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Daily Quick Revision Current Affairs || 12 October 2019

Election manifestos
•They are a formality, and their release is often no more than a photo-op in the campaign of political parties. (But now a days, They are frequently delayed, leaving no time for voters to go through the contents in order to make informed choices.)
•they are not legally enforceable documents
•manifesto shall not be released during the prohibitory periods (In Section 126 of the RP Act, the ‘prohibitory period’ signifies the “period of forty-eight hours ending with the hour fixed for conclusion of poll”)[before 48 hrs of voting!]
Kanyashree scheme
•The state government of West Bengal is setting up Kanyashree University in Nadia district and Kanyashree colleges across the state so as to empower girls
【where is Nadia district in WB? It isn't in india map (Anyone here from Our Bengal !?)】
•Kanyashree is a conditional cash transfer scheme aiming at improving the status and wellbeing of the girl child by incentivising schooling of teenage girls and delaying their marriages until the age of 18.
•It received the United Nations Public Service Award last year.
•This initiative led to a “drastic reduction in child marriage, increase in female education and female empowerment.”
NASA ICON Mission Hide —

•National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has launched a satellite ICON to detect dynamic zones of Earth’s Ionosphere. 
•The satellite Ionosphere Connection Explorer (ICON) was launched from an aircraft over the Atlantic Ocean near the Florida coast.
•The ICON satellite will study the Earth’s Ionosphere. It includes various layers of the uppermost atmosphere where free electrons flow freely.
•The ICON mission is the 39th successful launch and satellite deployment by Pegasus rocket.[This mission is operated by the University of California]
The ionosphere: is the ionized part of Earth's upper atmosphere, from about 60 km (37 mi) to 1,000 km (620 mi) altitude, a region that includes the thermosphere and parts of the mesosphere and exosphere.
•The ionosphere is ionized by solar radiation. It plays an important role in atmospheric electricity and forms the inner edge of the magnetosphere
‘Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism’ (CCIT)
•It is a draft proposed by India in 1996 that is yet to be adopted by the UNGA.
•It is a proposed treaty which intends to criminalize all forms of international terrorism and deny terrorists, their financiers and supporters access to funds, arms, and safe havens. 
▫️Universal definition of terrorism: no good terrorist or bad terrorist.
•Ban on all groups regardless of country of operation, cut off access to funds and safe havens.
•Prosecution of all groups including cross border groups etc.
There was no change in the five countries most impacted by terrorism, which include Iraq, Afghanistan, Nigeria, Syria and Pakistan. All of these countries have been ranked in the worst five every year since 2013.
•[Vice President appeals to world community to ensure early conclusion of UN Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism]
Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI)
•A platform where knowledge is generated and exchanged on different aspects of disaster and climate resilience of infrastructure.
•It will create a mechanism to assist countries to upgrade their capacities and practices, with regard to infrastructure development in accordance with their risk context and economic needs.
•According to a recent estimate by the World Bank, Cyclone Fani, which hit Odisha in May this year, caused damage to the tune of $4 billion😲!. 
•The losses in the Kerala floods last year could be in excess of $4.4 billion
•In the US, there were 10 climate change disasters this year in which losses exceeded S1 billion.
elastocaloric effect View — 
•It is a cooling effect produced when rubber bands are twisted and untwisted.
• In the elastocaloric effect, the transfer of heat works much the same way as when fluid refrigerants are compressed and expanded. When a rubber band is stretched, it absorbs heat from its environment, and when it is released, it gradually cools down.
Emperor penguins: View — 
•It is one of Antarctica’s most iconic species.
•It is listed as ‘near threatened’ in the Red List of International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
•Experts have demanded that the IUCN status of species should be changed to ‘vulnerable’ from ‘near threatened
•It is a Joint Military Exercise between India and Japan.
•Exercise DHARMA GUARDIAN is an annual training event which is being conducted in India since 2018. 
Mobile App “mHariyali”:
•Launched by the Ministry of housing and Urban Affairs to encourage public engagement in planting trees and Green drives. The application provides automatic geo – tagging of plants. It will hence enable the nodal officers to periodically monitor the plantation.
•The app is aimed to encourage Public engagement in planting trees and other such Green drives.

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