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Daily Quick Revision current affairs || 23 September 2019

Recognition of Prior Learning – RPL
•RPL is a key element under Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) scheme of the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE)
•It Align the competencies of the unregulated sectors of the country with the National Skills Qualification Framework
•Enhance the chances of employment of individuals and provide them with more options for higher education
•Minister, Skill Development and Entrepreneurship distributes certificates to RPL trainees under Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana.
[More than 2 million candidates across the country have received RPL certification under the PMKVY.]
● All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) report for 2018-19 : released by the HRD ministry
•The survey collects data on several parameters like teachers, student enrolment, programmes, examination results, education finance, infrastructure, etc.
•In Uttar Pradesh and Karnataka, there are now more females in the age group of 18-23 enrolling for higher education than male students.
•Female enrolment improved from 47.6% in 2017-18 to 48.6% in 2018-19.
•The gross enrolment ratio (GER) increased marginally – from 25.8 in 2017-18 to 26.3 in 2018-19.
•GER for SCs has also shown a growth from 21.8 to 23.0 and STs from 15.9 to 17.2. 
•Number of universities has grown from 903 in 2017-18 to 993 in 2018-19 and total HEIs (higher educational institutions) from 49,964 to 51,649 in the same period.
•While one-third of undergraduate students are enrolled in humanities, management seems to be a preferred stream at the postgraduate (PG) level
PACEsetter Fund programme
•Constituted by India and the USA in 2015.
It is a INR 50 crore (USD 7.9 million) fund jointly capitalized by the Governments of the Republic of India and the United States of America. 
•It is a joint fund to provide early-stage grant funding to accelerate the commercialization of innovative off-grid clean energy products, systems, and business models.
•Ministry of New and Renewable Energy awards grants to four projects in second round of PACEsetter Fund programme
Head on Generation (HOG) technology
•It is being adopted by the Indian Railways, power supply is tapped from overhead power lines and distributed to train coaches. “The power generator cars which used to make huge noise and emit fumes will no more be there
•The system runs the train’s ‘hotel load’ (the load of air conditioning, lights, fans, and pantry, etc.) by drawing electricity from the overhead electric lines through the pantograph
End on Generation (EOG) system
the electrical load (i.e. load of lights, fans and air conditioning, pantry etc. referred to as “Hotel Load”) in the coaches of Rajdhani and Shatabdi Express trains are fed from the power cars placed at either ends of the rake.
Post Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA)
•The PDNA tool was developed by the UN Development Group, the World Bank and the European in
•The aim was to develop and use common assessment and recovery planning approaches in post-crisis settings.
•The main goal is to assess the full extent of a disaster’s impact, define the needs for recovery, and, in so doing, serve as the basis for designing a recovery strategy and guide donors’ funding
•PDNA is the first step towards developing a holistic recovery programme that promotes equity and inclusion.

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