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Daily Quick Revision Current Affairs || 8 October 2019

Larger pictorial warnings
•A new study has shown that large health warnings on tobacco packets with plain packaging can be highly effective in conveying ill effects of tobacco to people.
•Packs with 85% graphical warnings were perceived to be more effective in increasing noticeability of the warnings and conveying the intended health message.
•Nearly one million tobacco-related deaths take place in India every year
The revenue earned through tobacco excise duty during the same period was a paltry 17% of the health burden of tobacco
•larger images on both sides of the packet are the most( not most!) effective and powerful way to communicate health risks to this population
National e-Assessment Scheme (NeAC) Hide—

•NeAC will be an independent office that will look after the work of e-Assessment scheme which is recently notified for faceless e-assessment for income tax payers.
•There would be a NeAC in Delhi to be headed by Principal Chief Commissioner of Income Tax (Pr.CCIT).
•In view of the dynamic and all India jurisdiction of all officers of NeAC and ReAC, this kind of connective and collaborative effort of officers is likely to lead to better quality of assessments.
2019 Nobel Prize in Medicine: has been awarded jointly to William G. Kaelin Jr, Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza 
“for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability.”
•The oxygen-sensing ability of the body has a role in the immune system and the earliest stages of development inside the womb. 
•If oxygen levels are low, it can trigger the production of red blood cells or the construction of blood vessels to remedy this. 
•More red blood cells mean the body is able to carry more oxygen and is why athletes train at altitude.
Alfred Nobel, a Swedish chemist, engineer, industrialist, and the inventor of dynamite, in his last will and testament in 1895, gave the largest share of his fortune to a series of prizes in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology/Medicine, Literature, and Peace, to be called the “Nobel Prizes”.
•In 1968, the sixth award, the Prize in Economic Sciences was started.
Stubble burning
•Stubble burning is a common practice followed by farmers to prepare fields for sowing of wheat in November as there is little time left between the harvesting of paddy and sowing of wheat
•More than 4500 villages in Punjab and Haryana have been declared as Zero Stubble Burning Villages during 2018 as not a single crop burning incident was reported from these villages during the year
•Stubble burning results in emission of harmful gases such carbon diaoxide, sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide along with particulate matter.
•The existing Minimum Support Price (MSP) Scheme must be so interpreted as to enable the States concerned to wholly or partly deny the benefit of MSP to those who continue to burn the crop residue : Supreme Court
•[As many as eight districts in Punjab and three in Haryana have been identified as contributing around 62% of the total crop burning emission]
•It is the first ever national digital platform on oral health information and knowledge dissemination.
•Launched recently by the Health and Family Welfare Ministry in collaboration with AIIMS and other stakeholders.
•Aim: To sensitize the public about the significance of maintaining optimum oral health and equips them with the tools and knowledge to do so, including awareness on the nearest oral health service facility.

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