant sourced from Chhattisgarh and processed at CSIR-IIP’s lab at Dehradun
●ISRO’s first mission of 2019
•Microsat-R↪is meant for military use
•Kalamsat↪ is a communication satellite with a life span of two months
●9th National Voters’ Day;-{25th January}
↪is celebrated to mark the Foundation day of Election Commission of India, which was established on 25th January 1950
●Crocodylus palustris;-
↪Is a crocodilian native to freshwater habitats from southern Iran and Pakistan to the Indian subcontinent and Sri Lanka


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