13 March 2019

Combat Casualty Drugs
~that can extend the golden hour of gravely wounded security personnel till the trooper is shifted to hospital
[bleeding wound sealants, super absorptive dressings and glycerated salines, all of which can save lives in the event of warfare in jungle and high altitude areas as well as in terror attacks.]
•Glycerated saline~> is a battlefield intravenous fluid that does not freeze till -18 degrees Celsius and is useful in handling trauma cases in high altitude areas. 
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) 
~is India’s premier nuclear research facility headquartered in Trombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra
•It manages all facts of nuclear power generation, from theoretical design of reactors to development and testing of new reactor fuel materials, etc.
NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO)
~ has observed water molecules moving around the dayside of Moon
•Lunar water can potentially be used by humans to make fuel or to use for radiation shielding or thermal management
•Scientists had hypothesised that hydrogen ions in the solar wind may be the source of most of the moon’s surface water
WHO strategy to fight flu pandemics
~It calls for every country to strengthen routine health programmes and to develop tailor-made influenza programmes that strengthen disease surveillance, response, prevention, control, and preparedness
•An influenza pandemic is a global epidemic caused by a new influenza virus to which there is little or no pre-existing immunity in the human population [most recent pandemic occurred in 2009 and was caused by an influenza A (H1N1) virus]
National Register of Citizens (NRC);-
~address the issue of illegal migrants in Assam, specifically from Bangladesh
•Who is a citizen in Assam??????
~all Indian-origin people who came from Bangladesh before January 1, 1966 to be deemed as citizens
~Those who came b/w JAN 1,1966 & March 25, 1971 were eligible for citizenship(after living 10 years)
Arecanut gets its first GI tag for ‘Sirsi Supari
~Sirsi Supari’ grown in Uttara Kannada has received the Geographic Indication (GI) tag. It is cultivated in Yellapura, Siddapura and Sirsi taluks
Cool-spots’ 
~are the world’s last refuges where high numbers of threatened species still persist. Cool-spots could be the result of protection or because of intact habitat that has not been cleared yet.
Starry dwarf frog- a thumbnail-sized species was recently discovered in India’s Western Ghats
~Scientists have named the frog Astrobatrachus kurichiyana for its constellation-like markings and the indigenous people of Kurichiyarmala

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