Daily Quick Revision Current affairs || 2 December 2019

Inner Line Permit (ILP)
•is a document that allows an Indian citizen to visit or stay in a state that is protected under the ILP system.
•The ILP is obligatory for all those who reside outside the protected states.
•Currently, the Inner Line Permit is operational in Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Nagaland.
©Inner Line Permit is an official travel document issued by the Government of India【not issued by the state government concerned.】
•ILP’s origin dates back to the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulations, 1873- It prohibited “British subjects” or Indians from entering into these protected areas.
•HM Amit Shah has assured the civil society groups that the Citizenship Bill would provide protection to such regions and states where the Inner Line Permit (ILP) is applicable, and autonomous administration has been granted under the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution.
Australia’s points-based visa policy
•UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson has promised to introduce an Australian style points-based visa policy from January 1, 2021.[an effort to block entry to unskilled people]
•Generally, for visas that are points-tested, points may be given for different categories ranging from age to proficiency in English and amount of work experience
•workers entering under the Australian points system are less dependent on their employers and do not need permission to switch between jobs as they do in the UK; as a result, they are expected to have more bargaining power and to operate in a more competitive labour market.
INSTEX – Instrument In Support Of Trade Exchanges
•It is a European special-purpose vehicle (SPV) established in January 2019. Its mission is to facilitate non-USD transactions and non-SWIFT to avoid breaking U.S. sanctions [Founded by France ,Germany,United Kingdom]
•The launching of INSTEX is not only a matter of Iran-EU relations but also embodies a new approach by the bloc towards US policies. It “becomes an opportunity when it’s understood as an experiment and as part of a bigger project to strengthen EU economic power.
•Now Six Countries – Belgium, Denmark, Finland, the Netherlands, Norway and Sweden have recently joined INSTEX.
•It will allow trade between the EU and Iranwithout relying on direct financial transactions
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR)
•It is the ability of a microorganism (like bacteria, viruses, and some parasites) to stop an antimicrobial (such as antibiotics, antivirals and antimalarials) from working against it. As a result, standard treatments become ineffective, infections persist and may spread to others.
•When an organism is resistant to more than one drug, it is said to be multidrug-resistant.
•India is one of the top users of antibiotics.
The private sector clocked high levels of •antibiotic prescription rates (412 per 1,000 persons per year).
•The highest rate was seen among children aged 0–4 years (636 per 1,000 persons)
•According to a research, now, 2 million people a year in the US develop antibiotic-resistant infections, and 23,000 of them die of those infections
Jnanpith Award
Eminent Malayalam poet Akkitham has been chosen for 55th Jnanpith Award for the year 2019
•Instituted in 1961.
•Eligibility: Any Indian citizen who writes in any of the official languages of India is eligible for the honour.
Kulasekarapattinam in Tamil Nadu Hide — uploads.disquscdn.com
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•Union Government is planning to set up a new rocket launch pad here.
•Background: At present, the Indian Space Research organisation (ISRO) has two launch pads at Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDCC) in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh
Operation ‘Clean Art’:[Conceived Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB)] View — uploads.disquscdn.com
•It is first pan India operation to crackdown on the smuggling of mongoose hair.
Aim: To ensure that the mongoose hair brush trade should be closed down across the country.
•Protection: Mongoose(नेवला) is listed in Schedule II Part 2 of the Wildlife Protection Act. Any smuggling or possession of its body part is a non-bailable offence.

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