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Daily Quick Revision Current affairs || 3 October 2019

●‘Stations’ Cleanliness Survey Report
•Railways have been conducting third party audit and cleanliness ranking of 407 major stations annually since 2016. (This year the survey was expanded to include 720 stations and suburban stations were also included for the first time)
•Top three cleanest railways stations are from the western state of Rajasthan- Jaipur, Jodhpur and Durgapura.
•Top three railway zones- North Western Railway followed by South East Central Railway and East Central Railway.
•Andheri, Virar and Naigaon railway stations were the top three among 109 suburban stations
•Indian Railways has also banned single use plastic across its premises today onwards.
●‘Mo Sarkar’ initiative: by Odisha
•The ‘Mo Sarkar’ was launched at all police stations across the State along with 21 district headquarters hospitals and three government-run medical college hospitals at Cuttack, Berhampur and Sambalpur
•The programme will be effective at all the 30 district headquarters hospitals of the State by October 30. 
•The objective of the programme is to provide service with dignity to people who are coming to government offices for different purposes
•The phone numbers of people who are coming to government offices will be collected randomly with the purpose to improve the governance system by collecting feedback on behaviour and professionalism of government officers
●Village Secretariat programme: in launched in AP
• Under the new system, the AP government, one Village Secretariat has been set up for every population of 2,000,
•The idea behind it, according to the state government, is to ensure that its services reach people on the ground, and also to strengthen the existing Panchayat Raj system.
•Village Secretariats would act as a bridge between the government and the people by rendering over 500 types of services at their doorstep.
●India, Hyderabad Nizam heirs win UK court battle with Pakistan for £35m
•On September 20, 1948, a corpus of £1 million and one guinea had been transferred by the 7th Nizam of Hyderabad’s finance minister, Nawab Moin Nawaz Jung, from a government bank account to another in London held by Pakistan’s then high commissioner to the UK, Habib Ibrahim Rahimtoola.
•This was during the Indian annexation of the princely state of Hyderabad
•The Pakistan government, on the other hand, says it was a payment made by the erstwhile princely state to Pakistan for arming Hyderabad when it was about to be invaded by India.
•Now, India and the titular 8th Nizam and his brother, who are the grandsons of the 7th Nizam, have a confidential settlement on how to split the money.
•The UK high court has ruled in favour of India and the titular 8th Nizam of Hyderabad and his younger brother in a case they had been fighting against Pakistan relating to who has the rights to £35m (Rs 306 crore) stashed away in a British bank account since Partition
●Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA)
•CAATSA Enacted in 2017, it is a US federal law that imposed sanctions on Iran, North Korea and Russia.
•It Includes sanctions against countries that engage in significant transactions with Russia’s defence and intelligence sectors
•The U.S. officials have warned India that with the decision to go ahead with the purchase of the Russian S-400 missile defence system, India may risk sanctions under CAATSA law.
•S-400 is known as Russia’s most advanced long-range surface-to-air missile defence system, capable of destroying destroying hostile strategic bombers, jets, missiles and drones at a range of 380-km.

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