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Daily Quick Revision Current Affairs || 31 October 2019

Tipu Sultan
•He was the ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore and the eldest son of Sultan Hyder Ali of Mysore.
•In the wider national narrative, Tipu has so far been seen as a man of imagination and courage, a brilliant military strategist who, in a short reign of 17 years, mounted the most serious challenge the Company faced in India
•Fought the first Anglo-Mysore War (1767-69) at the age of 17 and subsequently, against the Marathas and in the Second Anglo-Mysore War (1780-84).
 He fought Company forces four times during 1767-99 and was killed defending his capital Srirangapatnam in the Fourth Anglo Mysore War
•Karnataka Chief Minister B.S. Yediyurappa has dropped hints that lessons on Tipu Sultan may be dropped from State syllabus textbooks, saying that the issue would be “reviewed.”
How a US President can be impeached?
•US House of Representatives Speaker Nancy Pelosi recently announced that the House would launch an impeachment inquiry against President Donald Trump! [over his alleged efforts to pressure Ukraine to investigate Joe Biden, Trump’s potential rival in the 2020 elections]
•No US President has ever been removed as a direct result of impeachment
•The Senate has 53 Republicans, 45 Democrats and two independents who usually vote with the Democrats. Conviction of the President would require 67 votes, which cannot happen unless some Republicans vote against him
National Pension System (NPS);-{launched in 2004}
•It is a government-sponsored pension scheme which allows subscribers to contribute regularly in a pension account during their working life [in 2009, it was opened to all sections including NRI]
•The entire withdrawal will now be exempt from income tax
•Now, any Indian citizen, resident or non-resident and OCIs are eligible to join NPS till the age of 65 years.
International Solar Alliance;-
•ISA is an alliance of more than 122 countries initiated by India, most of them being sunshine countries, which lie either completely or partly between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn, now extended to all members of UN
•Paris Declaration establishes ISA as an alliance dedicated to the promotion of solar energy among its member countries [aims to global deployment of over 1,000GW of solar generation capacity by 2030]
•Palau has become 76th signatory country to join the International Solar Alliance (ISA).
•India is hosting the second Assembly of ISA. Ministry of New and Renewable Energy is hosting the event
NIRVIK scheme
•Export Credit Guarantee Corporation of India (ECGC) has introduced ‘NIRVIK’ scheme to ease the lending process and enhance loan availability for exporters.
•Insurance cover guaranteed will cover up to 90 percent of the principal and interest.
•It mandates inspection of bank documents and records by ECGC officials for losses exceeding Rs.10 crore as against the present Rs 1crore
•The banks shall pay a premium to ECGC monthly on the principal and interest as the cover is offered for both outstandings.
•It will enhance accessibility and affordability of credit for exporters.(It will help make Indian exports competitive.)
Air-independent propulsion
•It is any technology which allows a non-nuclear submarine to operate without the need to access atmospheric oxygen (by surfacing or using a snorkel).
•It can augment or replace the diesel-electric propulsion system of non-nuclear vessels.
•It is based on the combustion of stored oxygen and ethanol to augment battery-powered propulsion
•AIP significantly improves stealth because it enables a submarine to generate electricity for services and battery charging and propulsion while completely submerged
Jammu and Kashmir Public Safety Act (PSA)
•The Jammu and Kashmir Public Safety Act (PSA) received the assent of the J&K Governor on April 8, 1978.
•The Act was introduced as a tough law to prevent the smuggling of timber and keep the smugglers “out of circulation”.
•The law allows the government to detain any person above the age of 16 without trial for a period of two years.
•Detention orders under PSA can be issued by Divisional Commissioners or District Magistrates
•The detaining authority need not disclose any facts about the detention “which it considers to be against the public interest to disclose”.
•Farooq Abdullah, Former Jammu and Kashmir Chief Minister, has been booked under the Public Safety Act (PSA).
•It is short for “malicious software,” also known as malicious code or “malcode.” [It is code or software that is specifically designed to damage, disrupt, steal, or in general inflict some other “bad” or illegitimate action on data, hosts, or networks.]
•Some of the more commonly known types of malware are viruses, worms, Trojans, bots, ransomware, backdoors, spyware, and adware.
Mekong river Hide —

•The Mekong originates in Tibet and flows through China, Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam
Indian brain atlas:
• IIIT-Hyderabad creates the first Indian brain atlas. It is named as IBA100. Other brain atlases include Chinese, Korean and Caucasian.
•The first digital human brain atlas was created by the Montreal Neurological Institute (MNI).
•The atlas reveals that Indian brain is smaller in height, width, and volume compared to the western and eastern populations
Cyclone Maha:( Oman)
•The depression over Arabian Sea has intensified into a cyclonic storm. It is named Maha. The name is given by Oman.
•This year, Maha will be the fourth Cyclone in Arabian Sea to form after Vayu, Hikaa, Kyaar

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