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Daily Quick Revision Current Affairs || 6 November 2019

Third battle of Panipat: [fought in 1761]
•Fought between Maratha forces and invading armies of Afghan general Ahmed Shah Abdali of Durrani Empire in 1761.
•Abdali was supported by two Indian allies—the Rohillas Najib-ud-daulah, Afghans of the Doab region and Shuja-ud-Daula-the Nawab of Awadh.
•The Marathas were defeated in the battle, with 40,000 of their troops killed, while Abdali’s army is estimated to have suffered around 20,000 casualties.
•It marked a loss of prestige for the Marathas, who lost their preeminent position in north India after this war, paving the way for British colonial power to expand here.
▫️The First Battle of Panipat, in 1526, laid the foundation of the Mughal Empire in India after its first ruler, Babur, ended the Delhi Sultanate
▫️The Second Battle of Panipat, in 1556, cemented Mughal rule when Akbar fought off a threat from the king Hemu ‘Vikramaditya’.
【The trailer for the upcoming Hindi film ‘Panipat' (The title refers to the Third Battle of Panipat, fought in 1761.)】
China proposes to treat Alzheimer’s with new drug
▫️Alzheimer’s disease Hide —

•It is a progressive brain disorder that typically affects people older than 65. When it affects younger individuals, it is considered early onset.
•The disease destroys brain cells and nerves, and disrupts the message-carrying neurotransmitters.
•Eventually, a person with Alzheimer’s loses the ability to perform day-to-day activities
•There is no cure for Alzheimer’s, because its exact causes are not known. Most drugs being developed try to slow down or stop the progression of the disease
[Alzheimer’s involves two proteins, called beta amyloids and tau]
•China recently announced that a new drug, meant to potentially treat Alzheimer’s disease, will be available to Chinese patients by the end of this year.
Called GV-971 or “Oligomannate”
Iran nuclear deal
•Iran is trying to increase the pressure on Britain, France and Germany in particular to find some arrangement that will allow them to sell the oil they were buying when Iran was not under sanctions
•Under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPoA) Tehran agreed to significantly cut its stores of centrifuges, enriched uranium and heavy-water, all key components for nuclear weapons
▫️ Possibility in future
•Iran can make things difficult for the U.S. in Afghanistan as also in Iraq and Syria.
•The U.S.’s ability to work with Russia in Syria or with China regarding North Korea will also be impacted
•The impact on world oil prices will be the immediately visible impact of the U.S. decision. Iran is presently India’s third biggest supplier (after Iraq and Saudi Arabia), and any increase in prices will hit both inflation levels as well as the Indian rupee.
•It would impact the development of Chahbahar port.
US exiting the Paris Agreement
•United States initiated the process of leaving the Paris Agreement, notifying the United Nations of its withdrawal from the landmark climate deal.( The withdrawal will take effect one year from delivery of the notification)
•The withdrawal is not immediate, however. It takes effect one year after the submission of the notice. It means the United States will be out of Paris Agreement only on November 4 next year 【Means its good for world if Republic won't come in power again 🙄!】
The Paris Agreement is an agreement within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, dealing with greenhouse-gas-emissions mitigation, adaptation, and finance, signed in 2016 [adopted in December 2015]
•The pact seeks to keep global temperature rise to below 2 degrees Celsius from pre-industrial levels, and to try and limit the temperature increase even further to 1.5 degrees Celsius
•While it is pulling out of the Paris Agreement, it remains part of the UNFCCC, the mother agreement that was finalised in 1994
India & RCEP
•India decided that it won’t sign the Regional Comprehensive Economic Participation agreement
•India was concerned that joining the RCEP trade pact could lead to Chinese goods flooding the Indian markets, and India’s trade deficit ballooning against most of the RCEP members
• India argued that,It would have led to several sectoral producers such as those in the dairy and steel sector being dominated by foreign competition
5th edition of Wasteland Atlas: ( released by Ministry of rural development)
•This is significant as it takes into account 08 MHa of unmapped area of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) for the first time
• Earlier editions 2000, 2005, 2010 & 2011
•Spatial extent of wastelands in India is 55.76 Mha (16.96 per cent of geographical area of the country
•India with 2.4 per cent of total land area of the world is supporting 18 per cent of the world’s population. [The per capita availability of agriculture land in India is 0.12 ha whereas world per capita agriculture land is 0.29 ha]
What is the Danakil Depression Hide —

•The Danakil Depression in northeastern Ethiopia is one of the world’s hottest places, as well as one of its lowest, at 100 metres below sea level
•A new study says that active and naturally occurring life cannot be sustained at Danakil
•All the water entering Danakil evaporates, and no streams flow out from its extreme environment. It is covered with more than 10 lakh tonnes of salt

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