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Daily Quick Revision Current Affairs || 14 October 2019

Chalukya dynasty Hide —

•The Chalukya Dynasty was a powerful Indian royal dynasty that ruled large parts of southern and central India between the 6th and the 12th century C.E. During this period, they ruled as three related, but individual dynasties. 
•The earliest dynasty, known as the "Badami Chalukyas", ruled from their capital Vatapi (modern Badami) from the middle of the 6th century
•Pulakesi II (609 – 642) C.E. After the death of Pulakesi II, the Eastern Chalukyas became an independent kingdom in the eastern Deccan. They ruled from their capital Vengi until about the 11th century
•In the western Deccan, the rise of the Rashtrakutas in the middle of 8th century eclipsed the Chalukyas of Badami before being revived by their descendants, the Western Chalukyas, in late 10th century. These Western Chalukyas ruled from Kalyani (modern Basavakalyan) till the end of the 12th century
•[Inscriptions found on an ancient temple at Huligemmana Kolla near Pattadakalu in Karnataka indicate that the place may have once been the royal burial site of the Chalukya dynasty.]
UN Security Council
•The Security Council consists of fifteen members. Russia, the United Kingdom, France, China, and the United States—serve as the body’s five permanent members.
[The Security Council also has 10 non-permanent members, elected on a regional basis to serve two-year terms. The body’s presidency rotates monthly among its members]
•India’s candidature for a non-permanent seat in the Security Council (for 2021-22 term )has been endorsed unanimously by the Asia Pacific group, which comprises 55 countries, including Pakistan
[India has been a non-permanent member of the Security Council seven time previously]
•India and Sierra Leone (western african country with capital 'Freetown' ) seek to expand bilateral ties and push for UNSC reforms.
Asian Development Bank (ADB)
•It is a regional development bank [established on 19 December 1966.]
•headquartered — Manila, Philippines.
•official United Nations Observer
•GoI has signed a 190 million USD loan with the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to upgrade road transport in the state of Rajasthan.
G20 Global Smart Cities Alliance on Technology Governance
•It is a league of 15 of world’s leading city networks and technology governance organisations that will work towards advancing responsible and ethical use of smart city technologies.
•Established in June 2019, in conjunction with G20 Summit held in Osaka, Japan.
•It seeks to create global norms and policy standards for the use of connected devices in public spaces.
•The aim of the alliance is to promote the responsible and ethical use of smart city technologies by establishing global norms and policy standards for the use of connected devices in public spaces
•India has joined the World Economic Forum’s (WEF) G20 Global Smart Cities Alliance on Technology Governance.
C40 Clean Air Cities Declaration
•declaration pledge to: Set ambitious pollution reduction targets within two years that meet or exceed national commitments, putting them on a path towards meeting World Health Organization guidelines
•Implement substantive clean air policies by 2025 that address the unique causes of pollution in their cities
•Clean Air Cities Declaration’ was unveiled at the C40 World Mayors Summit in Copenhagen, an event that occurs once every three years and is designed to implement “substantive clean air policies by 2025”.
International Day for Disaster Reduction: 13 October
•In 1989, the UN General Assembly through a resolution had designated the second Wednesday of October as International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction.
•Later on December 21, 2009, the Assembly adopted a new resolution on in which it designated 13 October as the date to commemorate the Day and it also changed the day’s name to International Day for Disaster Reduction.
•The main objective of the observance is to raise awareness of how people are taking action to reduce their risk to disasters.
Theme: Reduce disaster damage to critical infrastructure and disruption of basic services.
10th Rashtriya Sanskriti Mahotsav is being held in Jabalpur, MP.
•Organised by Ministry of Culture under the Ek Bharat Shrestha Bharat initiative.
•Rashtriya Sanskriti Mahotsav was conceived in the year 2015. It is organised with an intent to showcase the rich cultural heritage of the country in all its rich and varied dimensions, viz, Handicrafts, Cuisine, Painting, Sculpture and Performing Arts-Folk, Tribal, Classical and Contemporary- all in one place
SARAS Aajeevika Mela: 
•It is an initiative under Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY – NRLM).
•The objective of the initiative is to bring the rural women SHGs – Self Help Groups under one platform.
•This is to help them show – case their skills, sell their products and build linkages with buyers. Through the initiative the women will get exposure to understand the demand of urban customers
Hagibis Typhoon:
•It is the latest typhoon and is said to be Japan’s worst storm in decades
•Hurricanes, cyclones and typhoons are all tropical storms. They are all the same thing but are given different names depending on where they appear
•Hurricanes are tropical storms that form over the North Atlantic Ocean and Northeast Pacific(near Maxico). Cyclones are formed over the South Pacific and Indian Ocean. Typhoons are formed over the Northwest Pacific Ocean(near east china)

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