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February QUIZ REVISION 2019

●Hayabusa2;-
↪ is an asteroid sample-return mission operated by "Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)"
●Status of trace and toxic metals in Indian rivers 2018’.
↪It is published by Central Water Commission.
↪According to the report, Ganga is polluted with five heavy metals—chromium, copper, nickel, lead and iron.
•Unlike organic contaminants, heavy metals are non-biodegradable and also carcinogenic
●Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS);-
↪is a permanent organ of the SCO which serves to promote cooperation of member states against the three evils of
terrorism, separatism and extremism
•HQ↪in Tashkent, Uzbekistan
●International Energy Agency (IEA)
↪IEA works to ensure reliable, affordable and clean energy for its 30 member countries and beyond.[It focuses on
Energy Security, Economic Development and Environmental Awareness.]
•India is not the member of IEA.
•It publishes World Energy Outlook and World Energy Statistics.
●“The Future of Rail” Report;-
↪It is released by the International Energy Agency (IEA).
↪According to the report, rail is among the most energy efficient modes of transport for freight and passengers
feb 2
●Indira Gandhi Prize for peace, disarmament and development for 2018 ↪has been awarded to Centre for Science and
Environment (CSE), the New Delhi (India)-based independent research and advocacy think tank
●Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC);-
↪is a regional economic forum established in 1989 to leverage the growing interdependence of the Asia-Pacific.
↪APEC’s 21 members aim to create greater prosperity for the people of the region by promoting balanced, inclusive,
sustainable, innovative and secure growth and by accelerating regional economic integration.
•Members⤵
People’s Republic of China
Japan
Russia
The United States
Republic of Korea etc.
◆ India isn't a member
●Zero Defect and Zero Effect (ZED) scheme;-
↪ for promotion of Zero Defect and Zero Effect (ZED) manufacturing amongst micro, small and medium enterprises
(MSMEs) and ZED Assessment for their certification
↪Quality Council of India (QCI) is the National Monitoring & Implementing Unit (NMIU) for implementation of ZED
●Africa Centre for Climate and Sustainable Development;-
↪centre has been opened by the Italian government in association with the United Nations Development Programme
("UNDP") and the Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO).
↪The centre would facilitate coordination among the G7 and African countries to achieve the goals set by the Paris
Agreement.
●Chilika Lake;-
↪Chilika Lake is the largest coastal lagoon in India and the second largest coastal lagoon in the world.
↪Chilika Lake was designated the first Indian wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention.
↪The Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) will have its first regional centre at Barkul in Odisha for better
management of the Chilika Lake.
●Renke Commission and the Idate Commission↪ have done commendable work in studying the "various problems
faced by Denotified, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Communities "
●INSTEX↪is a payment system which will help "to save the Iran nuclear deal" by allowing Tehran to keep trading with
EU companies despite Washington re-imposing sanctions.
●Rashtriya Gokul Mission
↪Undertake breed improvement programme for indigenous cattle breeds
↪Distribute disease free high genetic merit bulls of indigenous breeds for natural service.
↪It is one of the component of National Programme for Bovine Breeding and Dairy Development (NPBBDD).
●Operation Blue Star;-
↪A Military operation to remove Sikh militants from the Harmandir Sahib Complex in Amritsar, Punjab
●National Agricultural Higher Education Project (NAHEP).
↪Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) launched NAHEP to attract talent and strengthen higher agricultural
education in the country.
↪The project will be funded by the World Bank and the Indian Government on a 50:50 basis.
↪A four year degree in Agriculture, Horticulture, Fisheries and Forestry has been declared a professional degree.
feb 5
●The Jal Marg Vikas Project (JMVP);-
↪on NW-1 (Ganga-Bhagirathi-Hooghly river system)
↪ is being implemented by the Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) with the financial and technical support of
the "World Bank"
●It is for the first time in 13 years that the Maldharis, the nomadic natives of Banni,
Situated near the Great Rann of Kutch, the largest grassland of Asia, spread over 2,717 sq.km [are leaving their villages
in droves as water gets scarce]
●Power Grid Corporation of India Limited.
↪It is the ‘Central Transmission Utility (CTU)’ of the country under Ministry of Power.
↪It is one of the implementing agencies for BharatNet project.
↪It has an active role in formation of SAARC grid.
●Bharat Rang Mahotsav (BRM);-
↪Is an annual theatre festival is organized by the National School of Drama (NSD), was "established two decades ago"
to stimulate the growth and development of theatre across India.
↪BRM has evolved to international scope, hosting theatre groups from around the world,
•It is now the largest theatre festival of Asia.
•The 2019 festival pays tribute to Mahatma Gandhi✍
●Project “Millet Village”↪ is intended for rejuvenating the traditional tribal agriculture in selected hamlets in
Attappady in Palakkad district, "Kerala"
feb 6
●first coastal defence Exercise Sea Vigil;-
↪conducted by the Navy and Coast Guard, in close coordination with State Governments and Union Territories
concluded on 23 Jan 2019.
↪ It was the largest such exercise the country had ever witnessed in recent times and saw participation by more than
100 ships, aircraft and patrol boats manned and operated by various security agencies.
●‘Sustainable Blue Economy Conference’;-
↪The first Sustainable Blue Economy Conference was held in Nairobi, Kenya.
↪The conference was held on momentum of UN’s 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
◆“India endorses the growth of the Blue Economy in a sustainable, inclusive and people centered manner through the
framework of the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA)”
●Financial Stability and Development Council (FSDC);-
↪The Chairman of the FSDC is the Finance Minister of India
↪The members include the heads of the financial sector regulatory authorities (i.e, SEBI, IRDA, RBI, PFRDA and
FMC).
↪Council would monitor macro prudential supervision of the economy.
↪It will also focus on financial literacy and financial inclusion.
●Ramsar Convention;-
↪ is the "intergovernmental treaty" that provides the framework for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and
their resources
↪Convention was adopted in the Iranian city of Ramsar in 1971 and came into force in 1975. Since then, almost 90% of
UN member states, from all the world’s geographic regions, have acceded to become “Contracting Parties”.
↪"Montreux Record" under the Convention is a register of wetland sites on the List of Wetlands of International
Importance where changes in ecological character have occurred [It is maintained as part of the Ramsar List.]
●Operation Smile also called as Operation MUSKAAN;-
↪Is an initiative of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) to rescue/rehabilitate missing children
feb 7
●India currently has 27 sites designated as Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar Sites)⤵
•Ashtamudi Wetland – Kerala
•Bhitarkanika Mangroves – Odisha
•Deepor Beel – Assam
•Keoladeo National Park – Rajasthan etc.
●Global Wage Report;-
↪ is realised by "International Labour Organisation(ILO)"
●Operation Greens;-{The Ministry of Food Processing Industries has launched this scheme}
↪It seeks to promote Farmer Producers Organizations and agri-logistics.
↪It seeks to ensure availability of Tomato, Onion and Potato (TOP) crops throughout the country round the year
without price volatility.
●Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana;-
↪ is scheme for providing Physical Aids and Assisted-living Devices for Senior citizens belonging to BPL category
↪The expenditure for implementation of the scheme will be met from the “Senior Citizens’ Welfare Fund”.
↪As far as possible, 30% of the beneficiaries in each district shall be women.
●Kisan Credit Card Scheme;-
↪The scheme was prepared by the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD).
↪It is implemented by the all Co-operative banks, Regional Rural Banks and Public Sector Banks throughout the
country.
↪It covers risk of KCC holders against death or permanent disability resulting from accidents.
↪Crop loans disbursed under KCC Scheme for notified crops are covered under Crop Insurance Scheme
feb 8
●FAME-India Scheme;-
↪It is aimed at incentivising all vehicle segments, including two-wheelers, three wheeler auto, passenger four-wheeler
vehicle, light commercial vehicles and buses.
↪Department of Heavy Industry is implementing FAME-India Scheme.
↪It was launched under National Electric Mobility Mission (NEMM
●Indian Ocean Naval Symposium (IONS);-
↪It is a voluntary initiative that brings together navies of littoral states of the Indian Ocean Region.
↪It was launched by Indiain 2008.
↪China and Japan are the observer countries.
●As per agriculture Census, the operational holdings are categorised in five size classes as follows⤵
•Marginal: Below 1.00 hectare.
•Small: 1.00-2.00 hectare.
•Semi- Medium: 2.00-4.00 hectare.
•Medium: 4.00-10.00 hectare.
•Large: 10.00 hectare and above
●Agri-Market Infrastructure Fund (AMIF);-
↪ to be created with NABARD for development and up-gradation of agricultural marketing infrastructure in Gramin
Agricultural Markets and Regulated Wholesale Markets.
↪AMIF will provide the State/UT Governments subsidized loan for their proposal for developing marketing
infrastructure in 585 Agriculture Produce Market Committees (APMCs)
↪In these GrAMs, physical and basic infrastructure will be strengthened using MGNREGA and other Government
Schemes
●Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT)
↪It is an independent verification printer machine and is attached to electronic voting machines.
↪The slip contains the name of the candidate and .poll symbol
↪VVPAT machines can be accessed by polling officers only.
●Small Grants Programme (SGP);-{Established in 1992}
↪related to environmental funding. the year of the Rio Earth Summit, the Small Grants Programme embodies the
essence of sustainable development.
↪It is implemented by UNDP on behalf of the GEF partnership
●Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC);-
↪is a statutory market committee constituted by a State Government in respect of trade in certain notified agricultural
or horticultural or livestock products
•Under Constitution of India, agricultural marketing is a state (provincial) subject. •While intra-state trades fall under
the jurisdiction of state governments
•inter-state trading comes under Central
●'Rio de Janeiro' has been recognised as the ‘World Capital of Architecture’ by UNESCO. for 2020
●Pulicat Lagoon↪ is the second largest brackish water lagoon in India, after Chilika Lake.
↪The lake encompasses the Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary.
↪Flamingo festival is an annual three-day festival held in the Pulicat Lake.
●Assam’s Golden Langur Conservation Breeding Programme;-{by Assam}
↪It has achieved its maiden success with the birth of a female offspring at the Assam State Zoo,widely known as
Guwahati Zoo
feb 11
●Human Development Report (HDR);-
↪The Human Development Report(HDR) is an annual report published by United Nations Development Programme
(UNDP).
↪ India ranks 130 on 2018 Human Development Index.
•Between 1990 and 2017, India’s HDI value has been continuously increasing.
●Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) ;-
↪makes it possible to seek patent protection for an invention simultaneously in each of a large number of countries by
filing an “international” patent application
•PCT is administered by WIPO.
●Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria;-
↪It is a partnership organization designed to accelerate the end of AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria as epidemics
•The organization maintains its secretariat in Geneva, Switzerland
●Government e Marketplace;-
↪It facilitates online procurement of goods and services by various Government Departments.
↪Central and State Public Sector Units and local bodies can also make procurement through GeM portal.
↪SEBI empaneled credit rating agencies are being used for conducting third-party assessment of suppliers.
●North Korea↪ is located between⤵
" Korea Bay and Sea of Japan"
feb 12
●H5N1 Virus;-{also called "avian influenza" or “bird flu”}
↪H5N1 is a type of influenza virus that causes a highly infectious, severe respiratory disease in birds
↪Human cases of H5N1 avian influenza occur occasionally, but it is difficult to transmit the infection from person to
person.[ When people do become infected, the mortality rate is about 60%.]
•It is safe to eat properly prepared and cooked poultry and game birds. The virus is sensitive to heat
●India’s strategic crude oil storages;-
↪ are currently located at Visakhapatnam (1.33mt), Mangaluru (1.5 mt) and Padur (2.5mt).
◆In the 2017-18 budget, it was announced that two more such caverns will be set up "Chandikhole in Jajpur district of
Odisha" and "Bikaner in Rajasthan"
●Scheme of Mega Food Park;-{Ministry of Food Processing Industries is implementing Mega Food Park Scheme in the
country}
↪To give a major boost to the food processing sector by adding value and reducing food wastage at each stage of the
supply chain with particular focus on perishables, the .
↪India’s first mega food park ‘Srini Mega Food Park’, sprawling 147-acre space, was opened in Chittoor in Andhra
Pradesh in 2012.
• So far there are Twelve Mega Food Parks
●Stratospheric Aerosol Injection (SAI);-
↪This is a geo-engineering technique that could limit rising temperatures that are causing climate change [Mitigating
Global Warming]
•Scientists have found that spraying sun-dimming chemicals high above the earth to slow global warming could be
remarkably inexpensive costing about $2.25 billion a year over a 15-year period
●Cochlear Implant Awareness Programme;-{organized by the Department of Empowerment of Persons with
Disabilities (Divyangjan), Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment}
↪Cochlear Implant is a modern technology to help young children who have severe to profound deafness in both ears.
(Because of hearing impairment they are not able to speak)
feb 13
●Nirbhaya fund;-
↪It can be utilised for the projects for women safety and security.
↪Fund is administered by Department of Economic Affairs of the finance ministry
↪Ministry of Women and Child Development apart from several other concerned ministries were authorised to work
out details of structure, scope and application of this fund
●Missile Helina.
↪Helina is the helicopter-launched version of the Nag anti-tank guided missile.
↪Helina is the indigenously designed and built missile system.
•Helina range is estimated at between 7 to 8 kilometres
●languages recognized by the Constitution of India;-
↪Languages recognized by the Constitution are under Eighth Schedule of the constitution.
Originally, it had 14 languages but presently there are 22 languages.⤵
Assamese,
Bengali,
Bodo,
Dogri (Dongri),
Gujarati,
Hindi,
Kannada,
Kashmiri,
Konkani,
Mathili (Maithili)
Malayalam,
Manipuri,
Marathi,
Nepali,
Odia,
Punjabi,
Sanskrit,
Santhali,
Sindhi,
Tamil,
Telugu
Urdu.
●G-20 grouping;-
↪The G20 started in 1999 as a meeting of Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors in the aftermath of the
Asian financial crisis.
↪The G20 is supported by United Nations and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
↪2018 G20 summit was held in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
●Global Compact for Migration;-
↪It is the first, intergovernmentally negotiated agreement, prepared under the auspices of the United Nations to
cover all dimensions of international migration.
↪It addresses the risks and challenges for individuals and communities in countries of origin and destination.
↪The global compact is non-legally binding
feb 14
●Advanced Motor Fuels Technology Collaboration Programme.
↪Advanced Motor Fuels (AMF) is the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) transportation related Technology
Collaboration Programme.
↪ It provides scientific information and technology assessments that allow citizens to make science-based decisions
about options involving the use of advanced fuels for transportation systems.
↪India is the contracting party to the programme.[Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas (India) is the contracting party
to the programme]
●Central Ground Water Authority.
↪has been constituted under Section 3 (3) of the "Environment (Protection) Act, 1986" ↪to regulate and control
development and management of ground water resources in the country
●Atomic Energy Regulatory Board;-{was constituted on November 15, 1983, by the President of India}
↪The regulatory authority of AERB is derived from the rules promulgated under the Atomic Energy Act and the
Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
↪ It ensures that the use of nuclear energy in India does not cause undue risk to health and environment
●Elum Valley;-{in Pakistan}
↪Khyber Pakthunkhwa province in Pakistan is planning to construct a heritage park in Elum Valley
↪It has been a site of divinity and pilgrimage for both the Hindu and the Buddhist communities
●Fixed Dose Combinations (FDCs);-
↪FDC is a cocktail of two or more active drug ingredients in a fixed ratio of doses
↪FDCs have shown to be particularly useful in the treatment of infectious diseases like HIV, malaria and tuberculosis
◆According to US healthcare provider IMS Health, almost half the drugs sold in India in 2014 were FDC,[ making
India a world leader in combination drugs]
feb 15
●New species of ‘crying’ snake;-{has been discovered in Lepa-Rada district of "Arunachal Pradesh"}
↪discovery of the non-venomous crying keelback, whose zoological name is Hebius lacrima, [has been published in
Zootaxa, the New Zealand-based scientific mega-journal for animal taxonomy]
●Akshaya Patra Foundation;-
↪ is a not-for-profit organisation headquartered in Bengaluru, India.
↪ Our organisation strives to eliminate classroom hunger by implementing the Mid-Day Meal Scheme in the
government schools and government-aided schools
◆Today, Akshaya Patra is the world’s largest (not-for-profit run) Mid-Day Meal Programme serving wholesome food
every school day to over 1.76 million children
● ‘Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahabhiyan (KUSUM) Scheme;-{Ministry of New and Renewable Energy has
formulated}
↪It includes installation of grid-connected solar power plants each of Capacity up to 2 MW in the rural areas
↪solarisation of existing grid-connected agriculture pumps to make farmers independent of grid supply and also
enable them to sell surplus solar power generated to DISCOM and get extra income.
●Swachh Shakti Programme;-
↪ is a national event which aims to bring in to focus the leadership role played by rural women in Swachh Bharat
Mission
●Formalin;-
↪ is a toxic, colourless solution that is derived by dissolving formaldehyde gas in water.
↪It is a cancer-inducing chemical used to preserve fish and is used as a disinfectant.
•amount of formalin in fish decreases overtime during storage but cannot be removed completely
feb 16
●Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) work towards⤵
↪Making agriculture more productive
↪Help to eliminate malnutrition
↪Reduce rural poverty
↪Increase the resilience of livelihoods to threats and crises etc.
●National Policy on Biofuels – 2018;-
↪Policy encourages setting up of supply chain mechanisms for biodiesel production from non-edible oilseeds, Used
Cooking Oil, short gestation crops
↪The Policy expands the scope of raw material for ethanol production
•ethanol supply year 2017-18 is likely to see a supply of around 150 crore litres of ethanol which will result in savings of
over Rs.4000 crore of forex
●Credit Linked Capital Subsidy Scheme;-
↪aims to facilitate technology up-gradation for.
•Micro Enterprises
•Small Enterprises
↪In other words the major objective is to upgrade their plant & machinery with state-of-the-art technology, with or
without expansion and also for new MSEs which have set up their facilities with appropriate eligible and proven
technology duly approved under scheme guidelines
●National Board for Wildlife;-
↪It is a “Statutory Organization” constituted under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.
↪No alternation of boundaries in national parks and wildlife sanctuaries can be done without approval of the NBWL
↪Its roles is “advisory” in nature and advises the Central Government on framing policies and measures for
conservation of wildlife in the country
•The NBWL is chaired by the Prime Minister
●Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS);-{established in 2003 with the goal of preventing the flow of conflict
diamonds}
↪Kimberley Process (KP) is a commitment to remove con flict diamonds from the global supply chain. Today,
participants actively prevent 99.8% of the worldwide trade
•India is the founding member of KPCS and is the current chair of the scheme
feb 18
●Gram Swaraj Abhiyaan;-
↪Is a campaign that was organised on the occasion of Ambedkar Jayanti during the period 14th April to 05th May,
2018.
•The identified schemes are as follows⤵
↪Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana
↪Saubhagya
↪Ujala scheme
↪Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana
↪Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana
↪Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana and
↪Mission Indradhanush.
●Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban) Programme;- launched by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty
Alleviation (MoHUPA) in Mission mode envisions provision of Housing for All by 2022, when the Nation completes 75
years of its Independence
↪Slum rehabilitation of Slum Dwellers with participation of private developers using land as a resource.
↪Promotion of Affordable Housing for weaker section through credit linked subsidy.
↪Affordable Housing in Partnership with Public & Private sectors.
↪Subsidy for beneficiary-led individual house construction /enhancement
●Small Farmers Agribusiness Consortium (SFAC);-
↪Promotion of development of small agribusiness through Venture Capital Assistance (VCA) scheme.
↪Helping formation of Farmer Producer Organizations (FPOs).
↪Implementation of National Agriculture Market (e-NAM).
●Blue-flame revolution;-
↪related to Providing clean cooking fuel
●PETROTECH conference;-
↪PETROTECH conference is a biennial International Oil & Gas Conference.
↪The event aims to explore areas of growth in petroleum technology, exploration, legal and human resource
development.
•©13th International Oil and Gas Conference – PETROTECH -2019 conference was held in "Greater Noida"
feb 19
●National Commission for Safai Karamcharis (NCSK);-
↪It was constituted on 12th August, 1994 as a statutory body by an Act of Parliament
↪Commission is acting as a "Non-Statutory body" of the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment whose tenure is
extended from time to time through Government Resolutions.
•It takes suo-motu notice of matters relating to non-implementation of programmes or schemes in respect of Safai
Karamcharis.
•It monitors the implementation of The Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and Their Rehabilitation
Act, 2013.
●Vande Bharat Express;-{Earlier,it was known by the name Train-18}
↪It is India’s first indigenously built engineless semi-high speed train
•It runs between "Delhi and Varanasi" at a maximum speed of 160 kmph.
•The train is a 100% ‘Make in India’ project
●Opportunity Rover;-{ is the mission of "NASA"}
↪NASA announced that its Mars Mission, Opportunity has come to an end.
•decision to end the mission was made after all the efforts to restore contact with the Opportunity Mars rover didn’t
yield desired results
●India’s solar market;-
↪India emerged as the "third largest solar market in the world in 2017" behind China and the US
•World’s largest solar park named ‘Shakti Sthala’ was launched in Karnataka.
●e-AUSHADHI portal;-
↪Is an Online Licensing System of AYUSH Medicine
feb 20
●Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme;-{Earlier it was known as ‘Scheme to Promote Voluntary Action for
Persons with Disabilities’}
↪It provides financial assistance to voluntary organizations.
↪It emphasises on education and training programmes.
↪It supports legal literacy, including legal counselling and legal aid.
●SWAYAM Prabha’-a project;^
↪ for operationalising 32 Direct to Home (DTH) Television Channels for providing high quality educational content to
all teachers, students and citizens across the country interested in lifelong learning.
[Utilization of satellite communication technologies for transmission of educational e-contents.]
●Hybrid Annuity Model (HAM);-
↪is a mix of BOT Annuity and EPC models
↪As per the design, the government will contribute to 40% of the project cost in the first five years through annual
payments (annuity)
•There is no toll right for the developer. Under HAM, Revenue collection would be the responsibility of the National
Highways Authority of India (NHAI
●Leadership for Academicians Programme (LEAP);-{launched by Mo HRD}
↪The programme would provide senior faculty the required leadership and managerial skills.
↪The implementation of LEAP Programme will be through 15 NIRF top ranked Indian Institutions.
●Champion Services Sectors as identified by the Government⤵
•Information Technology & Information Technology enabled Services (IT& ITeS)
•Transport and Logistics Services
•Audio Visual Services
•Environmental Services
￾Entertainment and media services
•Legal Services
•Financial Services and
•Education Services. etc
feb 21
●Manufacturing Sector in India;-
↪The share of manufacturing sector in the GDP has been nearly stagnant for the last two decades in India.
↪Among all the South Asian economies, India has the largest size of manufacturing sector
●“Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS)”;-
↪SCO comprises of two regional bodies – SCO Secretariat and SCO-RATS (Regional Anti-Terrorism Structure)
•SCO-RATS is a permanent body of the SCO and is intended to facilitate coordination and interaction between
competent authorities of the SCO Member States in the fight against terrorism, extremism and separatism
•India became a member of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation on 09 June 2017 with the support of all the SCO
Member States.
●National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP);-
↪is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme under the "Ministry of Rural Development"
•It aims to provide financial assistance to the elderly, widows and persons with disabilities in the form of social
pensions
●E-commerce sector in India;-
E-commerce companies can operate under two different models in India
•1.e-commerce firm↪ simply acts as a platform that connects buyers and sellers. (FDI is allowed in e-commerce
companies in this model)
2. inventory-basedwhere ↪the inventory of goods sold on the portal is owned or controlled by the e-commerce
company. (FDI is not allowed under this model)
●Mahila Police Volunteers (MPVs)
↪It is a joint initiative with the Union Ministry of Home Affairs and Union Ministry of Women & Child Development.
↪Haryana is the first state to adopt the initiative.
↪One Mahila Police Volunteer (MPV) is envisaged per Gram Panchayat across the country.
•Their primary job will be to keep an eye on situations where women in the village are harassed or their rights and
entitlements are denied or their development is prevented
feb 22
◆ International Rice Research Institute (IRRI)
〰IRRI is known for its work in developing rice varieties that contributed to the Green Revolution in the 1960s.
〰It aims reduce poverty and hunger, improve the health of rice farmers and consumers.
〰It is the largest non-profit agricultural research center in Asia.
〰 Prime Minister dedicated the 6th International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), South Asia Regional Center (ISARC)
to the nation. (The Institute is built at the campus of National Seed Research and Training Center (NSRTC) in
Varanasi)
◆Priority Sector Lending Certificates’ (PSLC) scheme of the Reserve Bank of India.
〰to allow a more efficient implementation of the priority sector lending mandate (with similar schemes extending to
possible financial service mandates also).
〰Any registered lender who has made loans to eligible categories would get ‘Priority Sector Lending Certificates’
(PSLC) for the amount of these loans.
〰No loss would be borne by the certificate “buyer” in case the loan turns into a bad asset.
◆Elephant in india;-
〰Karnataka has highest number of elephants followed by Assam and Kerala. 〰Elephant is listed as "endangered
species" under IUCN List.
◆Jim Corbett National Park;-
〰is the oldest national park in India and was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park to protect the endangered
Bengal tiger
〰Its whole area comprises of hills, marshy depressions, riverine belts, grasslands and large lake.
〰The park has sub-Himalayan belt geographical and ecological characteristics.
〰It is the place where Project Tiger was first launched in 1973.
◆Status of trace and toxic metals in Indian rivers 2018’.
〰It is published by Central Water Commission.
〰According to the report, Ganga is polluted with five heavy metals—chromium, copper, nickel, lead and iron.
feb 25
◆United Nations General Assembly proclaimed 2019 as the International Year of Indigenous
Languages
~> based on a resolution of the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues. [
General Assembly resolution requested UNESCO as the lead UN agency for coordination of the year.]
◆Financial Sector Legislative Reforms Commission (FSLRC)
~>is a body set up by the Government of India, Ministry of Finance, on 24 March 2011,( to review and rewrite the
legal-institutional architecture of the Indian financial sector.)
• This Commission is chaired by a former Judge of the Supreme Court of India, Justice "B. N. Srikrishna"
◆Operation Digital Board (ODB);-
~>aims at converting a class room into a digital class room and provide e-resources at any time and at any place to
students.
~>The digital board will be introduced all over the country(Not only in Aspirational Districts) in government and
government aided schools from class 9th onwards as well as in higher education institutions.
•The Operation Digital Board (ODB) will be implemented in the Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) by the
University Grants Commission (UGC)
◆Atmospheric Water Generator;-
~> is being manufactured by BEL in collaboration with CSIR-IICT and MAITHRI, a start-up company based in
Hyderabad.
•BEL’s Atmospheric Water Generator employs a novel technology to extract water from the humidity present in the
atmosphere and purify it.
•It uses heat exchange for condensing the atmospheric moisture to produce pure, safe and clean potable water
◆Financial Action Task Force (FATF);-
~>is an inter-governmental body established in 1989 by the Ministers of its Member jurisdictions.
•The objectives of the FATF are to set standards and promote effective implementation of legal, regulatory and
operational measures for combating money laundering, terrorist financing
•India is a full-fledged member of FATF
feb 26
◆Prompt Corrective Action (PCA) framework.;-
~>Reserve Bank of India (RBI) issues a Prompt Corrective Action (PCA) framework to maintain sound financial health
of banks.
~>It is intended to encourage banks to eschew certain riskier activities and focus on conserving capital.
•framework is not intended to constrain the performance of normal operations of the banks for the general public.
◆Delhi-Ghaziabad-Meerut Corridor of Regional Rapid Transit System (RRTS) covering a distance of 82.15
kms.
~> RRTS is a first-of-its-kind, rail-based, high-speed regional transit system to be implemented in India.
~>Once operational, it will be the fastest, most comfortable and safest mode of commuter transport in the National
Capital Region (NCR).
~>The RRTS aims to streamline the urban transportation system, which is stressed due to intensive developments, and
increase in the number of private vehicles
Rrts is Joint Venture company of Government of India and States of Delhi, Haryana, Rajasthan and Uttar
Pradesh
◆safe city project include
•Implementing Safety measures in buses.
•Setting up Pink Toilets.
•Automated number plate reading machines to be deployed in extremely sensitive areas. etc.
◆VISION ZERO conference
~>is fast gaining international acceptance and is expected to leverage the efforts of the Government of India "to raise
the occupational safety and health standards in the country" so as to improve the occupational safety and health
situation
•Vision is based on principles of Controlling Risks, Ensuring Safety and Health in Machines, Equipment and
Workplaces and Skill Upgradation of Workforce.
◆National Mission on Interdisciplinary Cyber-Physical Systems (NM-ICPS);-
•is a comprehensive Mission which would address technology development, application development, human resource
development & skill enhancement, entrepreneurship and start-up development in CPS and associated technologies
feb 27
◆Green Climate Fund (GCF);-
~>is a fund established within the framework of the UNFCCC as an operating entity of the Financial Mechanism to
"assist developing countries in adaptation and mitigation practices to counter climate change."
•The GCF is based in Incheon, South Korea.
◆POSHAN Abhiyaan
~> is a multi-ministerial convergence mission with the vision to ensure attainment of malnutrition free India by 2022
•Mission is aimed at improving the nutritional status of Children from 0-6 years, Adolescent Girls, Pregnant Women
and Lactating Mothers in a time bound manner during the next three years
•It Incentivizes Anganwadi Workers (AWWs) for using IT based tools.
◆Khelo India programme:
{It is an initiative of Ministry of Sports and Youth affairs.}
•Traditional games like Kabaddi and Kho-Kho are part of the programme.
•One of the component is the promotion of sports amongst people with disabilities
•Talented players identified in priority sports disciplines at various levels by the High-Powered Committee will be
provided annual financial assistance of "INR 5 lakh per annum for 8 years."
◆Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has been established under Food Safety and
Standards Act, 2006 for performing the following functions
•To provide scientific advice to both Central and State Governments in the matters of framing the policy and rules in
areas which have a direct bearing of food safety and nutrition.
•Provide training programmes for persons who are involved in food businesses.
•Contribute to the development of international technical standards for food, sanitary and phyto-sanitary standards.
◆Astana Declaration
~>aims to refocus efforts on primary health care to ensure that everyone everywhere is able to enjoy the highest
possible attainable standard of health.
•[Global Conference on Primary Health Care in Astana, Kazakhstan in October 2018 endorsed a new declaration
emphasizing the critical role of primary health care around the world]
feb 28
◆GSAT-7A;-{launched by ISRO}
~It has been placed in the geostationary orbit and this communication satellite is expected to help the IAF to interlink
different ground radar stations, airbases and AWACS (Airborne Warning And Control System) aircraft.
◆Central Road and Infrastructure Fund (CRIF).
~Central Road Fund Act, 2000 was amended to use proceeds of the road cess under CRIF to finance infrastructure
projects such as waterways, some portion of the railway infrastructure and even social infrastructure.
•Work related to the Central Road and Infrastructure Fund (CRIF) has been taken away from the Ministry of Road
Transport and Highways and brought under the domain of the Finance Ministry.
[It will now be under the Department of Economic Affairs (DEA), Finance Ministry.]
◆Hayabusa2 spacecraft ;-{Japan Space Exploration Agency (JAXA) }
~It had successfully landed on an asteroid- Ryugu– 300 million km from Earth.
◆Global Soil Biodiversity Atlas.;-{prepared by the World Wide Fund for Nature.}
•India is among countries whose soil biodiversity faces the highest level of risk.
Soil biodiversity encompasses the presence of micro-organisms, micro-fauna and macro-fauna.
•indicating threats from loss of above-ground diversity, pollution and nutrient over-loading, over-grazing, intensive
agriculture, fire, soil erosion, desertification and climate change
◆report Regulatory Indicators for Sustainable Energy (RISE) 2018 ;-{ released by World Bank}
~charting global progress on sustainable energy policies.

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