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Daily Quick Revision Current affairs || 30 October 2019

Paramahansa Yogananda: (5 January 1893 – 7 March 1952) Hide —

•he was an Indian monk, yogi and guruwho introduced millions to the teachings of meditation and Kriya Yoga through his organization Self-Realization Fellowship (SRF) / Yogoda Satsanga Society (YSS) of India.
[Kriya Yoga is “union (yoga) with the Infinite through a certain action or rite (kriya)]
•He is considered as the “Father of Yoga in the West.”
•He was the first major Indian teacher to settle in America, and the first prominent Indian to be hosted in the White House.
•He published his book Autobiography of a Yogiin 1946.
•Finance Minister Releases Commemorative Coin on Paramahansa Yogananda to Mark his 125th Birth Anniversary. 
15 point reform charter for better functioning of Parliament
•Expressing concern over the functioning of parliamentary institutions in the country and erosion of public trust in them, Vice President Venkaiah Naidu has unveiled a 15-point reform charter.
The 15-point charter includes:
•Parties need to ensure attendance of at least 50% of their legislators all through the proceedings of the Houses by adopting a roster system.
•Review of anti-defection law.
•Review of the whip system which is “stifling reasonable dissent even on non-consequential matters”.
•Set up special courts for time-bound adjudication of criminal complaints against legislators.
•The representation of women in legislatures needs to be raised etc.
Corporate Social Responsibility
•It is the integration of socially beneficial programs and practices into a corporation’s business model and culture.
•India is one of the first countries in the world to make CSR mandatory for companies following an amendment to the Companies Act, 2013 (Companies Act) in 2014.
•Under the Companies Act, businesses can invest their profits in areas such as promoting rural development in terms of healthcare, sanitation, education including skill development, environmental sustainability, etc. 
[Companies are required to spend, in every financial year, at least 2% of their average net profits generated during the 3 immediately preceding financial years]
•Provision for penalty in the form of fine on the company and officers in default, between Rs 50,000 – Rs 25,00,000, has been inserted in case of failure in compliance with Section 135
National Digital Health Blueprint
•In August this year, the government released NDHB which aims to create National Digital Health Eco- System
•It lays out the ‘building blocks’ for the implementation of the National Health Stack (NHS), which aims to deploy Artificial Intelligence (AI) in leveraging health records.
•Keeping true to the government’s larger agenda, of ‘data as a public good’, the blueprint proposes the linking of multiple databases to generate greater and granular data that can be leveraged by the public as well as private sector – including insurance companies, hospitals, apps and researchers.
Dirac metals Hide —

•Researchers from IIT Bombay have discovered special properties in a class of materials called “semi-Dirac metals”- such materials would be transparent to light of a given frequency and polarisation when it is incident along a particular direction
•The quality of conduction in normal metals like gold and silver depends on the way energy depends on the momentum of electrons.
•Dirac metals differ from normal metals in that the energy depends linearly on the momentum. This difference is responsible for their unique properties.
•Semi-Dirac metals behave like Dirac metals in one direction and like normal metals in the perpendicular directions.
Edge computing
•According to a research, By 2025, View — companies will generate and process more than 75% of their data outside of traditional centralised data centres — that is, at the “edge” of the cloud.
•Edge computing enables data to be analysed, processed, and transferred at the edge of a network. Meaning , the data is analysed locally, closer to where it is stored, in real-time without latency, rather than send it far away to a centralised data centre
•In Edge computing, massive amounts of data generated by IoT devices are stored and processed locally. That data doesn’t need to be sent over a network as soon as it processed; only important data is sent — 
Strategic Partnership Council (SPC)
•Agreement for the Strategic Partnership Council (SPC) between India and Saudi Arabia has been signed.
•India will become the fourth country with which the Kingdom has formed a strategic partnership, the others being the UK, France and China.
SEED awards
•SEED was originally conceived as an acronym for Supporting Entrepreneurs for Environment and Development
•Fourteen start-ups selected for 2019 SEED Awards.
•The awards, an annual affair, are granted to organisations working on sustainable development.
The award highlights the contribution of green and social enterprises to advancing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
•It is a global partnership for action on sustainable development and the green economy.
[Founded by the United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment), UNDP and IUCN ]

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