16 February 2019

●LADIS – Least Available Depth Information System;-{launched by Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI)}
↪It will ensure that real-time data on least available depths is disseminated for ship/barge and cargo owners so that they can undertake transportation on NWs in a more planned way
•to facilitate the day to day operations of inland vessels plying on National Waterways
●Pahari Dam Modernization Project;-{situated on Dhasan River in Jhansi district}
•Dhasan River is a right bank tributary of the Betwa River.( The river originates in Madhya Pradesh)
●Tagore Award for Cultural Harmony;-
↪award carries an amount of ₹1 crore, a citation in a scroll, a plaque as well as an exquisite traditional handicraft/ handloom item.[The award is open to all persons regardless of nationality, race, language, caste, creed or sex]
•this annual award was instituted by the Government of India during the commemoration of 150th Birth Anniversary of Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore
●Vande Bharat Express;-
↪It is India’s first indigenously built engineless semi-high speed train.( Earlier, it was known by the name Train 18.)
•It runs between Delhi and Varanasi at a maximum speed of 160 kmph.
•It is energy-efficient as its coaches will be fitted with LED lights.It is provided with Bio toilets [train is a 100% ‘Make in India’ project ]
●Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial (Amendment) Bill, 2018;-
↪Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial Act, 1951 provided for the erection of a National Memorial in memory of those killed or wounded on April 13, 1919, in Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar
•2018 amendment bill removes the President of the Indian National Congress as a Trustee.[It clarifies that when there is no Leader of Opposition in Lok Sabha, the leader of the single largest opposition party in the Lok Sabha will be the Trustee]
●Why only bureaucrats on information panels, asks SC;-
↪Supreme Court has observed that the Central Information Commission (CIC) and State Information Commissions have “official bias” in favour of bureaucrats and government employees in the process of appointment.
•In fact, the selection committee, which shortlists candidates for appointment, is itself composed of government employees
◆ apex court has directed the government to look beyond bureaucrats and appoint professionals from “all walks of life,” including eminent persons with wide knowledge and experience in law, science and technology, social service etc.
●India has revoked the Most Favoured Nation (MFN) status of Pakistan (bestowed in 1996);-
↪MFN is a treatment accorded to a trade partner to ensure non-discriminatory trade between two countries vis-a-vis other trade partners
◆Revoking MFN means India can levy whatever import tariffs it wants. India can now make it very expensive for Pakistan to export its goods or services to India
●NASA’s Mars Rover Opportunity Concludes a 15-Year Mission;-
↪This marked the conclusion of the 15-year saga. The decision to end the mission was made after all the efforts to restore contact with the "Opportunity Mars rover" didn’t yield desired results
↪A historic global dust storm reached the location of the Opportunity rover on Mars. The storm darkened the skies and cut off of the rover’s solar power
●First District Cooling System of India to come up in Amaravati;-
↪District cooling systems produce chilled water, steam or hot water at a central plant and then pipe that energy out (either underground or over rooftops) to buildings for air conditioning, space heating and water heating. 
【As a result, these buildings don’t require their own chillers, air conditioners, boilers or furnaces.】

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