World Air Quality Report 2018

World Air Quality Report 2018;-{released by IQAir AirVisual and Greenpeace}
•15 of the 20 most polluted cities in the world are in India
•India’s Gurugram led the list of most polluted cities in the world in 2018, (followed by Ghaziabad, Faridabad, Noida)
•Delhi was ranked as the most polluted capital in the world [when ranked by country, Bangladesh emerged as the most polluted followed by PAK & India]

Swachh Bharat Grameen
~National Annual Rural Sanitation Survey (NARSS) 2018-19, conducted by an Independent Verification Agency (IVA) under the World Bank support has found that 96.5% of the households in rural India who have access to a toilet use it.
•The aim of Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) is to achieve a clean and Open Defecation Free (ODF) India by 2nd October, 2019.
•500 million people have stopped defecating in the open since the SBM began, down from 550 million at the beginning of the programme to less than 50 million today.
“Transport and Marketing Assistance” (TMA) for specified agriculture products scheme
~that will provide assistance for the international component of freight and marketing of agricultural produce.
•scheme shall be admissible for exports made through EDI (Electronic Data Interchange) ports only
•Eligibility~All exporters, duly registered with relevant Export Promotion Council as per Foreign Trade Policy, of eligible agriculture products shall be covered under this scheme.[The scheme will be available for exports effected from March 1, 2019 to March 31, 2020.]
Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Maan-Dhan Yojana;-
~is a voluntary and contributory pension scheme that will engage as many as 42 crore workers in the unorganised sector
~Workers with income of less than Rs 15,000 per month and who belong to the entry age group of 18-40 years, will be eligible for the scheme (pension of Rs 3000 per month after attaining the age of 60 years)
Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication (SWIFT)
~SWIFT is a secure financial message carrier which transports messages from one bank to its intended bank recipient [used by banks worldwide for foreign currency transfers]
•SWIFT India is a joint venture of top Indian public and private sector banks and SWIFT
UN Security Council;-
~it is the only UN body with the authority to issue binding resolutions to member states
•Total members~>15 || Permanent members~5(US,UK,Russia,France &China )
"Indonesia won against Maldives(2018)"
•Veto power of UNSC;-
~when veto is exercised by any permanent members so-called "P5" (caste a "negative vote" on a 'Substantive' draft resolution
~Abstention or absence from vote by permanent member doesn't prevent a draft resolution from being adopted


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