Daily Quick Revision Current affairs || 3 December 2019|| revisefast

Administration of Oath in legislature
•Article 164(3) says: “Before a Minister enters upon his office, the Governor shall administer to him the oaths of office and of secrecy according to the forms set out for the purpose in the Third Schedule.”
•The Third Schedule requires the taker of the oath to either “swear in the name of God” or to “solemnly affirm” to “bear true faith and allegiance to the Constitution…”
•Art 164 makes it clear that the text of the oath is sacrosanct, and the person taking the oath has to read it out exactly as it is, in the given format
[Former Maharashtra Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis has alleged that the oath-taking ceremony of the new government had violated the Constitution- The format of the oath was not followed]
National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (NCLAT)
•It was constituted under Section 410 of the Companies Act, 2013
•It is the Appellate Tribunal for hearing appeals against the orders passed by Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India under Section 202 and Section 211 of IBC.
•It is the Appellate Tribunal to hear and dispose of appeals against any direction issued or decision made or order passed by the Competition Commission of India (CCI).
•The President of the Tribunal and the chairperson and Judicial Members of the Appellate Tribunal shall be appointed after consultation with the Chief Justice of India
Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group (PVTG)
•PVTGs are more vulnerable among the tribal groups.
•They have declining or stagnant population, low level of literacy, pre-agricultural level of technology and are economically backward.
•They generally inhabit remote localities having poor infrastructure and administrative support.
•In 1975, the Government of India initiated to identify the most vulnerable tribal groups as a separate category called PVTGs and declared 52 such groups, while in 1993 an additional 23 groups were added to the category, making it a total of 75 PVTGs out of 705 Scheduled Tribes
•Among the 75 listed PVTG’s the highest number are found in Odisha (13), followed by Andhra Pradesh (12)
The criteria followed for determination of PVTGs are as under:
•A pre-agriculture level of technology.
•A stagnant or declining population.
•Extremely low literacy.
•A subsistence level of economy.
National Pension Scheme for Traders and Self Employed Persons
•It is a pension scheme for the Vyaparis (shopkeepers/retail traders and self-employed persons) with annual turnover not exceeding Rs 1.5 crore.
•It is a voluntary and contributory pension scheme.
•The enrolment under the scheme is free of cost for the beneficiaries.
•The enrolment is based upon self-certification.
•It has a provision for minimum assured pension of Rs 3,000/- monthly on attaining the age of 60 years.
•The Central Government shall give 50 % share of the monthly contribution and remaining 50% contribution shall be made by the beneficiary.
•He/ She should be within 18 to 40 years of age group.[GSTIN is required only for those with turnover above Rs. 40 lakhs.]
【Is it needed !?】
Bill banning e-cigarettes passed
•Parliament has passed the Prohibition of Electronic Cigarettes (Production, Manufacture, Import, Export, Transport, Sale, Distribution, Storage and Advertisement) Bill, 2019.
 【Itta bada title:)】
•The bill stipulates that persons found in violation of the law for the first time will face a jail term of up to one year or a fine of up to one lakh rupees, or both. For subsequent offences, a jail term of up to three years and fine upto Rs 5 lakh.
electronic cigarette (or e-cigarette)
• It is a battery-powered vaporizer that mimics tobacco smoking. It works by heating up a nicotine liquid, called “juice.”
•Commerce Ministry has asked the Health Ministry to frame a law banning manufacture and sale of e-cigarettes in the country as in the absence of a domestic legislation
•current unregulated sale of e-cigarettes is dangerous for a country like India where the number of smokers is on the decline [nicotine addiction and perpetuating smoking by making it more attractive]
Blue flag programme
•The MoEFCC has embarked upon a programme for ‘Blue Flag’ Certification for select beaches in the country
•13 pilot beaches have been identified for the certification.
•These include Ghoghala Beach (Diu), Shivrajpur beach (Gujarat), Bhogave (Maharashtra), Padubidri and Kasarkod (Karnagaka), Kappad beach (Kerala) etc.
Chandrabhaga beach of Odisha’s Konark coast was the first to complete the tag certification process will be the first in Asia to get the Blue Flag certification
•It started in France in 1985 and has been implemented in Europe since 1987, and in areas outside Europe since 2001, when South Africa joined.
•Japan and South Korea are the only countries in South and southeastern Asia to have Blue Flag beaches.[Chandrabhaga beach of Odisha’s Konark coast to get the Blue Flag certification]
•Spain tops the list with 566 such beaches; Greece and France follow with 515 and 395, respectively.
Power of Siberia:
• It is a massive gas pipeline linking one of the most remote parts of Russia with a far-flung region of China.
•The pipeline stretches more than 3,000km (1,864 miles).
•Under this pipeline project, Russia will deliver 1 trillion cubic meters of natural gas to China over the next 30 years.
First woman pilot in Navy:
•Sub Lieutenant Shivangi Swaroop is the first pilot in the Indian navy. She recently qualified as a Dornier pilot.
• Bhawana Kanth, Avani Chaturvedi and Mohana Singh are the first women pilots in the Indian Air Force
India’s first maritime museum in Gujarat:
•A National Maritime Heritage Museum will be established at Lothal in Gujarat.
•The museum will act as an independent research center for archaeology of boat building, reconstruction of maritime history and materials traded.
Hornbill Festival: Hide — uploads.disquscdn.com
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•hornbill festivalNagas celebrate this festival to revive, protect, sustain and promote the richness of the Naga heritage and traditions.
•It occurs during 1 – 10 December on an annual basis.
•It is also called the “Festival of Festivals”.
The festival pays tribute to Hornbill, the most admired and revered bird for the Nagas for its qualities of alertness and grandeur

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