28 January 2019

●Niti Aayog 2.0;-
↪In a paper titled ‘Towards India’s New Fiscal Federalism’, former Finance Commission chairman has pitched for setting up of a ‘new Niti Aayog’ and giving it responsibility for allocating capital and revenue grants to the states
•it maintains a respectable intellectual distance from the government of the day. Instead, we see uncritical praise of the Govt-sponsored schemes [New Niti Aayog will annually need the resources of around 1.5 to 2% of the GDP to provide suitable grants to the states ]
●Input Tax Credit (ITC);-
↪It is the tax that a business pays on a purchase and that it can use to reduce its tax liability when it makes a sale
↪Under GST, there is not cost cascading effect because of two facts. First, most of the taxes are merged under a single tax, and second, the input tax credit.
●Zearalenone in cereals;-
↪Zearalenone is a "fungal toxin" infesting cereals such as wheat, maize and barley. (It attacks crops while they are growing)
•Fungal toxins are commonly found in food, and can be a public health concern
●World Malaria Report of 2018;-{by WHO}
↪India is the only country among the 11 highest-burden countries that saw substantial progress in reducing disease burden( it saw a 24% decrease in 2017)
•At the East Asia Summit in 2015, India pledged to eliminate the disease by 2030
◆Odisha’s Durgama Anchalare Malaria Nirakaran (DAMaN) initiative↪ is aims to deliver services to the most inaccessible and hardest hit people of the State
●Charter of Patients’ Rights;-
↪to ensure the inclusion of the entire range of patients’ rights without any dilution.
•It has been prepared by the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC)
↪The draft charter includes 17 rights (Right to non-discrimination is an important right)
●Jiban Sampark Project of Odisha;-
↪It aims to generate awareness among Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTG) in Odisha on various development and welfare initiatives of State 
◆Among the 75 listed PVTG’s the highest number are found in Odisha (13), followed by Andhra Pradesh (12)
●Jan Shikshan Sansthans (JSS);-{under Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship since 2018}
↪were established to provide vocational training to non-literate, neo-literate, as well as school dropouts by identifying skills as would have a market in the region of their establishment.
●Indus Water Treaty,1960;-
↪Signed by then PM Jawaharlal Nehru & Pakistan President Ayub Khan(involving a third party "World Bank")
↪treaty allocates 80% of water from the six-river Indus water system to Pakistan
•India got control over rivers Beas, Ravi & Sutlej (whereas Pakistan got control over Indus, Chenab & Jhelum [can be remembered as "CJI"]
●Serious Fraud Investigation Office (SFIO);-{under the Ministry of Corporate Affairs}
↪It is a multi-disciplinary organisation that investigates and guides prosecution in white-collar fraud requiring expertise in forensic auditing, corporate law, IT, capital markets etc.
•It received statutory powers under the Companies Act, 2013
●The Sarus (Grus antigone)↪is the tallest flying bird in the world.
↪It is also India’s only resident breeding crane.
•IUCN status- ‘vulnerable’
●Brand Finance Global 500, 2019;-
↪It has placed the ‘Tata’ brand at the 86th position this year.(Last year,It was at 104th)
•Italian supercar manufacturer, Ferrari, has claimed the title of the world’s strongest brand 
●Indian Railways’ fastest Train 18 named↪ "Vande Bharat Express"
↪The train is set to run between Delhi and Varanasi at a maximum speed of 160 kmph
●India’s second Tulip garden will be set up in "Pithoragarh district"(Uttarakhand) at a cost of Rs 50 crore.[ First one is located in Srinagar of Jammu and Kashmir]
●Atal Setu” on the Mandovi river in Goa (has been inaugurated)
↪It is 5.1-km long cable-stayed bridge connecting state capital Panaji with north Goa
●Nari Shakti: Hindi Word of the Year 2018;-{by the Oxford dictionaries}
●Pahari community:
↪Pahari is a linguistic group, comprising both Muslims and Hindus, and is mainly located in Poonch, Rajouri, Kupwara and Baramulla districts ,J&K
◆Governor of J&K has given his approval for the Kashmir Reservation (Amendment) Bill, 2014, providing reservation to the persons belonging to Pahari community
●Satkosia Tiger Reserve:(Odisha)
↪It was established in 1976 as a wildlife sanctuary. The area was declared as Satkosia Tiger Reserve in 2007.
↪ Satkosia is the meeting point of two bio-geographic regions of India; the Deccan Peninsula and the Eastern Ghats,
●technical textiles;-
↪is a textile product manufactured for non-aesthetic purposes, where function is the primary criterion. Technical textiles include textiles for automotive applications, medical textiles, geotextiles, agrotextiles, and protective clothing

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