26 January 2019

●70th Republic Day;-
↪This is the first time in the history of Indian Army that a woman will lead the Army services corps
•Theme: ‘life of Gandhi’ which is a tribute to the father of the nation Mahatma Gandhi on his 150th birth anniversary
◆Chief guest↪ President Cyril Ramaphosa, South Africa.[Nelson Mandela was the chief guest in 1995]
●Contempt of Courts Act, 1971;-
↪divides contempt into civil contempt and criminal contempt
•Civil contempt↪ is a ‘wilful disobedience to any judgment, decree, direction, order, writ or other processes of a Court
•Criminal contempt’↪is ‘the publication (whether by words, spoken or written, or by signs, or by visible representation, or otherwise) of any matter
•【fair criticism of any case which has been heard and decided is not contempt.】
◆SC has issued contempt notices to the RBI for failing to reveal under RTI Act 
●Report on ‘e-waste’ by UN;-
↪To highlight the rising challenge posed by mountains of discarded electronics worldwide,[ “A New Circular Vision for Electronics – Time for a Global Reboot”]
•It lies in the fact that globally, only up to 20% of e-waste is recycled
•In India, e waste accounts for 4% of global e-waste and 2.5% of global GDP (2014 figures)
●Bandar Abbas to host IONS next month;-
•Indian Ocean Naval Symposium (IONS)↪ It is a voluntary initiative that seeks to increase maritime co-operation among navies of the littoral states of the Indian Ocean Region 
•Navy commanders of the Indian Ocean littoral states will convene in Bandar Abbas (IRAN) next month for participating in IONS
●Bharat Ratna↪is the highest civilian award of the Republic of India.(was introduced in 1954)
◆There is no written provision that Bharat Ratna should be awarded to Indian citizens only
●Padma Vibhushan↪ is awarded for exceptional and distinguished service;( it is a "second degree honour").
●Padma Bhushan↪ is awarded for distinguished service of high order. (it is a "third degree honour").
●Padma Shri is awarded for distinguished service in any field. (it is a "fourth degree honour")
●India and South Africa have sealed a three-year strategic programme covering all aspects of bilateral ties
↪It will cover cooperation in a range of areas, including defence and security, trade & tourism, IT,agriculture etc.


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