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Daily Quick Revision Current Affairs || 30 September 2019

The idea of regional Supreme Court Benches, and ‘divisions’ of the top court
Recently VP M Venkaiah Naidu made the following suggestions;
1.Institute four regional Benches to tackle the enormous backlog of cases, and to ensure their speedy disposal.
2.The court should be split into two divisions. 
•In the early decades of the Republic, the Supreme Court of India functioned largely as a constitutional court, with some 70-80 judgments being delivered every year by Constitution Benches of five or more judges
•This number has now come down to 10-12. Due to their heavy workload, judges mostly sit in two- or three-judge Benches to dispose of all kinds of cases
•More than 65,000 cases are pending in the Supreme Court, and disposal of appeals takes many years
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
•IPCC Working Group III is meeting in India to further preparations of Sixth Assessment Report
•More than 200 experts from 65 countries will come together to start preparing a first draft of the report, which is due to be finalized in July 2021
•Comprehensive scientific assessment reports are published every 6 to 7 years; the latest, the Fifth Assessment Report, was completed in 2014, and provided the main scientific input to the Paris Agreement
Sixth Assessment Report (AR6)
•It will examine topics such as the link between consumption and behaviour and greenhouse gas emissions, and the role of innovation and technology
•It will assess mitigation options in sectors such as energy, agriculture, forestry and land use, buildings, transport and industry
Ban on export of onion
•Banned exports of all varieties of onion.
•Imposed stock limits on onion traders to facilitate release of stocks and prevent hoarding by traders
•Retail traders across the country will now be able to stock only up to 100 quintals of onion while wholesale traders will be allowed to stock up to 500 quinta
‘Industry 4.0’
•Commonly referred to as the fourth industrial revolution, it is a name given to the current trend of automation, interconnectivity and data exchange in manufacturing technologies to increase productivity.
•Industry 4.0 is a complex Cyber-Physical Systems which synergizes production with digital technologies, the Internet of Things, Artificial Intelligence, Big Data & Analytics, Machine Learning and Cloud Computing
•Industrial Revolution 4.0 can help in transforming India by:
1.Alleviating poverty.
2.Better and low-cost healthcare.
3.Enhancing farmer’s income.
4.Providing new technology and equipment to farmers.
5.Strengthening infrastructure, improving connectivity.
6.Improve ease of living and ease of doing business.
Climate Vulnerability Map of India
•For preparing communities and people to meet the challenge arising out of climate changes, a pan India climate vulnerability assessment map is being developed
•The map is being developed under a joint project of the Department of Science and Technology (DST) under the Union Ministry of Science and Technology and Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC).
•The atlas is expected to be ready by the middle of 2020.
•Addressing vulnerability can help reduce risk to climate change. It also helps in identifying what makes a state or district vulnerable to climate change.
The ‘right to be forgotten’ on the Internet
•Recently, the European Union’s highest court ruled that an online privacy rule known as the ‘right to be forgotten’ under European law would not apply beyond the borders of EU member states
•The right empowers individuals to ask organisations to delete their personal data
•ECJ ruled in favour of the search engine giant Google, which was contesting a French regulatory authority’s order to have web addresses removed from its global database
INS Vikramaditya
•It is a modified Kiev-class aircraft carrier.
In service since 2013.
•Originally built as Bakuand commissioned in 1987, the carrier served with the Soviet Navy and later with the Russian Navy (as Admiral Gorshkov) before being decommissioned in 1996
Saraswati Samman is the annual award 
•given to an outstanding literary work in any Indian language mentioned in Schedule VIII of the Constitution and published in 10 years preceding the specified award year.
•Significance: It is the highest recognition in the field of Indian literature in the country and carries a citation, a plaque and award money of ₹15 lakh.
•The award is presented by the KK Birla Foundation,
INS Nilgiri
•Navy’s first new stealth frigate, INS ‘Nilgiri’.
•It is the first ship of Project17A.
Project 17A frigates is a design derivative of the Shivalik class stealth frigates with much more advanced stealth features and indigenous weapons and sensors
•In Telugu, ‘Bathukamma’ means ‘Mother Goddess come Alive’.
•It is the state festival of Telangana
•Telangana government recently celebrated the eagerly awaited ‘Festival of Flowers’ (Bathukamma) for which the State is known.
•The festival was traditionally celebrated by women across the state.
Galo community
•At about 1.5 lakh people, the Galos are one of the 26 major communities of Arunachal Pradesh.
•The Galos belong to the Tani group inhabiting Assam and Arunachal Pradesh, besides Tibet.
Mopinis the main festival in Galos which is celebrated for the prosperity of the villages
•The Galos perform Popir dance
Asteroid named after Pandit Jasraj
•The International Astronomical Union (IAU) has named an asteroid/minor planet, discovered in 2006, after Indian classical singer Pandit Jasraj.
• He is the first Indian to receive this honour
•Pandit Jasraj: He is an exponent of Indian classical vocal music. 
•He is the recipient of numerous awards, honours, and titles, including the prestigious Padma Vibhushan and the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award.

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