28 February 2019

Atal Innovation Mission (AIM)
~is the Government of India’s flagship initiative to promote a culture of innovation and entrepreneurship in the country.
•Atal Tinkering Laboratories (ATLs) ~>objective of this scheme is to foster curiosity, creativity and imagination in young minds; and inculcate skills such as design mindset, computational thinking, adaptive learning, physical computing etc.
Sustainable Alternative Towards Affordable Transportation (SATAT) Initiative;-
•government recently handed over the 100th Letter of Intent (LOI) to the Compressed Bio-Gas(CBG) Entrepreneur (producer) under the SATAT scheme.
•Compressed Bio-Gas can be produced from various bio-mass/waste sources, including agricultural residue, municipal solid waste etc. [Compressed Bio-Gas has the potential to replace CNG in automotive, industrial and commercial uses in the coming years.]
Scheme for Higher Education Youth in Apprenticeship and Skills (SHREYAS);-{MoHRD}
~is a programme conceived for students in degree courses, primarily non-technical, with a view to introduce employable skills into their learning, promote apprenticeship as integral to education 
[To enhance the employability of Indian youth by providing ‘on the job work exposure’ and earning of stipend(upto ₹6000/month)]
•In our country, there are around 30 crore student pursuing UG/PG in 864 University
“Yuva Sahakar-Cooperative Enterprise Support and Innovation Scheme”;-{launched by "National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC)"}
~scheme would encourage cooperatives to venture into new and innovative areas [scheme will be linked to Rs 1000 crore ‘Cooperative Start-up and Innovation Fund (CSIF)’ created by the NCDC.]
•It would have more incentives for cooperatives of North Eastern region, Aspirational Districts and cooperatives with women or SC or ST or PwD members.
Inclusive Internet Index 2019;-{commissioned by Facebook and conducted by The Economist Intelligence Unit}
~ aim of the Inclusive Internet Index is to provide researchers and policymakers with the information they need to enable the beneficial use of the Internet, irrespective of age, gender, location or background.
•index assesses the performance of 100 countries in four categories of inclusion: Accessibility, Affordability, Relevance and Readiness.
•Sweden has topped the rankings followed by Singapore and the US.[India has been ranked 47th.]
National Science Day 2018;-{celebrated on 28th of February}
~in order to commemorate the invention of the Raman Effect in India by the Indian physicist, Sir C V Raman on the same day in the year 1928.(was awarded and honored with the Nobel Prize in the Physics in the year 1930.)
•Raman scattering or the Raman effect~> is the inelastic scattering of a photon by molecules which are excited to higher energy levels. /[Raman Effect is a change in the wavelength of light that occurs when a light beam is deflected by molecules]
Parents Responsibility and Norms for Accountability and Monitoring (PRANAM) Bill
~>Assam has launched the PRANAM Commission, a panel set up to look after the issues concerning a Bill brought in for protection of parents of state government employees
•it stated to be the first-of its-kind Bill in the country, is an effort to protect elderly parents of government employees in their times of need.[To ensure that no state government employee ignores their elderly parents and unmarried differently-abled siblings.]
China drafts new rules to supervise biotechnology research!
•It proposes fines and bans against rogue scientists.
•Scientists can be fined 10 to 20 times the amount of “illegal income” earned from unauthorised research and be banned from their field of work for six months to one year
【Recently a Chinese researcher caused a global outcry by claiming that the world’s first gene-edited babies — twin girls — were born that same month after he altered their DNA to prevent them from contracting HIV๐Ÿ˜ฏ】
2nd Edition of ISL Dictionary;-
~Its aim is to give Deaf people the constitutional right to speech and opportunity of freedom of expression and also bringing them into the main stream of the society.
Technology Support and Outreach (TECH-SOP):
~ is an initiative of the MSME Ministry to bridge the gap between research and development institutions and MSMEs so that they can use latest technologies and become a part of global value chain.
Defence Acquisition Council (DAC):
~to ensure expeditious procurement of the approved requirements of the Armed Forces, in terms of capabilities sought, and time frame prescribed, by optimally utilizing the allocated budgetary resources.
Aarohan Social Innovation Awards:
~Aim to nurture the culture of innovation in the social sector to scale positive change across the country and thereby provide a platform to help the solutions scale.
•Infosys Foundation has constituted Aarohan Social Innovation Awards to reward individuals, teams or NGOs developing solutions for the social sector

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