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Daily Quick Revision Current Affairs || 9 October 2019

Satnami Rebellion
•The Satnami sect was founded by a saint named “Birbhan” in 1657 in Narnaul in Haryana. The major religious activity of this sect is to chant and meditate the true names {Sat-Nam} of God specially Rama and Krishna. 
This sect is thought to be an offshoot of Ravidasi sect and comprised of lower strata of the Hindu society, particularly, leather workers, sweepers, carpenters, Goldsmiths etc. 
•The followers of this sect kept their heads shaven (thus called Mundiyas}) and abstained from liquor and meat. 
revolt of 1672
•The revolt triggered when a Mughal soldier killed a Satnami. The Satnamis killed the soldier in revenge and in turn Mughal soldiers were sent to teach them a lesson. Some 5,000 Satnamis stood up in arms and routed the Mughal troops in the town, drove away the Mughal administrators and set up their own administration under their leader Birbhan. •The rebellion was crushed when Aurangzeb himself took personal command and sent 10,000 troops with artillery to crush the Satnamis. In the sort of a large battle, some 2000 Satnamis were slain. 
•This was followed by an attempt to pursue and kill every member of the Satnami sect, thus a kind of genocide happened
WHO issues first World report on vision
•At least 2.2 billion people!! have vision impairment or blindness, of which over 1 billion cases could have been prevented or have yet to be addressed
•it is often far greater in people living in rural areas, those with low incomes, women, older people, people with disabilities, ethnic minorities and indigenous populations. 
•Low- and middle-income regions of western and eastern sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia have rates of blindness that are eight times higher than in all high-income countries
•US$14.3 billion is needed to address the backlog of 1 billion people living with vision impairment or blindness due to short and far sightedness, and cataracts
▫️Myopia (near-sightedness): Increased time spent indoors and increased
Automatic Exchange of Information (AEOI)
•It is systematic and periodic transmission of “bulk” taxpayer information by the source country to the residence country,
•AEOI is the exchange of information between countries without having to request it.
•Automatic Exchange of Information (AEOI) Regime between Switzerland and India kicked off from September 1, 2019. Under this mechanism, India will start receiving information on all financial accounts held by Indian residents in Switzerland, for the year 2018.
•This is not a new measure. In 2016, India and Switzerland had signed an information-sharing deal on bank accounts, which was to come in effect from September 2019.
Nobel Prize in Physics Hide —

•Three scientists- Canadian-American cosmologist James Peebles and Swiss astronomers Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz- have jointly been awarded the 2019 Nobel Prize in physics
•"This year's Nobel Prize in Physics rewards new understanding of the universe's structure and history, and the first discovery of a planet orbiting a solar-type star outside our solar system
▫️James Peebles won one-half of the prize(50%)” for theoretical discoveries that have contributed to our understanding of “how the Universe evolved after the Big Bang“
•His work showed that the matter known to us — such as stars, planets, and ourselves — only makes up five percent(5%), while the other 95 percent is made up of “unknown dark matter and dark energy”.
▫️Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz:
•They shared the prize for their discovery of an exoplanet outside our solar system orbiting a solar-type star in the Milky Way.
•They were able to detect a gaseous ball similar in size to Jupiter, orbiting a star 50 light years from our own Sun.
Global Competitiveness Index: by World Economic Forum
•The Global Competitiveness Index (GCI), which was launched in 1979, maps the competitiveness landscape of 141 economies through 103 indicators organised into 12 pillars.
Compared to last year, India has moved down 10 places to rank 68th. India was ranked 58th last year
[It is among the worst-performing BRICS nations along with Brazil (ranked even lower than India at 71st this year)]
•Major shortcomings: limited ICT (information, communications and technology) adoption, poor health conditions and low healthy life expectancy
With a ratio of female workers to male workers of 0.26, India has been ranked very low at 128th place
•Asia-Pacific is the most competitive region in the world, followed closely by Europe and North America.
•The United States may have lost out to Singapore overall, but it remains an innovation powerhouse.
【this report is gashing my thoughts!!】
Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP)
•Approved by the Supreme Court in 2016.
•It works only as an emergency measure.
•As such, the plan does not include action by various state governments to be taken throughout the year to tackle industrial, vehicular and combustion emissions.
•When the air quality shifts from poor to very poor, the measures listed have to be followed since the plan is incremental in nature.
•It has created a step-by-step plan for the entire Delhi-NCR region and getting on board several agencies including pollution control boards, industrial area authorities, municipal corporations, regional officials of the India Meteorological Department, and others
Rafale Fighter Jet:
•First of 36 Rafale Fighter Jets Delivered to India by France.
•Rafale is a Medium Multi-Role Combat Aircraft (MMRCA).
•Rafale is a French word meaning “gust of wind”.
•The engines push the Rafale to attain a high speed of 1.8 Mach (1912 kmph) and a range of more than 3700 km with 3 drop tanks
Ganga Amantran Abhiyan:
•It is a month-long exploratory open-water rafting and kayaking expedition, covering nearly 2,500 kilometers from Devprayag in Uttarakhand to Ganga Sagar in West Bengal.
•This is the first ever effort by the National Mission for Clean Ganga to raft across the entire stretch of the river
Saturn is the planet with the highest number of moons:(82) Hide —

•Recently the discovery of 20 new moons of Saturn has made Saturn the planet with the highest number of moons (82) .
The previous record- holder, Jupiter, has 79.
•This was announced by the International Astronomical Union’s Minor Planet Center.
Unrepresented tribes of Meghalaya:
•Government of Meghalaya has decided to exclude ‘unrepresented tribes’ from the provisions of the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution.
•The five minor tribes namely, Bodo-Kachari, Hajong, Koch, Mann, and Rabha are clubbed together as ‘unrepresented tribes’ for nomination in Meghalaya’s autonomous tribal councils. (They are indigenous to Meghalaya.)
C40 Cities World Mayors Summit is being held in Copenhagen.
•C40 is a network of the world’s megacities committed to addressing climate change.
•C40 originally targeted megacities for their greater capacity to address climate change, C40 now offers three types of membership categories to reflect the diversity of cities taking action to address climate change, i.e, Megacities, Innovator cities and Observer cities. View —

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