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Daily Quick Revision Current Affairs || 18 October 2019

•Skandagupta succeeded his father Kumaragupta I as the ruler of Gupta empire. He ruled from 455 A.D. to 467 A.D. •The Gupta period is known as the golden period of ancient Indian history and Skandagupta Vikramaditya is known as the Saviour of India as he successfully fought the battle against the invading Huns
•Skandagupta issued five types of gold coins: Archer type, King and queen type, Chhatra type, Lion-slayer type and Horseman type.
Veer Savarkar
•Born on May 28, 1883 in Bhagur, a city in Maharashtra’s Nashik.
•In his teenage, Savarkar formed a youth organization. Known as Mitra Mela, this organization was put into place to bring in national and revolutionary ideas.
•He was against foreign goods and propagated the idea of Swadeshi. In 1905, he burnt all the foreign goods in a bonfire on Dussehra.
•In his book, The History of the war of Indian Independence, Savarkar wrote about the guerilla warfare tricks used in 1857 Sepoy Mutiny.
•The book was banned by Britishers, but Madam Bhikaji Cama published the book in Netherlands, Germany and France, which eventually reached many Indian revolutionaries.
•He was arrested in 1909 on charges of plotting an armed revolt against the Morle-Minto reform.
•He founded the two-nation theory in his book ‘Hindutva’ calling Hindus and Muslims two separate nations. In 1937, Hindu Mahasabha passed it as a resolution.
•In 2002, Port Blair airport at Andaman and Nicobar’s Island was renamed after Veer Savarkar International Airport
•Mr Savarkar was only an accused in the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi, and Mr Godse was convicted (though he was acquitted due to lack of evidence, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was convinced that Savarkar was guilty)
•He also Worked on abolishment of untouchability in Ratnagiri. Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar also compared his work to Lord Buddha
Legislative council
•Legislative council abolished in J&K as per Section 57 of the J&K Reorganisation Bill, 2019, which reduced the State to the Union Territories of J&K and Ladakh.
•India has a bicameral system i.e., two Houses of Parliament. At the state level, the equivalent of the Lok Sabha is the Vidhan Sabha or Legislative Assembly; that of the Rajya Sabha is the Vidhan Parishad or Legislative Council
•Under Article 169 of the constitution, Parliament may by law create or abolish the second chamber in a state if the Legislative Assembly of that state passes a resolution to that effect by a special majority
▫️How are members of the Council elected?
•1/3rd of members are elected by members of the Assembly.
•1/3rd by electorates consisting of members of municipalities, district boards and other local authorities in the state.
•1/12th by an electorate consisting of teachers.
•1/12th by registered graduates.
•The remaining 1/6th members are nominated by the Governor
Global Tuberculosis (TB) Report: released by WHO
•The report provides a comprehensive and up-to-date assessment of the TB epidemic and progress in the response at global, regional and country levels for India
•Tuberculosis incidence rate in India has decreased by almost 50,000 patients over the past one year (26.9 lakh TB patients in India in 2018).
•Incidence per 1,00,000 population has decreased from 204 in 2017 to 199 in 2018.
•TB remains the top infectious killer in the world claiming over 4,000 lives a day
•The world must accelerate progress if it is to reach the Sustainable Development Goal of ending TB by 2030
•Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by bacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) that most often affect the lungs. Tuberculosis is curable and preventable.
•The highest burden of TB in 2018 is in 8 countries: Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines, and South Africa.
What Is in the New Brexit Deal
•UK will honour EU rules till the end of 2020.
•Rights of EU citizens living in the UK and UK citizens in the EU will be guaranteed.
•Northern Ireland will be aligned with the EU single market for goods while it will legally part with the EU.
•There will be customs borders between Great Britain and the Irish Island etc.
•In a 2016 referendum, Britons choose to leave the EU
•May’s Brexit defeats led to her political downfall, and she resigned her premiership in June.
•New head- Boris Johnson took over in July.
•Johnson promised that he would deliver Brexit for the United Kingdom, “do or die,” by the current deadline of October 31. Johnson has said he’ll achieve what May failed to do
•Leaving the EU without any deal promises chaos for both the UK and the rest of Europe — yet some Brexit devotees are willing to take the risk because they believe it would deliver a swift and decisive end to the UK’s relationship with the EU
India Innovation Index 2019 : released by NITI Aayog
•NITI Aayog with Institute for Competitiveness as the knowledge partner has released the India Innovation Index (III) 2019.
•Karnataka is the most innovative major state in India.
•Others in top 10: Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Telangana, Haryana, Kerala, Uttar Pradesh😁!(due to NCR:), West Bengal, Gujarat, and Andhra Pradesh.
•The top ten major states are majorly concentrated in southern and western India. 
•Sikkim and Delhi take the top spots among the north- eastern & hill states, and union territories/city states/small states respectively
•Delhi, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, and Uttar Pradesh are the most efficient states in translating inputs into output.
•The index is a great beginning to improve the environment of innovation in the country as it focuses on both the input and output components of the idea.
Vikram Sarabhai : born on August 12, 1919.
•Sarabhai was instrumental in forming India’s future in astronomy and setting up the country’s space research facilities
•Based on his persuasion, the Indian government agreed to set up the Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) in 1962.
•Sarabhai was the first chairman of the committee.
•The INCOSPAR was restructured and renamed as Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) in 1969
•He also set up India’s first rocket launch site in Thumba, a small village near the Thiruvananthapuram airport in Kerala.
Vikram Sarabhai was also responsible for bringing cable television to India
•He was one of the founding members of the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad (IIMA).
•Vikram Sarabhai received the Padma Bhushanin 1966 for his contribution to India’s progress.
• He was also awarded the Padma Vibhushan in 1972, posthumously
【Don't you think ,Sarabhai Sir should have been given Bharat Ratna at his 100th birth anniversary】
Delhi’s odd- even rule
•if a vehicle’s registration number ends with an odd digit, it will be allowed on the road on January 1, while that ending with an even number can be driven on the second, and so on
•The capital city of India is facing worst phase of pollution and it could lead to devastating effect if pollution remains untreated or inadequately treated
•This system was implemented in Beijing in 2008 just before the summer Olympics. While the rule was initially said to be temporary, it turned out to be so effective the government made it permanent
Article 161:
•Deals with Power of Governor to grant pardons, etc, and to suspend, remit or commute sentences in certain cases.
•It states, the Governor of a State shall have the power to grant pardons, reprieves, respites or remissions of punishment or to suspend, remit or commute the sentence of any person convicted of any offence against any law relating to a matter to which the executive power of the State extends
Air quality index:
•Air Quality Index (AQI) is a tool for effective dissemination of air quality information to people.
•There are six AQI categories, namely Good, Satisfactory, Moderately polluted, Poor, Very Poor, and Severe.
•AQI will consider eight pollutants (PM10, PM2.5, NO2, SO2, CO, O3, NH3, and Pb) for which short-term (up to 24-hourly averaging period)
Mount Kilimanjaro: Hide —

•Differently-abled man from Ernakulam district scales Mount Kilimanjaro.
•Mount Kilimanjaro is a dormant volcano in Tanzania.
•It is the highest mountain in Africa, with its summit about 4,900 metres (16,100 ft) from its base, and 5,895 metres (19,341 ft) above sea level.
Saharan silver ant: Hide —

•Saharan silver ant is the fastest of the world’s 12,000 known ant species.
•It clocks a blistering 855 millimetres — nearly a metre — per second.
•It covers 108 times its own body length per second 🙃!
Web tax in Italy:
•Italy has approved a new tax on digital companies as part of its 2020 draft budget.
•The levy will oblige firms such as Facebook, Google and Amazon, to pay a 3% levy on Internet transactions
Mt Paektu:
•Mount Paektu or Changbai (in Chinese) is a volcanic mountain that last erupted over 1,000 years ago.
•Situated at the border between Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and China.
•At a height of about 9,000 feet, it is also the highest peak in the Korean peninsula.
Acute flaccid myelitis (AFM):
•AFM, being referred to as a ‘polio-like condition’, has been tested negative for the polio virus, as per the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) of the United States.
•It is a neurological illness. It is a weakness or paralysis of the limbs. In case of myelitis, there’s inflammation of the spinal cord. 
•The symptoms of AFM, particularly, weakening of limbs, are similar to polio
•It is a bilateral joint exercise between Indian Air Force and Royal Air Force Oman (RAFO).
•The exercise will enhance inter-operability during mutual operations between the two Air Forces and will provide an opportunity to learn from each other’s best practices
World’s first graduate-level research-based AI University: To be set up in UAE.
•Named after Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi.
•This university will enable graduate students, governments and businesses to advance the artificial intelligence field.

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