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Quiz Revision 'October 2018'

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1ST OCTO "QUIZ R"
●Brus(tribes);- ↪In 1997, some 40,000 Brus got displaced from Mizoram to Tripura.
●Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi ↪Is the first tomb to be built on the Persian charbagh plan of paradisiacal tombs.
●Metric system( universal system of measurement);- •was created by↪France
●Biomagnification of polychlorinated biphenyls(PCBs);- ↪chemical pollutants remain a deadly threat to animals at the top of the food chain ↪Is one of the following processes threatens the survival of "orcas" the most.
●Stockholm Convention;- ↪Is an international environmental treaty, signed in 2001 & effective from May 2004, ↪that aims to eliminate or restrict the production & use of persistent organic pollutants.
•Annex A (Elimination)↪Parties must take measures to eliminate the production and use of the chemicals listed under Annex A. [Specific exemptions for use or production are listed in the Annex & apply only to Parties that register for them].
•Annex B (Restriction)↪Parties must take measures to restrict the production and use of the chemicals listed under Annex B [in light of any applicable acceptable purposes or specific exemptions listed in the Annex].
•Annex C (Unintentional production)↪Parties must take measures to reduce the unintentional releases of chemicals listed under Annex C.
 ◆Mercury is not listed under the Stockholm Convention.



2ND OCTO "QUIZ R"
●Southeast of the Arabian Sea the 'Lakshadweep atolls' form part of the submarine Maldive Ridge,
↪ which extends farther south into the Indian Ocean where it rises above the surface to form the atolls of the Maldives.
●Great Indian Migration;- ↪Most of the current & future demographic potential is locked in the northern States,( largely located in Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, & UP).  ↪migration trend is evident, with established flows of young people from these States to other parts.  •these five States will account for more than 55% of population growth in India till 2030.
●Kuttanad Wetland Agriculture System;-( KERALA ) ↪it is the only system in India that favours rice cultivation below sea level in the land created by draining delta swamps in brackish waters.
●Kamangari art;- ↪Kamangari bhint chitro or wall paintings was once a thriving art form in 18th century Kutch, used to embellish the palaces and homes of the affluent ↪For all its beauty, Kamangari does not appear to have a consistent style. If you look at two paintings, you will see the difference in the treatment and rendering.  predominantly mythological, with scenes from the Ramayana or Krishna Leela. Royal processions was another favourite. The landscape was another rich source of material, and date palms and peacocks and scenes from everyday life were common.
●Chennai;- ↪One theory states it is derived from the Portuguese term for ‘Mother of God' ↪another says it is the shortening of the name of a 'fishing village'.  ●Kochi;- ↪also Called the "Queen of the Arabian Sea" ↪ this city was an important spice trading centre on the west coast of India.  ↪The name is believed to have come from either the local word for ‘small lagoon’ or ‘harbour’. ●Poona;- ↪oldest reference of this city’s name is found on a copper plate dating back to the Rashtrakuta Dynasty ↪Its name means ‘city of virtue’  ↪ it is referred to as ‘Oxford of the East’ due to the presence of several educational institutions.



3RD OCTO "Quiz Revision"
●S-400 “Triumph” missile defence system;- ↪India has obtained a contract to acquire S-400 anti- ballistic missile systems from Moscow(Russia) •It has a range of 400km •It can hit targets at a height of up to 30km . It can track up to 80 targets simultaneously .
●strike-slip event;- ( reference-  recent catastrophic tsunami event on Sulawesi island )  ↪magnitude 7.5 quake was certainly large – one of the biggest recorded anywhere on the globe this year. ↪ where the ground breaks horizontally.↪ Strike-slip quakes can cause tsunami events but the 6m-tall waves that crashed ashore at Palu city (Indonesia) surprised everyone.
●Mass movements of weathered materials;-•Soil Creep↪is a slow, gradual but more or less continuous movement of soil down hill slopes.  •Solifluction↪ occurs when soil is completely saturated with water, and individual soil particles are almost suspended in water & move easily over one another and the underlying rock.
● type 2 strain of polio virus (P2);- ↪It was found during a routine environmental surveillance which involves collecting sewage samples from high-risk sites on a weekly basis. [P2 was eradicated globally in 1999] •In 2016, India stopped administering the Trivalent Oral Polio Vaccine and replaced it with the bivalent vaccine that does not contain any live attenuated P2 strain.
●International Civil Aviation Organisation;- ↪ICAO is a UN specialized agency,  ↪established in 1944 to manage the administration & governance of the Convention on International Civil Aviation (Chicago Convention).




7th octo holiday

8TH OCTO QUIZ  "Quiz Revision"
●Global Pact for Environment;- ↪will be the first international legally binding document, gathering and harmonizing all environmental laws in one single document.  ↪Its objective is to be an essential tool for governments to help them implementing environmental rules & principles in their own country •seeks to address "Fragmented nature of international environment law".
●President can nominate Anglo-Indians to the Rajya Sabha if they have special knowledge or practical experience in art, literature, science and social service •Article 170↪Governor of a State may, if he is of opinion that the Anglo Indian community needs representation in the Legislative Assembly of the State and is not adequately represented therein, nominate one member of that community to the Assembly
●Accommodative monetary policy;- ↪ occurs when a central bank attempts to expand the overall money supply to boost the economy when growth is slowing (as measured by GDP).
●Malikapurnams;- ↪all female devotees below the age of 10 and above the age of 50 are called “Malikapurnams”[Which could not traditionally enter 'Sabarimala temple' as they were considered 'impure' by virtue of being of reproducting age & hence mensurating] •related to 'Right to Freedom of Religion'
●G4;- ↪aims to ensure permanent membership on UN Security Council consist of⤵ •Brazil, Germany, India and Japan ( BIGJ)



9TH OCTO QUIZ "Quiz Revision"
●Sinjar mountains range;- ↪found in North-west Iraq, near Iraq-Syria border.
●IPC Section;-•153A↪Promoting enmity b/w different groups on grounds of religion, race, place of birth, residence, language, etc. •295A↪ Deliberate & malicious acts, intended to outrage religious feelings of any class by insulting its religion or religious beliefs
●Canine distemper virus (CDV);- ↪Is a viral disease that affects a wide variety of animal families •Gujarat Forest Department has started vaccination of lions in Gir sanctuary to protect them from a deadly CDV •Gir sanctuary is the only wild population of Asiatic lions in the world
●Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary;- ↪Is a wildlife reserve in the Morigaon district of the state of Assam in India. It is located about 30 km east of Guwahati
●Comprehensive Integrated Border Management System;- ↪Is a new mode of guarding the border without exposing the jawans to bullets from the other side [Through advanced sensors & radars,CIBMS has the capability to detect any type of movement on ground, water or below the ground] •It plan to stop infiltration on 2900 kilometres "western border with Pakistan" [Any person trying to enter India from Gujarat to J&K can be tracked by multiple technologies]Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh recently inaugurated the first phase of hi-tech ‘smart fencing’ of a 11 km stretch on the International Border (IB) in Jammu. The 740-km Line of Control in Kashmir is under the operational control of the Army and the 192-km International Border in Jammu is manned by the BSF.



10TH OCTO QUIZ
●Gloriosa superba;-  ↪it is the state flower of 'Tamil Nadu' ↪this plant contains a number of types of alkaloids and some non-alkaloidal medicinal compounds  ↪Is widely used in native medicinal compositions and in the treatment of gout and as a pain killer in allopathic medicine.  Its export was once banned as it was listed as an endangered species.
●Nuclear power's share of global electricity production has fallen from 16.5% in 1997 to about 10% in 2017,[ because the economics of nuclear power have become more difficult]
•India is the third-biggest consumer of crude oil •Globally, the share of natural gas as an energy resource has increased in the past few years
●Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5°C;- {commissioned by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)} ↪If the average global temperature rises by more than 1℃ from the present, India could “annually” expect conditions like the 2015 heat wave that killed at least 2,000 ↪Paris Climate Pact calls for efforts to be pursued to limit the temperature increase to 1.5˚C above pre-industrial levels •In order to limit global warming to 1.5˚C⤵ ↪Global emissions of CO2 need to decline by 45% from 2010 levels by 2030 ↪Renewables are estimated to provide up to 85% of global electricity by 2050 ↪Coal is expected to reduce to close to zero
↪Global net zero emissions by 2050 •this new study from the IPCC is clearly links lifestyle choices with warming °report’s authors say that rapid changes must take place in four key parts of society⤵ ~energy generation ~land use ~cities ~industry


11TH OCTO QUIZ "Quiz Revision"
●Abhijnanashakuntala;- ↪drama composed by Kalidasa (in about 5th century CE ) ↪this work tells of the seduction of a beautiful young woman by a King, his rejection of the girl and his child, and their subsequent reunion in heaven
●Eastern Ghats;-{also known as Purva Ghat or Mahendra parvatam} ↪Are a discontinuous range of mountains (also known as Malyadri ) running parallel to the Bay of Bengal along India’s eastern coast from West Bengal state in the north, through Odisha and Andhra Pradesh to Tamil Nadu in the south passing some parts of Karnataka ↪They play an important role in the monsoon break of both North-East and South-West Monsoon
●Goalkeepers Global Youth Outlook Poll;-{ conducted by "Ipsos and Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation"}
↪Nearly 50% Indians surveyed in Poll said that their biggest worry was 'unemployment'
●Wing Loong II;- ↪Is a drone that can carry bombs and air-to- surface weapons ↪It is designed for both reconnaissance and strike missions •China has agreed to sell 48 Wing Loong II high-end armed drones to Pakistan .  Heron, Wing Loong, MQ-9 Reaper ( America ) and Sea Guardian - drones.
●Ecological succession;- ↪Is the process by which the structure of a biological community evolves over time °[It can occur in lifeless areas⤵ •Primary succession ↪occurs in essentially lifeless areas—regions in which the soil is incapable of sustaining life as a result of such factors as lava flows •Secondary succession ↪occurs in areas where a community that previously existed has been removed.



12TH OCTO  "Quiz Revision"
●Details are necessary to be filled up in affidavit to be submitted by candidates along with their nomination papers to stand for elections⤵ ©I was thinking Aadhar & PAN to hoga hi [You know i'm still thinking ?!] •Social media account(s) of the candidate •Cases of conviction • Details of assets of candidate, his/her spouse and all dependents • liabilities and educational qualifications
●ShinMaywa US-2;-{anyone know or Search what is US here!!,Mera moond ni hai! aaj} ↪Is a Japanese large STOL amphibious aircraft designed for air-sea rescue work ↪India is all set to acquire Japan's US-2i amphibian search and rescue aircraft in a deal [deal has been hanging fire since 2014 when Indian officials raised objections over the platform’s high cost]
●Information Fusion Centre(IFC);- ↪play an important role in strengthening Maritime Domain Awareness and maritime safety and security •We have a fusion centre in Madagascar in the West.[ IFC in Madagascar covers the maritime domain in eastern and southern Africa, including the Indian Ocean region]
●Ministry of Road Transport and Highways’ annual report;- ↪Overall fatalities in road accidents declined marginally ↪Pedestrians and cyclists suffered the biggest spike in fatalities in road accidents across the country ↪One of the SDG targets is to halve the number of global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents by 2020
●Centre for the Fourth Industrial Revolution;-{announced in India by 'World Economic Forum'} ↪aim to bring together the government & business leaders to pilot emerging technology policies •4th industrial revolution is conceptualised as an upgrade on the third revolution[Is marked by a fusion of technologies straddling physical, digital & biological worlds] •There are four such centres established across the world [San Francisco (HQ), Tokyo, Beijing &  Mumbai]



13TH OCTO QUIZ
JAM Number Trinity solution is based on the premise that  An individual’s Aadhaar number will be linked to his/her mobile number and Permanent Account Number.  Economic Survey 2014-15: “Eliminating or phasing down subsidies is neither feasible nor desirable unless accompanied by other forms of support to cushion the poor and vulnerable and enable them to achieve their economic aspirations. The JAM Number Trinity –  Jan Dhan Yojana,  Aadhaar and Mobile numbers – allows the state to offer this support to poor households in a targeted and less distortive way..”
 The Bank for International Settlements (BIS) highlights some important characteristics that need to be in place for currency internationalisation. The most critical among these is a) Exporters, whether from the country concerned or others, must be able to invoice their exports in that currency.  b) A range of entities including private and official companies and banks as well as individuals, should be able to hold the amounts they desire.  c) The issuing country must have no restrictions on purchase or sale of that currency by any entity.  d) Both domestic and foreign firms and institutions should be able to issue marketable instruments in that country's currency, irrespective of place of issue.  Currency internationalization is the widespread use of a currency outside the borders of its country of issue. The level of currency internationalization for a currency is determined by the demand other countries have for that currency. Such currencies will also tend to be held as reserve currencies. The Bank for International Settlements (BIS) highlights some important characteristics (all options listed above) that need to be in place for internationalization. The most critical is that the government of the issuing country has no restrictions on purchase or sale of that currency by any entity.
Cash Reserve Ratio is a measure of the reserves that banks need to hold with RBI in the form of cash. Liquidity Coverage Ratio is a measure of highly liquid assets which can be easily converted into cash that banks are required to hold.  SLR, or statutory liquidity ratio, is a measure of the reserves that commercial banks are required to hold in the form of government bonds, gold, and similar liquid assets. All three are policy tools used by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to influence the total amount of reserves held by banks at any point in time. These reserve requirements, in turn, influence the amount of loans that banks can extend to borrower.
 The World Development Report is an annual publication of  World Bank  The World Bank released recently a Human Capital Index (HCI) as part of the World Development Report 2019.
 As per the latest Agricultural Census The total number and cumulative area of small land holdings showed an increase in 2015-16 compared to 2010-11. The total number and area of medium as well as large landholdings declined in 2015-16 compared to 2010-11.



14TH OCTO QUIZ HOLIDAY


15TH OCTO QUIZ "Quiz Revision"
●Serengeti National Park;-{located in Tanzania} ↪Canine Distemper Virus(CDV) has in the past infected several wild animals across the world  ↪In 1994, it wiped out a third of the lions in Tanzania’s Serengeti National Park]. The virus has in the past infected several wild animals across the world: coyotes, foxes and pandas.
●Tashkent Declaration↪ had called for “direct negotiation with the Taliban without any preconditions.” •“Moscow format”↪in which Russia involves regional countries and major powers in an effort to draw the Taliban into negotiations with the Afghan leadership.
●Pandavani;- ↪is a form of rustic entertainment, sung, partly improvised, narration of stories from the Mahabharata.  ↪ A 61-year old exponent ( Teejan Bai from Chhatisgarh ) of this art form recently was bestowed with one of Japan’s greatest honours, the Fukuoka Arts and Culture Prize •Pandavani is rustic entertainment, popular in the tribal areas of Chhattisgarh and neighbouring States.
●Chandra X-Ray Observatory;- ↪Is a NASA telescope that looks at black holes, quasars, supernovas, and all sources of high energy in the universe ↪ It shows a side of the cosmos that is invisible to the human eye
◆telescope is named after the Nobel Prize-winning Indian-American astrophysicist 'Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar'🇮🇳
●Duar formations’ are important in the Darjeeling, Sikkim and Arunachal Himalayas. for the development of tea gardens. •These formations, when compared to the other sections of the Himalayas, replace the 'Shiwaliks'.



16th october  "Quiz Revision"
●Section 33 of Representation of People’s Act 1951;- ↪A candidate can simultaneously contest from no more than two constituencies [in LS,RS ,State houses/councils elections (including by-elections)] ●Section 151A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951;- ↪By-elections are to be held within six months of occurrence of the vacancy in any House of Parliament or a state legislature.  •But, this condition is not applicable in two cases⤵ 1) Where the remainder of the term of the member whose vacancy is to be filled is less than one year 2)When the Election Commission in consultation with the Central Government, certifies that it is difficult to hold the by-elections within the said period.
●Article 279(A)(4)(f);-©↪GST Council shall make recommendations to the Union and the States on any special rate or rates for a "specified period", to raise additional resources during any natural calamity or disaster.
●Article 2 of the constitution of USA;- ↪the President has the power to make a nomination to the Supreme Court, which must be approved by the Senate .
●Narasu Appa Mali case;- ↪Bombay High Court ruled(in 1951)that personal laws cannot be set aside even if they were in violation of fundamental rights. In doing so, the court kept personal laws beyond Article 13 of the Constitution
•Justice D.Y. Chandrachud, in his separate opinion(in Sabarimala case) held that the reasoning given in the Narasu Appa Mali judgment of the Bombay High Court in 1951 was based on flawed premises.[Immunising customs and usages, like the prohibition of women in Sabarimala, takes away the primacy of the Constitution]



17th "Quiz Revision"
●Agriculture Census;- ↪first comprehensive Agriculture Census was carried out with Agriculture year 1970-71 as the reference. ↪It is a part of the World Agriculture Census Programme, managed by the Food and Agriculture Organisation(FAO) ↪They are carried out at five-year intervals. The Census is carried out by the States/Union Territories under the overall technical and administrative support from the Ministry of Agriculture.  It is a Central Sector Scheme being financed completely by the Govt. of India.
   ●‘Operational land’ used for agricultural production. As per the Agriculture Census 2015-16, since 1970-71 •number of landholdings have more than doubled •The average size of landholdings have more than halved   •there is a rise in the number of female land holders.
●Around 20% of crop residue in India is burnt annually;- because of ⤵ •Short interval between crops✔ •Mechanisation of farming✔ ©•Shortage of agricultural labour.
●India-China relations;- ↪As per the 2012 Common Understanding, boundary points between India, China and a third country would be determined in consultation with the third country.  ↪At the Wuhan informal summit, it was decided that China and India would coordinate their approaches for engaging a third country or set of countries in South Asia and beyond.  ●India not held or agreed to hold tri-services military exercise with 'United Kingdom(UK)'. •We have agreed on a bilateral tri-service exercise with France.



18th october "Quiz Revision"
●Bern Treaty of 1874;- ↪established the General Postal Union, which is today known as the Universal Postal Union. ↪treaty provides a uniform framework of rules and procedures for the exchange of international mails.
●Kurinji flower;-{or Neelakurinji}  ↪Is One of the rarest flowers in the world, ↪Neelakurinji blooms just once every 12 years in India’s south-western state of Kerala ↪Paliyan tribe, a nomadic community in this region, calculates age by the number of Kurinji flowering cycles one has seen.
●Mount Vesuvius;-{situated in Italy} ↪Historians have long believed that Mount Vesuvius erupted on 24 August 79 AD, destroying the nearby Roman city of Pompeii. But now, an inscription has been uncovered dated to mid-October – almost two months later.
●'Clean Up the World' programme;-{established in 1993}↪Is a not-for-profit, non-government apolitical event that unites communities with a common focus to protect the environment.  ↪It engages an estimated 35 million volunteers in 130 countries each year, making it one of the largest community-based environmental campaigns in the world
• Is the global outreach programme of Clean Up Australia.



19th october "Quiz Revision"
●Zika virus;- ↪the virus strain in the recent outbreak of Zika Virus Fever in Rajasthan is closely related to the Brazilian strain from 2015 •first confirmed Indian case occurred in 2016 in Gujarat •infection remains asymptomatic in about 80% of cases, allowing the virus to silently spread from one person to another. (It can also spread from a pregnant mother to the foetus).
●Ghost gear ↪any fishing equipment that has been lost, discarded or abandoned in water bodies which includes lines, traps, hooks, dredges and buoys.  ↪Ghost nets can kill marine wildlife, including vulnerable species, and destroy the benthic ecosystems that exist at the lowest level of a body of water.
●Hand-in-Hand;- ↪Is an annual joint army exercise b/w India & China ↪drill was cancelled last year due to tense relations in the aftermath of the Doklam standoff [now will resume] .
●Recent gap analysis of more than 3.5 lakh villages by Mo Rural Development was based on six broad parameters⤵
•Infrastructure •Economic development & livelihood •Irrigation facilities •Health, Nutrition and Sanitation  •Women’s Empowerment  •Financial Inclusion. The Rural Development Ministry has done a gap analysis of more than 3.5 lakh villages, in more than 1.6 lakh panchayats under the Mission Antyodaya convergence scheme.



20th october  "Quiz Revision"
●Draft India Cooling Action Plan (ICAP);- ↪provides recommendations to address cooling requirements across sectors, and ways to provide access to sustainable cooling for all over a 20 year period (2017-18 to 2037-38) • It has been recognised that sustainable cooling is at the intersection of three international multilateral agreements ⤵ 1)Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol, 2) Paris Agreement under (UNFCCC)  3)Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of 2030.
●Supreme Court declared that Section 377 of IPC(homosexuality) violated⤵ •Right to equality(Article 14) •Right to privacy(under Article 21) •Right to freedom of speech and expression [Article 19(1)(a)].
●Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats;- ↪GoI provides financial & technical assistance to the State/UT Governments for activities aimed at wildlife conservation •scheme has following three components⤵ 1)Support to Protected Areas (National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries, Conservation Reserves and Community Reserves) 2)Protection of Wildlife Outside Protected Areas 3)Recovery programmes for saving critically endangered species and habitats.
●Dharma Guardian -2018;-{India & Japan} ↪will be the first ever " joint military exercise" involving the armies of India and Japan (  Indian Army and Japan Ground Self Defence Force.  commenced at Counter Insurgency and Jungle Warfare School, Vairengete, Mizoram, India. )


21 holiday


22st october  "QUICK REVISION"✍
●100k Genome Asia Project;- ↪Is a non-profit consortium with an ambitious plan to sequence 100,000 Asian individuals(including 50k Indians) in hopes of accelerating precision medicine applications for 'Asian populations' ↪enhance our understanding of several rare and inherited diseases, as well as chronic diseases such as cancer, diabetes & cardiovascular disease.
●BepiColombo;- ↪is a joint mission of the European Space Agency(ESA) and Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency(JAXA) to the planet Mercury •Mission comprises two spacecraft⤵ 1)Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO)↪will study the surface and internal composition of the planet 2)Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO)↪will study Mercury’s magnetosphere ◆Mercury ↪is one planet that doesn’t really fit with our theories for how the Solar System formed, and we can’t understand our planet fully unless we’re able to explain this planet as well.
●Nobel Peace Prize is given by Norway[other 4 Nobel awards by Sweden]
●Rollover Risk’;-(In economics) ↪Is a risk associated with the refinancing of debt.[ Is commonly faced by countries and companies when their debt is about to mature and needs to be rolled over into new debt]



23rd "QUICK REVISION"
●‘India Remembers’ project;- ↪ an India-wide initiative designed to raise awareness of the contribution and sacrifices made by India’s servicemen and women since 1914 [World War -I]
●Indian National Army(INA);-{Azad Hind Fauj} ↪Idea of INA was first conceived in Malaya by Mohan Singh(an Indian officer of British Indian Army) ↪when he decided not to join the retreating British Army and instead turned to the Japanese for help.
●World War-1 created a new economic & political situation;-like⤵ •Income tax was introduced. •There was forced recruitment for the army in rural areas. •Crop failure resulted in acute shortages of food ◆According to the census of 1921, 12 to 13 million people perished as a result of famines and the epidemic.
●India’s ethanol production has been lagging consumption(for last four years) •Both consumption (orange line, Left hand side graph) and production (purple line, right hand side graph) have not been following consistent trends over the past decade.
●Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty-1987;-↪Treaty required US & Soviet Union to eliminate & permanently forswear all of their nuclear & conventional ground-launched ballistic/ cruise missiles with ranges of 500 to 5,500 KM •D Trump has announced that he would “terminate” the INF Treaty [US Report that Russia is in violation of its INF Treaty obligations]. intermediate-range and shorter-range (or “medium-range”) land-based missiles (which could carry nuclear warheads). It was the first arms-control treaty to abolish an entire category of weapon systems. In addition, two protocols to the treaty established unprecedented procedures for observers from both nations to verify first-hand the other nation’s destruction of its missiles. The INF Treaty defined intermediate-range ballistic missiles (IRBMs) and ground-launched cruise missiles (GLCMs) as those having ranges of 1,000 to 5,500 km (620 to 3,400 miles) and shorter-range ballistic missiles (SRBMs) as those having ranges from 500 to 1,000 km.



24TH October   "QUICK REVISION"
●Direct tax base data;-{FY 2013-14 to FY 2017-18} •Direct tax base has shown a growth of around 80% in terms of the number of returns filed in the last four financial years[from 3.79 crore in financial year (FY) 2013-14 to 6.85 crore in FY 2017-18.] •Direct tax-GDP ratio rose to 5.98% in FY 2017-18, the highest it has been in the last 10 years •Number of persons filing income tax returns also increased by about 65% during this period from 3.31 crore in FY 2013-14 to 5.44 crore in FY 2017-18.
●Prison Statistics India 2015 report;-{by National Crime Records Bureau} •Occupancy rate at the all India level at the end of 2015 was 114.4 per cent  • 67% of the people in Indian jails are undertrials — people not convicted of any crime & currently on trial in a court of law.
●International Conference on Status & Protection of Coral Reefs (STAPCOR – 2018);-{held at Bangaram coral Island, Lakshadweep} ↪Is an international conference in every 10 years to review the status & progress of coral reefs all over the world.  Theme↪“Reef for Life” •coral reefs↪are skeletons of tiny marine animal called polyps. 1st in 1997, 2nd in 2008.
●Migingo Island;-{located in Lake Victoria,Africa}↪is a small rock Island(about half the size of a football pitch} ↪Migingo has been a source of tension b/w Uganda & Kenya,(unable to decide to whom it really belongs)
●Hong Kong-Zhuhai bridge;-{World’s longest sea crossing}↪bridge has cost about $20bn (spans 55km) ↪connects Hong Kong to Macau and the mainland Chinese city of Zhuhai [crosses the sea of Pearl River Delta]








26th october "QUICK REVISION"
●Mexico have borders with Belize & Guatemala and USA [Only]
●Vineet Narain v. Union of India in 1997  ↪laid out several steps to secure the autonomy of CBI. [ CVC was accorded statutory status in 2003 only after a directive in this judgment].
●Amitava Roy Committee;- ↪it is to look into the entire gamut of "reforms to the prison system". ↪ But this is not the first time that such a body is being set up, examples being the Justice A.N. Mulla committee and the Justice Krishna Iyer committee on women prisoners (both in the 1980s).
●Rani Jhansi Regiment;- ↪Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose laid down the foundation for equal opportunity for women in armed forces ↪through the formation of a women’s regiment named in honour of "Rani Lakshmi Bai".



27th October  "QUICK REVISION"
●#Caravanmigrante;- ↪Donald Trump criticised a number of Central American countries for allowing people to leave the region and come “illegally” to the US. Trump also threatened to cut off foreign aid to these countries ↪thousands of migrants from Central America have been trudging north towards the US. [They say they are fleeing persecution, poverty and violence in their home countries of Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador].
●Formosa Strait;-{also called Taiwan Strait} ↪lies between the coast of China’s Fukien province and the island of Taiwan [Southwest to Northeast between the South and East China Seas].
●Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016;-⤵ ↪It violates Article 14 of the Constitution. ↪It could hurt relations with Bangladesh. ↪It allows cancellation of Overseas Citizen of India registration for violation of any law which could be minor offences.
●Cabinet Mission rejected the demand for a full-fledged Pakistan⤵ ↪Pakistan so formed would include a large non-Muslim population-38% in the North-West and 48% in the North-East ↪deep-seated regional ties would be disturbed if Bengal and Punjab were partitioned ↪division of armed forces would be dangerous etc.




29th october  "QUICK REVISION"
●125th anniversary of universal female suffrage in 'New Zealand';- ↪It was the first country in the world where all adult women were allowed to vote.
●Kokborok language;- ↪Is a language of Borok people who are geographically known as Tripuris. ↪It is one of the state languages of Tripura notified in 1979.
●Monkey pox;- ↪Is a new & emerging contagious disease threat declared a “public health threat” in parts of "Central Africa" •It is similar to human smallpox, a disease that was eradicated in 1980 [ There is no specific treatment or vaccine available although prior smallpox vaccination was highly effective in preventing monkey-pox as well. ]
●Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana;- ↪Shishu loans account for majority of all MUDRA loans [which provide loans upto ₹50,000 to small business like new beauty parlour shop,Cosmetic shop etc.]↪Over six lakh crore rupees has been disbursed under the scheme till date.
●Only fighter aircraft repair depot of the Indian Air Force;- ↪Is located in "Maharashtra".


30th october "QUICK REVISION"
●Yucatan Peninsula:- ↪A north-eastern projection of Central America, lying b/w "Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea".
●Only theatre of the Second World War in the Indian subcontinent;- ↪was Kohima,Nagaland.
●Directed Evolution;- ↪ is a method used in protein engineering that mimics the process of natural selection to steer proteins or nucleic acids toward a user-defined goal.
The 2018 chemistry Nobel prize was awarded for “putting the power of evolution into chemists’ hands”. Frances Arnold was recognised for inventing directed enzyme evolution.
●Generalized System of Preferences (GSP);- ↪instituted in 1971 under the aegis of UNCTAD to creating an enabling trading environment for developing countries.  The following 13 countries grant GSP preferences: Australia, Belarus, Canada, the European Union, Iceland, Japan, Kazakhstan, New Zealand, Norway, the Russian Federation, Switzerland, Turkey and the United States of America. The objective of UNCTAD’s support on GSP and other preferential arrangements is to help developing countries – particularly LDCs – to increase utilization of GSP and other trade preferences and in turn promote productive capacity development and increased trade.
●Prime Minister;- ↪term of PM is not fixed and he holds office during the pleasure of the president ↪So long as the Prime Minister enjoys the majority support in the Lok Sabha, he cannot be dismissed by the President.




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