11 March 2019

Pulse Polio Program 2019
~programme aims to protect children from the polio disease by conducting two nationwide mass polio vaccination campaigns and two to three sub-national campaigns each year
•Polio (also called poliomyelitis) is a contagious, historically devastating disease that was virtually eliminated from the Western hemisphere in the second half of the 20th century [It is a highly infectious viral disease, which mainly affects young children]
•India was declared polio-free country in the year 2014.
Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana(PMUY)
~aims to provide LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) connections to poor households [identified through the Socio-Economic Caste Census (SECC) ]
•A report from the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare places Household Air Pollution (HAP) as the second leading risk factor contributing to India’s disease burden.
Dam Rehabilitation & Improvement Project (DRIP);-
~Would be a six-year project with assistance from World Bank
~Project will improve the safety & operational performance of selected existing dams
•About 80% of our large dams are over twenty-five years old. About 209 dams are over 100 years old
Kashi Vishwanath Corridor
~The project envisions a massive makeover of the holy shrine and its surrounding areas
•Kashi Vishvanath Temple is one of the most famous Hindu temples dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is located in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India
Return Policy for militants in Jammu and Kashmir
~In order to encourage militants to join the mainstream, the policy provides for a monthly stipend of Rs 6,000 for those who surrender. [However, this initiative will not cover militants found to have been involved in “heinous crimes”]
•the proposed scheme is a revised version of earlier initiatives, but with a fresh focus on socio-economic re-integration
India launches third IT corridor in China
~The primary aim of this IT corridor will be to facilitate partnerships between Indian and Chinese companies.
•India is a world leader in the area of Information Technology and IT-enabled services with annual revenue of over $164 billion and exports of over $120 billion. 
[The country has been demanding China to provide market access to Indian IT and pharmaceutical firms for several years to reduce bilateral trade deficit]
BEE Star Ratings
~The prime importance of these Star Ratings is to educate and inform consumers about how energy efficient each product is
•Ministry of Power has announced that two more electrical appliances microwave ovens and washing machines will now be assigned star ratings based on their energy efficiency metrics
•Bureau of Energy Efficiency(BEE) is a statutory body set up under the Energy Conservation Act, 2001 [It assists the government in developing policies and strategies with primary objective of reducing the energy intensity of the Indian economy within the overall framework of the Energy Conservation Act, 2001]
India Urban Observatory & Video Wall
~It is a platform that uses data from different sources to enable analysis and visualization over a geospatial platform
~It is an important component of the recently launched DataSmart Cities strategy that envisions creating a ‘Culture of Data’ in cities, for intelligent use of data in addressing complex urban challenges
•It is imperative for the empowerment of communities that cities work on using information available through various sources to improve their functioning, public services, governance systems

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