UPSC IAS Prelims_30

●World Capital of Architecture;-
↪Is intended to become an international forum for debates about pressing global challenges from the perspectives of culture, cultural heritage, urban planning and architecture.
◆UNESCO has announced that the Brazilian city of Rio de Janeiro will be the World Capital of Architecture for 2020
●National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP);-
↪Is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme under the Ministry of Rural Development
↪It aims to provide financial assistance to the elderly, widows and persons with disabilities in the form of social pensions [as per the article 41 of DPSP]
●In-Situ conservation↪Is the on-site conservation or the conservation of genetic resources in the natural populations of plant or animal species (like biosphere reserves, Wildlife sanctuaries etc.)
●Ex-Situ Conservation↪Is the preservation of components of biological diversity outside their natural habitats (like seedling, tissue culture & DNA banks etc.)
●Triple-drug therapy for lymphatic filariasis;-{launched in Nagpur,MH} View — uploads.disquscdn.com
↪to accelerate the global elimination of lymphatic filariasis
↪lymphatic filariasis is the most debilitating neglected disease,Spread by Mosquitoes,[It is usually contracted in childhood below age 5 years]
●Lichens;-
↪Is a pioneer species as the lichens die & decompose they release sufficient nutrients to support a community of small plant
[It's generally ,one of the first species to colonize an ecosystem]
●Flamingo Festival at Pulicat lake;-
↪Is held every year to promote tourism in Pulicat and Nellapattu
◆The barrier island of Sriharikota separates Pulicat lake from the Bay of Bengal (and is home to the Satish Dhawan Space Centre)
●Hemis National Park, J&K;-
↪It's the 2nd largest contiguous protected region of the country after Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve
↪It doesn't receive heavy amount of precipitation
•Is geographically the largest national park of India
●Mahendravarma -I
↪He ruled in the 17th century & was responsible for building temples at panamalai ,Mandagapattu & Kanchipuram
↪He referred to the title of Vichitrachitta(Curious-Minded)
●Sulfur Hexafluoride (greenhouse gas)↪has the longest life-cycle in the atmosphere
●Eco-clubs or National Green Corps;-
↪It aims to educate children about their immediate environment and ecosystem
●Bhimbetka Shelters;-
↪Are an archaeological site in central india
[Is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site]
●Rhizofiltration;-
↪Is the technique of absorbing and concentrating toxic metals from contaminated groundwater by plant roots
●Kachchh Biosphere Reserve(in Gujarat)↪Is the largest with an area (12,500 sq. Km)
【Followed by Gulf of Mannar(10,500 sq. Km then Sunderbans】
●Cropping Intensity;-
↪Is the ratio of "Gross cropped area and Net sown area" ×100
●Ganga Gram;-
↪It aims to transform bank of village of river ganga into ideal villages with emphasis ,inter alia on solid and liquid waste management(SLWM) and organic & Medicinal plant agriculture
●UNESCO has introduced the designation "Biosphere Reserve" ↪for natural areas to minimize conflict between ''Development & Conservation''
●India Code Information System(INCODIS)↪contains all central acts of parliament right which are in force
●Single Cell Protein(SCP);-
↪Its high productivity & nutrient base makes it a good substitute for cereal as edible food
↪its production doesn't large land swathes even as its production emits smaller amount of greenhouse gases compared to traditional crops
●Ecozones;-
↪are method of dividing up the earth's surface based on " Common evolutionary history"
●Yavanas;-
↪are mentioned in detail in sangam literature refer to↪some Greek Kingdom
●Aaranyak;-
↪Is a registered NGO working in the field of nature conservation in north east india since 1989
●Central Information Commission (CIC);-
↪Is the highest appeal body available to applicants seeking information under RTI Act
•Chief Information Commissioner & Information Commissioners shall be appointed by the President on the recommendation of[PM,LoP, Union Cabinet Minister]
◆RTI activists have termed the appointment of former Law Secretary Suresh Chandra as a CIC an “arbitrary process” as he had not applied for the position
●Manipur People’s Protection Bill;-
↪It seeks to regulate the entry and exit of “outsiders” on the lines of the British-era inner-line permit system prevalent in three other north-eastern states — Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Nagaland
•Manipur people include all those citizens of India who have been living in Manipur before 1951
•Inner Line Permit (ILP)↪Is an official travel document issued by GoI to grant inward travel of an Indian citizen into a protected area for a limited period [Currently, operational in Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Nagaland]
●Pradhan Mantri Rozgar Protsahan Yojana (PMRPY);-
↪to promote employment generation through Provident Fund, Pension and Death Linked Insurance (workers earning wages upto ₹15,000/- per month)
• scheme is being implemented by the Ministry of Labour and Employment
●Gilgit-Baltistan;- View — uploads.disquscdn.com
↪Located in the northern Pakistan.It shares a geographical boundary with Pakistan-occupied Kashmir, and India considers it as part of the undivided Jammu and Kashmir, while Pakistan sees it as a separate from PoK. [It has a regional Assembly and an elected Chief Minister]
•Supreme Court of Pakistan has extended its powers to Gilgit-Baltistan regarding the area’s constitutional status
●Sustainable Catchment Forest Management(SCATFORM)launched in Tripura;-
↪project is undertaken with the assistance of JICA (Japan International Cooperation Agency)
↪aims to address issues such as forest cover loss and forest degradation have been mainly caused by shifting cultivation
●Anti-Defection Law;-{10th Schedule}
↪MP or MLA Is deemed to have defected if he either voluntarily resigned from his party OR/disobeyed the directives of the party leadership on a vote OR/Independent members would be disqualified if they joined a political party(within 6 months)
●Annual Status of Education Report(ASER) 2018;-{released by "Pratham"(NGO)}
•only half (50.3%) of all students in Class V can read texts meant for Class II students
•40% of Class VIII students in government schools can do simple division, the figure is 54.2% in private schools.
◆Need of the hour↪a bigger spending on education, maybe 6% of GDP instead of the present 2.7% with change in the quality of teacher education
●Smart Food Executive Council;-{launched in 2013}
↪aims to build food systems where the food is good for you (highly nutritious), good for the planet and good for the smallholder farmer
•It is an initiative which will initially focus on popularizing millets and sorghum
●Great Indian Bustard;-
↪country’s most critically endangered bird- Great Indian Bustard.
↪Once the contender for becoming India’s national bird, the Great Indian Bustard is now facing extinction.
●Data Localization;-
↪Is the act of storing data on any device that is physically present within the borders of a specific country where the data was generated
↪RBI imposed a hard data localisation mandate on payment systems providers to store payment systems data only in India
↪There is an urgent need to have an integrated, long-term strategy for policy creation for data localisation
●Project ReWeave;-{launched by Microsoft}
↪to revive the handloom weaving ecosystem in India [Provide a platform to showcase signature collections created by the weaver communities]
●Global Risks Report 2019;-{released by World Economic Forum (WEF)}
↪report explores the interconnectedness of risks, and is intended to raise awareness about the need for a multi-stakeholder approach to the mitigation of global risk
[risks like 'Extreme weather events ,Major natural disasters.,Water crisis, Large scale cyberattacks etc.]
●Angel Tax↪ is a 30% tax that is levied on the funding received by startups from an external investor
↪this 30% tax is levied when startups receive angel funding at a valuation higher than its ‘fair market value’ [It is counted as income to the company and is taxed]

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