Antimicrobial resistance (AMR)

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR)
•It is the ability of a microorganism (like bacteria, viruses, and some parasites) to stop an antimicrobial (such as antibiotics, antivirals and antimalarials) from working against it. As a result, standard treatments become ineffective, infections persist and may spread to others.
•When an organism is resistant to more than one drug, it is said to be multidrug-resistant.
•India is one of the top users of antibiotics.
The private sector clocked high levels of •antibiotic prescription rates (412 per 1,000 persons per year).
•The highest rate was seen among children aged 0–4 years (636 per 1,000 persons)
•According to a research, now, 2 million people a year in the US develop antibiotic-resistant infections, and 23,000 of them die of those infections

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