18 February 2019

●National Commission for STs (NCST);-{was established by amending Article 338 and inserting a new Article 338A through 89th Amendment Act, 2003.}
↪NCST is empowered to investigate and monitor matters relating to safeguards provided for STs under the Constitution or under other laws or under Govt. order
•Commission submits its report to the President annually 
●Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme;-
↪Is being organized by the Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (DEPwD), Mo Social Justice and Empowerment
↪to create an enabling environment to ensure equal opportunities, equity, social justice and empowerment of persons with disabilities (by providing financial assistance to voluntary organizations)
●Eco Circuit;-↪ Is one of the fifteen thematic circuits identified for development under 'Swadesh Darshan Scheme'- Integrated development of theme- based tourist circuits in the country
•Swadesh Darshan’ scheme with an objective to develop theme-based tourist circuits in the country.[The scheme is 100% centrally funded for the project components undertaken for public funding.]
●Guidelines on Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure;-
↪A public charging station should be on both sides of the highways or roads on every 25 km
•In the first phase, to be completed by 2021, mega cities — with a population of over 4 million as per the 2011 census — will be covered
◆centre estimates that 25% of total vehicles on roads will be electric vehicles by 2030.
●Karnataka government has decided to give primacy to "Kannadigas" in jobs under Group C and D category in the private sector;-
↪100% reservation for Kannadigas in all state government departments and PSUs.
↪100% reservation for Kannadigas for Group C and D jobs in Central government departments and PSUs etc.
●Scientists have discovered massive mountains in the Earth’s mantle;-
↪located between upper and lower mantle
↪Scientists used data from an enormous earthquake in Bolivia to find mountains and other topography on a layer located 660 km straight down, which separates the upper and lower mantle.[researchers simply call it “the 660-km boundary.”]
●Finance Commission of India;-
↪Is constituted by the President under article 280 of the Constitution, mainly to give its recommendations on distribution of tax revenues between the Union and the States and amongst the States themselves
•It is the duty of the Commission to make 
principles which should govern the grants-in-aid of the revenues of the States out of the Consolidated Fund of India &
↪measures needed to augment Consolidated Fund of a State to supplement the resources of the Panchayats and Municipalities etc.
●International Court of Justice(ICJ);-
↪Is the principal judicial body of the UN. Established in 1946 
↪It has two primary functions
1)to settle legal disputes submitted by States
2) to act as an advisory board on issues submitted to it by authorized international organizations
•HQ↪Hague,Netherlands
●A new rainfed agriculture atlas;-{recently released by Revitalising Rainfed Agriculture (RRA) Network.}
↪atlas not only maps the agro biodiversity and socio-economic conditions prevailing in such areas, but also attempts to document the policy biases that are making farming unviable for many in these areas.
•Three out of five farmers in India grow their crops using rainwater, instead of irrigation
•There has been “negligence” toward rainfed areas which is leading to lower incomes for farmers in these areas
●EXERCISE VAYU SHAKTI-2019;-{was held recently in Rajasthan}
↪It demonstrates the IAF’s ability to strike targets on the ground such as enemy convoys and tanks, radar stations, railway yards and military headquarters
•Vayu Shakti is held by Indian Airforce
●blackbuck (Antelope cervicapra);- View — uploads.disquscdn.com 
↪ is an antelope indigenous to the India plains. Also found in India, Nepal and Pakistan
•It is considered to be the fastest animal next to Cheetah.
•IUCN red list↪"Least Concern"

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