UPSC IAS Prelims_34

●Personal Laws (Amendment) Bill 2019;-
↪Bill seeks to remove leprosy as a ground for divorce [Leprosy is being removed as a ground for divorce as it is now a curable disease as against the earlier notion of it being incurable]
◆20th Law Commission of India in its 256th Report titled “Eliminating Discrimination Against Persons Affected by Leprosy”
•Leprosy↪is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae View — 
●Credit Linked Capital Subsidy and Technology Upgradation Scheme”;-
↪objective of the Scheme is to facilitate technology up-gradation in MSMEs by providing an upfront capital subsidy 
[revised scheme aims at facilitating technology up-gradation by providing 15% up front capital subsidy to MSMEs, including tiny, khadi etc.]
●e-AUSHADHI portal;-{launched by Ministry of State (IC) for AYUSH. "IC?"}
↪is intended for increased transparency, improved information management facility, improved data usability and increased accountability.[for online licensing of Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Homoeopathy drugs and related matters]
●Citizenship, Triple Talaq Bills Lapse in Rajya Sabha as House Adjourns Sine Die;-
↪When the Lok Sabha is dissolved, all business including bills, motions, resolutions, notices, petitions and so on pending before it or its committees lapse [Articles 107 and 108 of the Indian Constitution deal with these provisions]
●National Board for Wildlife (NBWL);-
↪It is a “Statutory Organization” constituted under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972
•Its roles is “advisory” in nature [Primary function of the Board is to promote the conservation and development of wildlife and forests.]
●Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahaabhiyan or KUSUM scheme;-
↪aims to promote use of solar energy among the farmers
↪Solarization of existing grid-connected agriculture pumps to make farmers independent of grid supply and also sell surplus solar power generated to Discom and get extra income.
●Formalin in Fish;-
↪Formalin is a toxic, colourless solution that is derived by dissolving formaldehyde gas in water.
↪It is a cancer-inducing chemical used to preserve fish
•Formaldehyde is a highly reactive, flammable gas
◆Bihar’s health department has imposed a blanket ban for 15 days on sale of fish from Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal
●Global Housing Technology Challenge-India (GHTC- India);-
↪Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs has instituted a challenge for States/ UTs to select six sites across the country for constructing the Lighthouse projects under GHTC-India
↪In addition to this, a Technology Innovation Grant (TIG) for the States/ UTs is provisioned to offset the impact of any additional cost implication due to the use of new technology
↪Scientists have found that nanoparticles of selenium, an essential micronutrient, can be used as an antibacterial agent
↪It may be more effective than antibiotics as they have a larger surface area and therefore can be more in contact with the external environment.
●Minority Status of Aligarh Muslim University;-
↪In 1981, an amendment was brought in to accord the university minority status [which was held as unconstitutional by the Allahabad High Court]
↪Attorney General had told the Supreme Court that the Aligarh Muslim University could not be categorised as a minority institution.
•Now,Supreme Court has referred the petition seeking withdrawal of minority status of the Aligarh Muslim University to a seven-judge bench
•In St Stephens vs Delhi University case, 1992, SC ruled that these institutions(Minority) can have 50% seats reserved for minorities
●7th annual World Government Summit;-{ is being held in Dubai (UAE)}
↪is a global platform dedicated to shaping the future of government worldwide
[It is basically a knowledge exchange center at the intersection between government, futurism, technology, and innovation]
Gross Budgetary Support(GBS);-
~>It is the government's support to the central plan [GBS includes the tax receipts and other sources of revenue raised by the government]
•In the recent years the GSB has been slightly more than 50% of the Central plan
●Sarais ;-{were an interesting feature of medieval India}
~>Sarais were largely built on simple square or rectangular plan and were meant to provide temporary accommodation to indian and foreign traveller, pilgrims, merchant, traders etc.
●Irulas tribal;-
~>these are primitive tribal group(PTG) of Nilgiri Hills ,which are famous as snake-catcher and
•Some members were recently recruited by Florida Wildlife Officials to hunt pythons in wetlands (USA)
●Politics-Administration dichotomy;-
~>implies that Policy making and policy execution are sep6 activities
~>Is the ability of undifferentiated plan tissues to differentiate into functional plants when cultured in vitro
●The core of the Great Himalayas is made up of "Granite rock"
●CARE WWF Alliance;-
~>It focuses on tackling 'Livelihood options for  vulnerable people and address root causes of poverty and environmental degradation
•To build a global network for helping in sustainable food production
●Wahhabism~> Is the dominant faith of 'Soudi Arabia'
•It is an austere form of Islam that insists on literal interpretation of the Koran
●Cabinet Committee on Appointments is composed of " PM and Union Ministry of Home Affairs"
●MERCOSUR is a South-American trading bloc (was established in 1991)
●Liquified Petroleum Gas(LPG);-
~>Is largely composed of Propane ,Propylene ,Butane and Butylene in various mixtures
~>Is the boat used in the first solo and non-stop race in the world
●Polar jet streams;-{ are the strongest in Tropopause}
~>are a belt of powerful upper-level winds that sits atop the polar front
●Nations touch Caspian Sea ~> TIKA+ Russia
•K~ Kazakhstan
●Jatropha ~> Is a genus of flowering plants .It contains approximately 170 species of succulent plants, shurbs and trees (some are deciduous, like jatropha curcas)
•Oil from jatropha curcas is mainly converted into biodiesel for use in diesel engines

•it can be used as oilseed for bio-diesel production and/ Fish or animal feed,if detoxified


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