15 February 2019

●National Minimum Wage;-
↪government-appointed expert committee has proposed doubling the national-level minimum wage for a worker in the country to ₹9,750 a month, up from a floor of ₹ 4,576 at present
•It also proposes minimum wage should include reasonable expenditure on ‘essential non-food items
●Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana – Urban;-{launched by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (MoHUPA)}
↪Mission seeks to address the housing requirement of urban poor including slum dwellers through following programme verticals
•government is providing an interest subsidy of 6.5% on housing loans which can be availed by beneficiaries for 15 years from start of loan date
◆Government has launched a Mobile App to Allow Beneficiaries to Capture & Upload Photographs of Completed Houses under PMAY- U
●Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Maan-Dhan Yojana;-
↪is a voluntary and contributory pension scheme that will engage as many as 42 crore workers in the unorganised sector
↪Workers with income of less than Rs 15,000 per month and who belong to the entry age group of 18-40 years, will be eligible for the scheme (pension of Rs 3000 per month after attaining the age of 60 years)
●Dolphin census;-{carried out in Odisha by the state’s forest and environment department}
↪Population declined from 469 in 2018 to 259 this year.
•Gahirmatha is the home of the state’s largest dolphin population, having 126 animals
•IUCN Red List↪ as ‘Endangered’
●WHO issues new international standard for music devices;-
↪aim behind the move is to prevent young people from going deaf
•Nearly 50% of people aged 12-35 years — or 1.1 billion young people — are at risk of hearing loss due to audio devices
•Over five per cent of the world’s population — or 466 million people — has disabling hearing loss
●Oxytocin;-(also called "love hormone")
↪Is a hormone that is made in the brain(produced by hypothalamus)
↪It plays a role in social bonding,sexual reproduction in both sexes, and during and after childbirth
•why banned↪due to misuse of hormone in dairy industry
●Wasted effort: half of India’s waste-to-energy plants defunct;-
↪fundamental reason (for the inefficiency of these plants) is the quality and composition of waste. MSW (municipal solid waste) in India has low calorific value and high moisture content
↪Waste-to-Energy is still a new concept in the country 
●World Sustainable Development Summit;-{held in New Delhi. & organized by The Energy and Resources Institute – TERI}
↪It provides a platform for global leaders and practitioners to discuss and deliberate over climatic issues of universal importance
•TERI is a leading think tank dedicated to conducting research for sustainable development of India and the Global South
↪Scientists have found that nanoparticles of selenium, an essential micronutrient, can be used as an antibacterial agent
↪It may be more effective than antibiotics as they have a larger surface area and therefore can be more in contact with the external environment.


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