Daily Quick Revision Current affairs || 30 November 2019

Who was Udham Singh
•He born in Sunam in Punjab’s Sangrur district in 1899.
•He was a political activist who got associated with the Ghadar Party while in the US.
•In 1934, Singh made his way to London with the purpose of assassinating O’Dwyer, who in 1919 had been the Lieutenant Governor of Punjab and unsurprisingly, Singh considered O’Dwyer to be responsible for the massacre.
Instead of Dyer, who instructed his men to open fire at the crowd gathered in Jallianwala Bagh, O’Dwyer is considered to be the actual perpetrator, since Dyer could not have executed it without his permission.
•He was sentenced to death and was hanged on July 31, 1940 at Pentonville Prison
•【BJP MP recently mentioned about Udham Singh in Parliament.】
Registration of political parties under Section 29A of the RP Act, 1951
Jannayak Janta Party of Haryana has been granted the status of a recognised State party by the ECI.
【Now India has 8 national parties, 53 state parties】
•A party seeking registration under the said Section with the Commission has to submit an application to the Commission within a period of 30 days following the date of its formation as per guidelines prescribed by the Election Commission of India in exercise of the powers conferred by Article 324 of the Commission of India and Section 29A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951.
Conditions for recognition as a state party:
1. A party should win minimum three percent of the total number of seats or a minimum of three seats in the Legislative Assembly.
2. A party should win at least one seat in the Lok Sabha for every 25 seats or any fraction thereof allotted to that State.
3. A party should secure at least six percent of the total valid votes polled during general election to a Lok Sabha or State Legislative Assembly and should, in addition, win at least one Lok Sabha, and two Legislative Assembly seats in that election,
4. Under the liberalised criteria, one more clause that it will be eligible for recognition as state party if it secures 8% or more of the total valid votes polled in the state, addition to one seat in any state
The dispute between Britain and Mauritius over Chagos islands
•Mauritius called the UK an “illegal colonial occupier”, after it ignored a UN mandated deadline to return the Chagos Islands, a small archipelago in the Indian Ocean, to Mauritius
What’s the issue?
•Britain detached the Chagos Islands from Mauritius in 1965, three years before Mauritian independence.
•From 1967 to 1973, some 1,500 Chagos islanders were gradually forced to leave their homes so that the largest island, Diego Garcia, could be leased to the US for a strategic airbase. Today, Diego Garcia hosts a major US military base
•In 2017, Mauritius successfully petitioned the United Nations to seek an ICJ advisory opinion on the legality of the separation
[ICJ said, The UK should end its control of the Chagos Islands in the Indian Ocean as rapidly as possible. The islands are not lawfully separated from the former colony of Mauritius.]
•The UK is slowly finding itself more diplomatically isolated after its failures at the UN General Assembly concerning Chagos Islands. The shambles that is Brexit has also alienated the UK to a certain degree in terms of its relations with other EU members.
Global Migration Report 2020: released by International Organisation for Migration’s (IOM)
India accounts for the highest share with 17.5 million Indians living outside the country.
•India is followed by Mexico (11.8 million) and China (10.7 million).
•Roughly two-thirds of international migrants are labour migrants.
•International remittances in 2018 (2020 report) reached $689 billion, out of which India received $78.6 billion from the 17.5 million living abroad.[ in 2019 it was around $ 83 billion]
•The top migration corridors for Indians are the United Arab Emirates, the US and Saudi Arabia, Indonesia ,UK ,and Canada
•Highest number of migrants entering India come from Bangladesh.
•The United States was the top remittance-issuer, at $68 billion, followed by the United Arab Emirates ($44.4 billion) and Saudi Arabia ($36.1 billion).
India’s cold wave zone:
•India’s cold-wave zone covers the north Indian states of Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Delhi, Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and also other states like Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, and Bihar.
【 India’s cold-wave regions to have warm winter this year as per IMD】

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