8 February 2019

●Motion of thanks to President’s Address;-
↪The President makes an address to a joint sitting of Parliament at the start of the Budget session, which is prepared by the government and lists its achievements
↪The address is followed by a motion of thanks moved in each House by ruling party MPs
◆Members of Parliament vote on this motion of thanks. This motion must be passed in both of the houses.
↪A failure to get motion of thanks passed amounts to defeat of government and leads to collapse of government. [This is why, the Motion of Thanks is deemed to be a no-confidence motion]
●Small Grants Programme(SGP);-{It was launched in 1992 with 33 participating countries.}
↪It aims to support vulnerable communities through community led approaches towards environmental conservation & livelihoods enhancement.
•It is currently implemented by UNDP on behalf of the GEF partnership
●Ujjwala Utsav↪ observed recently to celebrate the stellar role played by various stakeholders in making PMUY a success
•Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana(PMUY) ↪aims to provide LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) connections to poor households [identified through the Socio-Economic Caste Census (SECC) ]
•A report from the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare places Household Air Pollution (HAP) as the second leading risk factor contributing to India’s disease burden.
●River Information System;-
↪It is a combination of modern tracking equipment related hardware and software designed to optimize traffic and transport processes in inland navigation
◆To boost cargo movement on Ganga, the second phase of river information system (RIS) was recently inaugurated between Farakka(WB) and Patna
●The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria;-{or simply the Global Fund}
↪Is an international financing organization that aims to “attract, leverage and invest additional resources to end the epidemics of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria to support attainment of SDGs
•organization maintains its secretariat in Geneva, Switzerland
●Macedonia has signed accession papers with NATO;-
↪signing of accession papers allows Macedonia take part in NATO ministerial meetings as an invitee [To acquire full membership, all 29 current members must ratify the accession protocol]
•Russia has raised concerns against Macedonia becoming part of NATO. [because NATO’s membership provides a guarantee of mutual defence, provides a welcome insurance policy against possible incursions]
•North Atlantic Treaty Organization(NATO) ;-{North Atlantic Alliance)
↪It is an intergovernmental military alliance.
↪Treaty that was signed on 4 April 1949.
•HQ — Brussels, Belgium

●Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA);-
↪This law is aimed at effective prevention of unlawful activities associations in India
◆Union Home Ministry has banned the Tehreek-ul-Mujahideen (TuM) under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act for promoting terrorism 
•Set up in the 1990s, TuM claims to be fighting for the “liberation of Kashmir.”
●Women’s Global Development and Prosperity Initiative;-{Launched by the US}
↪It aims to coordinate current programs and develop new ones to assist women in areas such as job training, financial support, and legal or regulatory reforms.
•It seeks to reach 50 million women in the developing world by 2025
•It is a government wide project led by the senior adviser and daughter to President Donald Trump- Ivanka Trump
●Kerala to get country’s 2nd longest rail tunnel;-
•10.7-km railway line, including a 9.02-km tunnel, has been proposed to connect the upcoming "Vizhinjam International Multipurpose Deepwater Seaport to the railway network"(mooted by Konkan Railway Corporation Ltd (KRCL)
•11.26-km Pir Panjal rail tunnel, connecting Banihal and Hillar Shahabad, is the longest
●LAIRCM Self-Protection Suites;-
↪US has approved a foreign military sale to India — two 777 Large Aircraft Infrared Countermeasures (LAIRCM) Self-Protection Suites (SPS), [for an estimated $190 million]
•LAIRCM is a programme meant to protect large aircraft from man-portable missiles
●Dard Aryans;-
↪are a group of Indo-Aryan peoples found predominantly in northern Pakistan, north India, and eastern Afghanistan
•They might have descended from soldiers in Alexander’s army who had come to the region over 2,000 years ago
•The word ‘Dard’ is derived from a Sanskrit word, ‘Daradas’, which means people who live on hillsides.

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