World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought

World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought: 17 June
Theme: ‘Let’s Grow the Future Together’ 
•Desertification is the degradation of land in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas.
It is caused primarily by human activities and climatic variations. Desertification does not refer to the expansion of existing deserts
•India has witnessed increase in the level of desertification in 26 of 29 states b/w 2003-05 and 2011-13
•highest area under desertification or land degradation is Jaisalmer, Rajasthan (92.96% during 2011-13 and 98.13% during 2003-05)
•Main reasons that cause desertification in India are:
°Water erosion (10.98%).[highest]
°Human-made/settlements(0.69%).[lowest]

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