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Daily Quick Revision current affairs || 21 September 2019

Access to Internet is a basic right: Kerala HC
•A college student from Kozhikode was recently expelled from the college hostel for using her mobile phone beyond the restricted hours.
[This was challenged in the court.]
•The petitioner contended that the internet, accessible through mobile phones or laptops, provided an avenue for the students to gather knowledge
•Kerala High Court has held that the right to have access to the Internet is part of the fundamental right to education as well as the right to privacy under Article 21 of the Constitution.
•The Court has observed rightly in the sense that the hostel authorities are expected to enforce only those rules and regulations for enforcing discipline. (Enforcement of discipline shall not be by blocking the ways and means of the students to acquire knowledge.)
Anti-Defection Law;-{10th Schedule}
•The Tenth Schedule was inserted in the Constitution in 1985 by the 52nd Amendment Act.
•MP or MLA Is deemed to have defected if he either voluntarily resigned from his party OR/disobeyed the directives of the party leadership on a vote OR/Independent members would be disqualified if they joined a political party(within 6 months)
•The decision on question as to disqualification on ground of defection is referred to the Chairman or the Speaker of such House, and his decision is final.
•[Haryana speaker disqualifies five INLD MLAs under anti-defection law.]
Office of Profit
•If an MLA or an MP holds a government office and receives benefits from it, then that office is termed as an “office of profit”.
•A person will be disqualified if he holds an office of profit under the central or state government
•Punjab cabinet has decided to bring an ordinance to exclude the appointments of advisors to CM from the ambit of the office of profit.
•MP or MLA can be disqualified for:
a) Holding an office of profit under government of India or state government; 
b) Being of unsound mind;
c) Being an undischarged insolvent;
d) Not being an Indian citizen or for acquiring citizenship of another country
Corporate income tax Hide —

•FM Nirmala Sitharaman has announced major changes in corporate income tax rates to revive growth in the broader economy.
•This has been achieved through an ordinance– the Taxation Laws (Amendment) Ordinance 2019.
•Corporate tax rate to be 22 per cent without exemptions.
•Effective corporate tax rate after surcharge and cess to be 25.17 percent
•That effective tax for new companies shall be 17.01 percent, including cess and surcharge
•Given the substantially lower rates would imply that many corporates will break even much ahead than what would have been the case with the earlier rates
•Lower corporate income tax rates and the resultant change in profitability will likely prompt companies to invest more, raising their capital expenditure (capex)
•The new corporate income tax rates in India will be lower than USA (27 percent), Japan (30.62 percent), Brazil (34 percent), Germany (30 percent) and is similar to China (25 percent) and Korea (25 percent
Stubble burning
•Stubble burning is a common practice followed by farmers to prepare fields for sowing of wheat in November as there is little time left between the harvesting of paddy and sowing of wheat
•More than 4500 villages in Punjab and Haryana have been declared as Zero Stubble Burning Villages during 2018 as not a single crop burning incident was reported from these villages during the year
•Stubble burning results in emission of harmful gases such carbon diaoxide, sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide along with particulate matter.
•The existing Minimum Support Price (MSP) Scheme must be so interpreted as to enable the States concerned to wholly or partly deny the benefit of MSP to those who continue to burn the crop residue : Supreme Court
•[As many as eight districts in Punjab and three in Haryana have been identified as contributing around 62% of the total crop burning emission]
Aditya- L1 mission
• It is India’s first solar mission.
•It will study the sun’s outer most layers, the corona and the chromospheres and collect data about coronal mass ejection, which will also yield information for space weather prediction.
•Aditya- L1 satellite will be placed in the halo orbit around the Lagrangian point 1 (L1) of the sun-earth system.
•Lagrangian points are the locations in space where the combined gravitational pull of two large masses roughly balance each other (L1,L2,L3,L4,L5)
PM Modi is honoured with the prestigious ‘Global Goalkeeper Award 2019
•The award is conferred by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
•The annual awards, in five categories, are presented to leaders and individuals for their efforts in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

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