Climate Vulnerability Index

Climate Vulnerability Index ;-{in all the states in the Himalayan region}<
•index based on socio-economic factors, demographic and health status, sensitivity of agricultural production, forest-dependent livelihoods and access to information, services and infrastructure
•assessment shows that the vulnerability index is the highest for Assam (0.72) and Mizoram (0.71).[Assam is highly vulnerable to climate change because of factors like low per capita income, deforestation]
•Sikkim is the least vulnerable state with the index being 0.42 [Districts within a state face different degrees of vulnerability]
Electoral bond scheme
•electoral bonds are aimed at rooting out the current system of largely anonymous cash donations made to political parties which lead to the generation of black money in the economy.
[electoral bond, which will be a bearer instrument, will not carry the name of the payee and can be bought for any value, in multiples of Rs 1,000, Rs 10,000, Rs 1 lakh, Rs 10 lakh or Rs 1 crore.]
◆AFINDEX-19:{AF-IND-EX 2019 edition will be conducted in Pune }
~ It is a Joint Field Training Exercise between the Indian Army and 16 African nations.
•joint exercise will also focus on achieving interoperability, learning each other’s methodologies and tactics through synchronised operational level planning and tactical level training.

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