25 February 2019

Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi;-
~>Under this programme, vulnerable landholding farmer families, having cultivable land upto 2 hectares, will be provided direct income support at the rate of Rs. 6,000 per year
~>income support will be transferred directly into the bank accounts of beneficiary farmers, in three equal installments of Rs. 2,000 each
Draft National e-commerce policy;-
~>that sends a clear message that India and its citizens have a sovereign right to their data
•All ecommerce websites, apps available for downloading in India to have a registered business entity here.( Non-compliant ecommerce app/website to be denied access here.)
•Data storage facilities to get ‘infrastructure status’
•E-consumer courts to be developed etc.
Monkeys have again been declared vermin for the next one year in Himachal Pradesh
~>because the animals have been adversely affecting crops and causing harm to humans
•Wild boars, nilgai and rhesus monkeys are Schedule II and III members — also protected, but can be hunted under specific conditions
•Section 62 of Act empowers Centre to declare wild animals other than Schedule I & II to be vermin for specified area and period.
[Crows and fruit bat fall in Schedule 5, the vermin category.]
Sujalam Sufalam Jal Sanchay Abhiyan;- {by Gujarat govt.}
~>scheme aims to deepen water bodies in the state before monsoon to increase storage of rainwater to be used during times of scarcity.
•It involves cleaning and desilting of riverfronts, sprucing up of Irrigation canals.
Cheetah reintroduction project;-
~>Wildlife Institute of India at Dehradun had prepared a ₹260-crore cheetah re-introduction project six years ago. It was estimated that an amount of ₹25 crore to ₹30 crore would be needed to build an enclosure in an area of 150 sq km for the cheetahs in Nauradehi
•Nauradehi was found to be the most suitable area for the cheetahs as its forests are not very dense to restrict the fast movement of the spotted cat
•reasons for extinction can all be traced to man’s interference. Problems like human-wildlife conflict, loss of habitat and loss of prey, and illegal trafficking, have decimated their numbers
Permanent Residence Certificate;-
~>is a legal document that serves as an evidence of residence and thus must be submitted wherever a residence proof is required.
•To apply for ration card permanent residence certificate is a vital and mandate document.
•Arunachal Pradesh issues the domicile certificate otherwise called as Permanent Residence Certificate (PRC) to the residents of the state who stayed therein over a period
Organisation of Islamic Cooperation(OIC)
~>OIC is an international organization founded in 1969, consisting of 57 member states.
•It is the second largest inter-governmental organization after the United Nations.
•it is “the collective voice of the Muslim world” and works to “safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world in the spirit of promoting international peace and harmony“.
•India invited to OIC meet as ‘guest of honour’ [India has never been invited to the OIC before ]
Afghanistan recently began exports to India through Chabahar port in Iran.
~>Iran’s Chabahar port is located on the Gulf of Oman and is the only oceanic port of the country
•[Chabahar port will be beneficial to India in countering Chinese presence in the Arabian Sea which China is trying to ensure by helping Pakistan develop the Gwadar port. Gwadar port is less than 400 km from Chabahar by road and 100 km by sea]
EVM is ‘information’ under Right to Information Act
~>EVM can be demanded by an applicant from the Election Commission of India on a payment of Rs 10, the Central Information Commission has ruled.
•Section 2(f) of the RTI Act defines ‘Information’ as any material in any form, including records, documents, memos, e-mails, opinions, advices etc.

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