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Daily Quick Revision Current Affairs || 19 September 2019

Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC)
•It is a large system of ocean currents that carry warm water from the tropics northwards into the North Atlantic.
•It aids in distributing heat and energy around the earth, as the warm water it carries releases heat into the atmosphere, and in absorbing and storing atmospheric carbon.
•Since the past 15 years, Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC) has been weakening — a development that could have dramatic consequences for [Europe and other parts of the Atlantic rim. Warming up of Indian Ocean is said to be a key driver behind this]
Zonal councils;-{statutory bodies}
↪they are only deliberative & advisory bodies.(to promote interstate cooperation and coordination)
•Union Home Minister(Chairman)
•Eastern Zonal Council↪comprising the States of Bihar, Jharkhand, Orissa, & West Bengal.
electronic cigarette (or e-cig)
• It is a battery-powered vaporizer that mimics tobacco smoking. It works by heating up a nicotine liquid, called “juice.”
•Commerce Ministry has asked the Health Ministry to frame a law banning manufacture and sale of e-cigarettes in the country as in the absence of a domestic legislation
•current unregulated sale of e-cigarettes is dangerous for a country like India where the number of smokers is on the decline [nicotine addiction and perpetuating smoking by making it more attractive]
AICTE’s Margadarshan and Margadarshak scheme
•Under this scheme, institutions having good accreditation record / highly performing institutions are supposed to mentor relatively newer 10 – 12 potential institutions.
•These institutions are also provided funding uptoRs. 50 lakhs (Rupees Fifty Lakhs Only) per institution over a period of three years in instalments
•Criteria for Margadarshaks are:
1.Must be a Ph.D.
2.Should be from Technical Education (Engg.) Domain
3.Min experience 20 years; Not less than 5 years in academics etc.
Accessible India Campaign
•The 63rd General Conference of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is presently going on at Vienna
•Works with its Member States and multiple partners worldwide to promote the safe, secure and peaceful use of nuclear technologies.
•Seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy, and to inhibit its use for any military purpose, including nuclear weapons.
•169 member states — one vote per member.(debate on current issues and policies.)Meets once a year
Coal Gasification
•Coal gasification is one of the more water-intensive forms of energy production.
•Transporting gas is a lot cheaper than transporting coal.
•Help address local pollution problems.
Has greater efficiency than conventional •coal-burning because it can effectively use the gases twice:[ the coal gases are first cleansed of impurities and fired in a turbine to generate electricity. ]
•Government has awarded Lump Sum Turn Key (LSTK) contract for Coal Gasification Plant PF Talcher Fertilizers Limited to M/s Wuhuan Engineering Co. Ltd, China as a part of measures to revival closed units of Fertilizer Corporation of India Ltd. (FCIL) and HFCL
Shola grasslands
•The Shola vegetation are tropical montane forests found in the Western Ghats separated by rolling grasslands in high altitudes.
•Shola grasslands consist of dwarf trees growing 25-30 feet.
•It is a stunted forest growths of diverse grass species.
•Between 1973-2014 Shola grasslands area had seen a 66.7% decline 🙃!
•The Shola forests and associated grasslands store large quantities of water on the mountain ranges, thus serving as huge `water harvesting and storage structures
•Many of the rivers in Kerala and Tamil Nadu originate from the Shola grasslands and were perennial. 
Issues in debate around setting an age limit for IVF
•74-year-old woman from Andhra Pradesh was recently recorded as the oldest in the world to give birth to twins through in-vitro fertilisation or IVF.
•Pregnancy in old age poses multiple risks — hypertension, diabetes, convulsions, bleeding, and cardiac complications to name a few.
•he womb of an older woman has to be prepared by injecting hormones for the foetus to grow for nine months. Also, a woman of that age cannot breastfeed
National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT)
•Established in November 1993 as an autonomous society under the Ministry of Earth Sciences, Government of India.
•Major aim of starting NIOT is to develop reliable indigenous technologies to solve the various engineering problems associated with harvesting of non-living and living resources in the Indian Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), [which is about two-thirds of the land area of India]
Waste Management Accelerator for Aspiring Women Entrepreneurs (WAWE Summit 2019)
•It will be held in November-December 2019.
•Jointly organized by All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) and Institute of Waste Management (IIWM) at Jaipur. 
•It will be the largest gathering of young women students to promote entrepreneurship in waste management and providing alternatives to single use plastic carry bags.
Theme: Make your own bag – empowering women to take up income generation activity and entrepreneurship in waste management through making a business out of this record creating concept 【Itti badi but good:)】
Year of Artificial Intelligence:
•The state government of Telangana has decided to declare 2020 as Year of Artificial Intelligence.
•Throughout the year 2020, the state government will be running multiple programs, meetings and activities such as hackathons, master classes and other activities.

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